Golden eagles Aquila chrysaetos, photographed by Matti Rekilä.

Belongs within: Accipitridae.

Aquila is a genus of large eagles found in Eurasia, Africa, North America and Australia.

Characters (from Worthy & Holdaway 2002): Caudal margin of proc maxillare os nasale notched to receive rostral angle of os lacrimale; spina externa broader than deep; ilio-ischiadic foramen oval.

<==Aquila Brisson 1760 [Aquilinae] M02
    |--A. audax WH02
    |--A. bonellii C76
    |--A. chrysaetos (Linnaeus 1758) (see below for synonymy) M02
    |    |--A. c. chrysaetos I92
    |    `--A. c. japonica Severtzov 1888 I92
    |--A. clanga VP89
    |--A. corroyi Gaillard 1939 [=Aquilavus corroyi] M02
    |--A. delphinensis Gaillard 1939 M02
    |--A. fossilis Giebel 1847 M02
    |--A. gurneyi J06
    |--A. heliaca VP89
    |    |--A. h. heliaca USDI77
    |    `--A. h. adalberti USDI77
    |--A. hypogaea Milne-Edwards 1892 [=Aquilavus hypogaea, Aquilavus hypogaeus] M02
    |--A. occipitalis FP64
    |--A. pennata D66
    |--A. pennatoides Gaillard 1939 M02
    |--A. prisca Milne-Edwards 1863 [=Aquilavus priscus, Eutolmaetus priscus, Nisaetus priscus] M02
    |--A. rapax (Temminck 1828) [=Falco rapax] M02
    |    |--A. r. rapax S05
    |    |--A. r. belisarius (Levaillant 1850) [incl. Falco (Aquila) albicans Rüppell 1835] S05
    |    `--A. r. nipalensis VP89 [incl. A. bifasciata S89]
    `--A. verreauxi FP64

Aquila chrysaetos (Linnaeus 1758) [=Falco chrysaetos; incl. A. chrysaetos bonifacti Mourer-Chauviré 1975, A. chrysaetos simurgh Weesie 1988] M02

*Type species of generic name indicated


[C76] Cope, E. D. 1876. Report upon the extinct Vertebrata obtained in New Mexico by parties of the expedition of 1874. Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian 4(2): i-iv, 1-370.

[D66] Dresser, H. E. 1866. Notes on the breeding of the booted eagle (Aquila pennata). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 377-380.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[J06] Johnstone, R. E. 2006. The birds of Gag Island, Western Papuan islands, Indonesia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 23 (2): 115-132.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[S89] Salvadori, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea nella Birmania e nelle regioni vicine. XIX. – Uccelli raccolti nei Monti Carin a nord-est di Tounghoo, nel Pegù presso Rangoon e Tounghoo e nel Tenasserim presso Malewoon. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 369-438.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233-264.

[SJ85] Storr, G. M., & R. E. Johnstone. 1985. Field Guide to the Birds of Western Australia 2nd ed. Western Australian Museum: Perth (Australia).

[USDI77] USDI (United States Department of the Interior). 1977. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants - republication of list of species. Federal Register 42: 36420-36431.

[VP89] Viney, C., & K. Phillipps. 1989. Birds of Hong Kong 5th ed. Government Printer: Hong Kong.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

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