Tenthredinoidea

Tenthredo variicolor, from here.


Belongs within: Hymenoptera.
Contains: Nematinae.

The Tenthredinoidea is the most diverse living lineage of sawflies, with larvae feeding on a wide variety of plant species, including ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms (Grimaldi & Engel 2005).

Characters (from Grimaldi & Engel 2005): Pronotum deeply curved, with lateral concavities for reception of prothoracic spiracle; forewing with crossvein 2r-rs distad of 2rs-m.

<==Tenthredinoidea
    |  i. s.: Caliroa AY04
    |           |--C. cerasi AY04
    |           `--C. limacina H74
    |--Xyelotomidae NPH04
    |    |--Pseudoxyelocerus Nel, Petrulevicius & Henrotay 2004 NPH04
    |    |    `--*P. bascharagensis Nel, Petrulevicius & Henrotay 2004 NPH04
    |    |--Xyelotoma Rasnitsyn 1968 NPH04
    |    |    `--*X. nigricornis Rasnitsyn 1968 NPH04
    |    |--Xyelocerus Rasnitsyn 1968 NPH04
    |    |    `--*X. admirandus Rasnitsyn 1968 NPH04
    |    |--Pseudoxyela Rasnitsyn 1968 NPH04
    |    |    `--*P. heteroclita Rasnitsyn 1968 NPH04
    |    |--Dahurotoma Rasnitsyn 1990 NPH04
    |    |    `--*D. robusta Rasnitsyn 1990 NPH04
    |    |--Vitimilarva Rasnitsyn 1969 NPH04
    |    |    `--*V. paradoxa Rasnitsyn 1969 NPH04
    |    `--Kuengilarva Rasnitsyn 1990 NPH04
    |         `--*K. inexpectata Rasnitsyn 1990 NPH04
    `--+--Liaotoma Ren et al. 1995 NPH04
       |    `--*L. linearis Ren et al. 1995 NPH04
       |--Leridatoma Rasnitsyn & Ansorge 2000 NPH04
       |    `--*L. pulcherrima Rasnitsyn & Ansorge 2000 NPH04
       |--Davidsmithia Pagliano & Scaramozzino 1990 (see below for synonymy) NPH04
       |    `--*D. suni (Hong 1982) [=*Protenthredo suni, *Thomasia suni] NPH04
       |--Undatoma Rasnitsyn 1977 NPH04
       |    |--*U. dahurica Rasnitsyn 1977 NPH04
       |    |--U. bicolor Rasnitsyn & Jarzembowski 1998 NPH04
       |    |--U. rudwickensis Rasnitsyn & Jarzembowski 1998 NPH04
       |    |--U. taksha Rasnitsyn 1990 NPH04
       |    |--U. stigmatica Rasnitsyn & Jarzembowski 1998 NPH04
       |    `--U. undurgensis Rasnitsyn 1990 NPH04
       `--+--Blasticotoma RZ04 [Blasticotomidae GE05]
          `--+--+--Electrotoma Z02 [Electrotomidae GE05]
             |  |    `--E. succini Z02
             |  `--+--Argidae GE05
             |     `--Pergidae GE05
             |          |--Perga SC04
             |          |--Platypsectra analis ZS10
             |          `--Phylacteophaga AY04
             |               |--P. eucalypti B88
             |               `--P. froggattii SC04
             `--+--+--Cimbicidae GE05
                |  `--Diprionidae GE05
                |       |--Diprion C81
                |       |    |--D. hercyniae C81
                |       |    `--D. pini A71
                |       `--Neodiprion TW05
                |            |--N. abietis FM80
                |            `--N. sertifer C81
                `--Tenthredinidae GE05
                     |  i. s.: Hemichroa crocea (Geoffroy 1785) HP-W05
                     |         Croesus HP-W05
                     |         Nematinus HP-W05
                     |         Cladius pectinicornis (Geoffroy 1785) HP-W05
                     |         Mesoneura opaca (Fabricius 1775) HP-W05
                     |         Pachynematus imperfectus (Zaddach 1876) HP-W05
                     |         Macrophya aguadoi Lacourt 2005 F05
                     |--Nematinae K07
                     |--Monosoma [Allantinae] HP-W05
                     |    `--M. pulverata (Retzius 1783) HP-W05
                     |--Dolerus [Dolerinae] H04b
                     |    `--D. varispinus Hartig 1837 H04b
                     `--Tenthredo Linnaeus 1758 [incl. Tenthredella Rohwer 1910; Tenthredininae] H04a
                          |--T. allantosikkimensis Haris 2004 H04a
                          |--T. changbuensis Haris 2000 H04a
                          |--T. coloripleuris Malaise 1945 H04a
                          |--T. maculipennis Malaise 1945 H04a
                          |--T. maruana Malaise 1945 H04a
                          |--T. memoriaescalerai Haris 2004 H04a
                          |--T. minutosimplicis Haris 2004 H04a
                          |--T. nigroypsilon Haris 2004 H04a
                          `--T. variicolor Malaise 1945 H04a

