Silky hakea Hakea sericea with fruit, photographed by Edoarado.

Belongs within: Grevilleoideae.

Hakea is an Australian genus of trees and shrubs characterised by the production of persistent woody fruits that do not open to release their seeds until the death of the bearing branch from fire or other causes. Mature fruit size is correlated with the length of time the plant may retain the fruit before release (Groom & Lamont 2004). Many Hakea species have notably spiny leaves. A number of species are grown as ornamental plants, and some have become invasive weeds in South Africa and New Zealand. These include the silky hakea or needle bush Hakea sericea, a native of south-eastern Australia which has rigid needle-like leaves about six centimetres in length.

Characters (from Harden 2001): Shrubs or small trees. Leaves flat with similar surfaces or terete, and then entire or divided into segments, or rarely trigonous. Conflorescences axillary, raceme-like with paired flowers, or in several- to many-flowered clusters, and then flowers not regularly or obviously paired. Flowers zygomorphic. Perianth tube revolute and curved under the limb; tepals splitting to base or remaining fused and splitting on upper side only, becoming free. Anthers 4, sessile. Hypogynous glands fused, horseshoe-shaped, obovoid or rarely disc-shaped, rarely absent. Ovary shortly stipitate, glabrous; ovules 2; style longer than the perianth, curved and protruding from a slit in the perianth before being released; pollen presenter an oblique or lateral disc or an erect cone. Follicle woody, surface smooth, wrinkled, blistered or warty, sometimes prominently beaked (apical portion of the fruit beyond the main swollen body of the fruit), often with apical horns (pair of hard points just behind fruit apex, often broken off in mature fruit); secondary thickening formed by the cambium, the fruit opening in 2 valves; seeds 2, compressed, testa expanded into a wing, usually at one end; seeds generally placed near the upper suture of the fruit and mostly borne in ± same direction as stalk of fruit.

    |--H. acicularis H87
    |--H. ambigua RL05
    |--H. amplexicaulis GK00
    |--H. arborescens LK14
    |-—H. brownii OS04
    |--H. ceratophylla GK00
    |--H. chordophylla LK14
    |--H. commutata G04b
    |--H. coriacea M93
    |--H. corymbosa GK00
    |--H. costata B14
    |--H. cristata JK08
    |--H. cunninghamii C16
    |--H. dactyloides B88
    |--H. drupacea H06
    |--H. duttoni Ettingshausen 1886 F71
    |--H. epiglottis SN08
    |--H. erecta G04b
    |--H. erinacea GL04
    |--H. ferruginea CFH05
    |--H. gibbosa H06
    |--H. gilbertii GK00
    |--H. hastata OS04
    |--H. incrassata OS04
    |--H. lasianthoides JK08
    |--H. lehmanniana OS04
    |--H. leucoptera B88
    |--H. lissocarpha JK08
    |--H. loranthifolia LK00
    |--H. lorea LK14
    |    |--H. l. ssp. lorea LK14
    |    `--H. l. ssp. borealis LK14
    |--H. macrocarpa LK14
    |--H. marginata JK08
    |--H. meisneriana G04b
    |--H. microcarpa C08
    |--H. minyma G04a
    |--H. muelleriana B00
    |--H. multilineata G04b
    |--H. nodosa TW07
    |--H. oleifolia GK00
    |--H. persiehana C16
    |--H. petiolaris A91
    |--H. platysperma GL04
    |--H. preissii KM08
    |--H. prostrata GL04
    |--H. recurva S95
    |--H. rhombale B05
    |--H. ruscifolia JK08
    |--H. salicifolia H06
    |--H. saligna NC91
    |--H. scoparia G04b
    |--H. sericea H06
    |--H. spathulata LK00
    |--H. stenocarpa JK08
    |--H. stenophylla KM08
    |--H. suberea B05
    |--H. subsulcata G04b
    |--H. sulcata GK00
    |--H. teritifolia C96
    |--H. trifurcata GL04
    |--H. undulata GL04
    |--H. varia S35
    |--H. victoria MJH05
    `--H. vittata E65
         |--H. v. var. vittata E65
         `--H. v. var. glabriflora Black ex Willis 1957 E65

*Type species of generic name indicated


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Last updated: 23 March 2021.

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