Amblyoponinae

Amblyopone pallipes, photographed by Benoit Guenard.


Belongs within: Formicidae.

The Amblyoponinae are a group of ants characterised by a relatively broad attachment of the petiole to the gaster. Most are cryptic predators in soil and leaf litter, and rarely seen on the surface of the ground.

Characters (from Heterick 2009): Dentiform clypeal setae present; waist consisting of a single segment, petiole broadly articulated to abdominal segment III; apex of abdomen with a sting.

<==Amblyoponinae [Amblyoponini]
    |--+--Apomyrma [Apomyrminae] RBV08
    |  |    `--A. stygia RBV08
    |  `--+--Onychomyrmex hedleyi RBV08
    |     `--+--Concoctio concenta RBV08
    |        `--Prionopelta RBV08
    `--+--Adetomyrma RBV08
       `--+--Mystrium Roger 1862 RBV08, B03
          |    |--*M. mysticum B03
          |    `--M. camillae Emery 1889 E89
          `--Amblyopone Erichson 1842 RBV08, FT08
               |--A. aberrans H09
               |--A. australis H09
               |--A. cephalotes V73
               |--A. clarki H09
               |--A. fulvida Terayama 1987 I92
               |--A. glauerti H09
               |--A. michaelseni H09
               |--A. mutica RBV08
               |--A. nana Emery 1914 E14
               |--A. pallipes RBV08
               `--A. zwaluwenburgi (Williams 1946) FT08

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B03] Bingham, C. T. 1903. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera. Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-Wasps. Taylor and Francis: London.

[E89] Emery, C. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XX.—Formiche di Birmania e del Tenasserim raccolte da Leonardo Fea (1885–87). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 485–520.

[E14] Emery, C. 1914. Les fourmis de la Nouvelle-Calédonie & des îles Loyalty. In: Sarasin, F. & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1, Heft IV pp. 393–436, pl. 12. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[FT08] Framenau, V. W., & M. L. Thomas. 2008. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): identification and distribution. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 45–85.

[H09] Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76: 1–206.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[RBV08] Rabeling, C., J. M. Brown & M. Verhaagh. 2008. Newly discovered sister lineage sheds light on early ant evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 105 (39): 14913–14917.

[V73] Vandel, A. 1973. Les isopodes terrestres de l'Australie. Étude systématique et biogéographique. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série A, Zoologie 82: 1–171.

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