Davidsmithia Pagliano & Scaramozzino 1990 [=Protenthredo Hong 1982 non Pongracz 1928, Thomasia Pagliano & Scaramozzino 1990 nec Poche 1908 nec Lambert 1918; Protenthredinidae] NPH04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[AY04] Austin, A. D., D. K. Yeates, G. Cassis, M. J. Fletcher, J. La Salle, J. F. Lawrence, P. B. McQuillan, L. A. Mound, D. J. Bickel, P. J. Gullan, D. F. Hales & G. S. Taylor. 2004. Insects 'Down Under' - diversity, endemism and evolution of the Australian insect fauna: examples from select orders. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 216-234.

[C81] Caltagirone, L. E. 1981. Landmark examples in classical biological control. Annual Review of Entomology 26: 213-232.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261-282.

[FM80] Futuyma, D. J., & G. C. Mayer. 1980. Non-allopatric speciation in animals. Systematic Zoology 29 (3): 254-271.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H04a] Haris, A. 2004a. Four new Tenthredo Linnaeus, 1758 species from Sikkim (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae). Graellsia 60 (2): 155-161.

[H04b] Haris, A. 2004b. New sawflies from Spain (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae). Graellsia 60 (2): 163-165.

[HP-W05] Heitland, W., & H. Pschorn-Walcher. 2005. Biology and parasitoids of the peculiar alder sawfly, Platycampus luridiventris (Fallen) (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 215-231.

[H74] Helson, G. A. H. 1974. Insect Pests: Identification, life history, and control of pests of farms, horticulture, gardens, and public health. A. R. Shearer, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[K07] Kopelke, J.-P. 2007. The European species of the genus Phyllocolpa, part III: the species-groups of crassispina, scotaspis, and piliserra (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae, Nematinae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 87 (2): 163-183.

[NPH04] Nel, A., J. F. Petrulevicius & M. Henrotay. 2004. New Early Jurassic sawflies from Luxembourg: The oldest record of Tenthredinoidea (Hymenoptera: “Symphyta”). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 49 (2): 283-288.

[RZ04] Rasnitsyn, A. P., & H. Zhang. 2004. A new family, Daohugoidae fam. n., of siricomorph hymenopteran (Hymenoptera = Vespida) from the Middle Jurassic of Daohugou in Inner Mongolia (China). Proceedings of the Russian Entomological Society, St. Petersburg 75 (1): 12-16.

[SC04] Stone, C., & N. C. Coops. 2004. Assessment and monitoring of damage from insects in Australian eucalypt forests and commercial plantations. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 283-292.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240-257.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P. & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[Z02] Zherikhin, V. V. 2002. Ecological history of the terrestrial insects. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 331-388. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

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