Myrmica

European fire ant Myrmica rubra, photographed by Alex Wild.


Belongs within: Myrmicinae.

Myrmica is a genus of generalist ants found in Eurasia and North America.

Characters (from Wheeler & Wheeler 1990): Antenna with twelve segments. Lateral portion of clypeus not raised; antennal fossa opening onto clypeus without elevated boundary; psammophore absent. Epinotum armed with spines or teeth; promesonotal suture absent on thoracic dorsum; mesoepinotal suture moderately impressed. Middle and hind tibial spurs finely pectinate. Postpetiole attached to andterior end of first gastric somite, gaster about equally convex above and below.

<==Myrmica [incl. Paramyrmica] WW90
    |--M. algirica Lucas 1849 E12
    |--M. colax WW90
    |--M. formosae AV04
    |--M. gallienii AV04
    |--M. kurokii AV04
    |    |--M. k. kurokii AV04
    |    `--M. k. tipuna AV04
    |--M. lobicornis AV04
    |--M. margaritae Emery 1889 E89
    |--M. mexicana WW90
    |--M. ritae Emery 1889 E89
    |--M. rubra AV04
    |--M. ruginodis AV04
    |--M. rugiventris WW90
    |--M. rugosa AV04
    |    |--M. r. rugosa AV04
    |    `--M. r. arisana AV04
    |--M. sabuleti AV04
    |--M. scabrinodis AV04
    |--M. schencki AV04
    |--M. specioides AV04
    |--M. striolagaster BS06
    |--M. sulcinodis AV04
    |--M. tahoensis BS06
    |--M. testaceopilosa Lucas 1849 E12
    `--M. vandeli AV04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AV04] Als, T. D., R. Vila, N. P. Kandul, D. R. Nash, S.-H. Yen, Y.-F. Hsu, A. A. Mignault, J. J. Boomsma & N. E. Pierce. 2004. The evolution of alternative parasitic life histories in large blue butterflies. Nature 432: 386-390.

[BS06] Brady, S. G., T. R. Schultz, B. L. Fisher & P. S. Ward. 2006. Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103 (48): 18172-18177.

[E89] Emery, C. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XX. – Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885-87). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 485-520.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[WW90] Wheeler, G. C., & J. Wheeler. 1990. Insecta: Hymenoptera Formicidae. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 1277-1294. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

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