Japanese box Buxus microphylla, copyright David J. Stang.

Belongs within: Mesangiospermae.

The Buxanae are a group of shrubs characterised by formation of a multilayered testa in ripe seeds.

    |--Rhoiptelea T00 [Rhoipteleaceae, Rhoipteleales D01]
    |    `--R. pontwallensis (Vangerow) Knobloch & Mai 1986 CBH93
    `--Buxaceae [Buxales, Buxineae, Didymelaceae, Haptanthaceae] CD07
         |--Didymeles CD07
         |--Macropodandra YY22
         |--Notobuxus YY22
         |--Sarcococca saligna CP02
         |--Haptanthus APG16
         |--Erdtmanipollis Jarzen & Norris 1975 CBH93
         |--Grootipollis calvoerdensis Krutzsch & Lenk 1969 CBH93
         |--Schizocolpus marlinensis CBH93
         |--Pachysandra MH98
         |    |--P. ascidiiformis Mai in Mai & Walther 1985 CBH93
         |    `--P. terminalis MH98
         `--Buxus [Buxoideae] CD07
              |--B. microphylla MS10
              `--B. sempervirens Linnaeus 1753 CD07
                   |--B. s. var. sempervirens S00
                   `--B. s. var. suffruticosa S00

*Type species of generic name indicated


[APG16] Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 1–20.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[CP02] Chung, S.-W., & C.-I. Peng. 2002. Senecio kuanshanensis (Asteraceae), a new species from southern Taiwan. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica 43: 155–159.

[CBH93] Collinson, M. E., M. C. Boulter & P. L. Holmes. 1993. Magnoliophyta (‘Angiospermae’). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 809–841. Chapman & Hall: London.

[D01] Doweld, A. B. 2001. The systematic relevance of fruit and seed structure in Bersama and Melianthus (Melianthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 227: 75–103.

[MS10] Moore, M. J., P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, J. G. Burleigh & D. E. Soltis. 2010. Phylogenetic analysis of 83 plastid genes further resolves the early diversification of eudicots. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 107 (10): 4623–4628.

[MH98] Morikawa, H., A. Higaki, M. Nohno, M. Takahashi, M. Kamada, M. Nakata, G. Toyohara, Y. Okamura, K. Matsui, S. Kitani, K. Fujita, K. Irifune & N. Goshima. 1998. More than a 600-fold variation in nitrogen dioxide assimilation among 217 plant taxa. Plant, Cell and Environment 21: 180–190.

[S00] Siddiqi, M. R. 2000. Tylenchida: Parasites of plants and insects 2nd ed. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441–647.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1–62.

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