Rosa persica, photographed by Yuriy75.

Belongs within: Rosoideae.
Contains: Sanguisorbeae, Fragariinae, Potentilla.

Roperculina is a clade within the Rosaceae supported by molecular data and the presence of operculate pollen (Eriksson et al. 2003). It was defined by Eriksson et al. (2003) as "the least-inclusive clade containing Rosa cinnamomea, Sanguisorba officinalis, Fragaria vesca, and Potentilla reptans". Rosa, the roses, is a Holarctic genus of shrubs and climbers, many species of which have become widely grown as ornamental plants. Its sister clade, Sanpotina, is well supported by molecular data but lacks distinct morphological synamorphies, though its members are marked by a reduction in the number of stamen whorls from many to three or fewer (Eriksson et al. 2003).

    |--Sanpotina EH03
    |    |--Sanguisorbeae EH03
    |    `--Potentilleae EH03
    |         |  i. s.: Horkeliella EH03
    |         |           |--H. congdonis [=Ivesia purpurascens ssp. congdonis] H93
    |         |           `--H. purpurascens [=Ivesia purpurascens] H93
    |         |         Comarella EH03
    |         |         Stellariopsis EH03
    |         |--Fragariinae EH03
    |         `--Potentilla EH03
    `--Rosa [incl. Hulthemia] EH03
         |--R. × andegavensis [R. canina × R. stylosa] V09
         |--R. bracteata H90
         |--R. bridgesii [incl. R. gymnocarpa var. pubescens] H93
         |--R. californica H93
         |--R. canina V09
         |--R. centifolia KSM06
         |--R. cinnamomea Linnaeus 1753 CD07
         |--R. damacena KSM06
         |--R. eglanteria H93
         |--R. gallica H91
         |--R. gymnocarpa H93
         |--R. hybrida MH98
         |--R. laevigata C55
         |--R. majalis EH03
         |--R. minutifolia H93
         |--R. multiflora BC01
         |--R. nutkana [incl. R. nutkana var. muriculata, R. nutkana var. setosa] H93
         |--R. persica EH03
         |--R. pimpinellifolia BBM02
         |--R. pinetorum H93
         |--R. pisocarpa H93
         |--R. roxburghii H90
         |--R. rubiginosa C55
         |--R. rugosa B88
         |--R. sempervirens R-RR-GM-S98
         |--R. sericea O88
         |--R. spithamea [incl. R. spithamea var. sonomensis] H93
         |--R. stylosa V09
         |--R. tomentosa D37
         |--R. wilsonii D37
         `--R. woodsii H93
              |--R. w. var. woodsii H93
              `--R. w. var. ultramontana [incl. R. woodsii var. glabrata, R. woodsii var. gratissima] H93

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BBM02] Bonte, D., L. Baert & J.-P. Maelfait. 2002. Spider assemblage structure and stability in a heterogeneous coastal dune system (Belgium). Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 331–343.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[BC01] Briese, D. T., & J. M. Cullen. 2001. The use and usefulness of mites in biological control of weeds. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 453–463. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[D37] Dobzhansky, T. 1937. Genetics and the Origin of Species. Columbia University Press: New York.

[EH03] Eriksson, T., M. S. Hibbs, A. D. Yoder, C. F. Delwiche & M. J. Donoghue. 2003. The phylogeny of Rosoideae (Rosaceae) based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA and the trnL/F region of chloroplast DNA. International Journal of Plant Science 164 (2): 197–211.

[H90] Harden, G. J. (ed.) 1990. Flora of New South Wales vol. 1. New South Wales University Press.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255–260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[KSM06] King, R. C., W. D. Stansfield & P. K. Mulligan. 2006. A Dictionary of Genetics 7th ed. Oxford University Press.

[MH98] Morikawa, H., A. Higaki, M. Nohno, M. Takahashi, M. Kamada, M. Nakata, G. Toyohara, Y. Okamura, K. Matsui, S. Kitani, K. Fujita, K. Irifune & N. Goshima. 1998. More than a 600-fold variation in nitrogen dioxide assimilation among 217 plant taxa. Plant, Cell and Environment 21: 180–190.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: an introductory note. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19–46.

[R-RR-GM-S98] Ramil-Rego, P., M. Rodríguez-Guitián & C. Muñoz-Sobrino. 1998. Sclerophyllous vegetation dynamics in the north of the Iberian peninsula during the last 16,000 years. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 7: 335–351.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the wild fauna and flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

Last updated: 20 September 2020.

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