Sterculioideae

Indian almond Sterculia foetida, from here.


Belongs within: Malvaceae.

The Sterculioideae are a pantropical group of trees and shrubs with apetalous flowers. They were defined by Baum et al. (1998) as a node-based clade including Brachychiton paradoxum, Cola acuminata, Heritiera littoralis and Sterculia foetida.

Characters (from S. R. Hinsley): Plants typically monoecious. Flowers apetalous (lacking petals), exinvolucellate (lacking an epicalyx), with a fleshy, usually petaloid, gamosepalous (fused) calyx, an absence of staminodes, a monadelphous staminal column, an androgynophore (a stalk separating the calyx from the stamens and styles), and apocarpous (i.e. separated) ovaries and fruits.

<==Sterculioideae BAN98
    |--Cola BAN98
    |    |--C. acuminata BAN98
    |    `--C. lizae FGN07
    |--Heritiera BAN98
    |    |--H. littoralis BAN98
    |    `--H. simplicifolia W01
    |--Brachychiton BAN98
    |    |--B. carruthersii C78
    |    |--B. discolor B88
    |    |--B. gregorii G04
    |    |--B. paradoxum BAN98
    |    `--B. populneum B88
    `--Sterculia BAN98
         |--S. foetida BAN98
         |--S. guttata S02
         |--S. labrusca JD05
         |--S. lanceolata L02
         |--S. religiosa YZ02
         |--S. urens P03
         `--S. villosa CMT06

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BAN98] Baum, D. A., W. S. Anderson & R. Nyffeler. 1998. A durian by any other name: taxonomy and nomenclature of the core Malvales. Harvard Papers in Botany 3 (2): 315-330.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[CMT06] Chakrabarty, T., V. Maina & M. Tigga. 2006. Plants used in gathering honey by the Jarawas of Andaman Islands. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 48 (1-4): 205-206.

[C78] Clunie, N. M. U. 1978. The vegetation. In Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea vol. 1 (J. S. Womersley, ed.) pp. 1-11. Melbourne University Press: Carlton South (Australia).

[FGN07] Fontaine, B., O. Gargominy & E. Neubert. 2007. Land snail diversity of the savanna/forest mosaic in Lopé National Park, Gabon. Malacologia 49 (2): 313-338.

[G04] Gibson, N. 2004. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 6. Mt Manning Range. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 35-47.

[JD05] Junge, F. W., M. Dolezych, H. Walther, T. Böttger, A. Kühl, L. Kunzmann, P. Morgenstern, T. Steinberg & R. Stange. 2005. Ein Fenster in Landschaft und Vegetation vor 37 Millionen Jahren: Lithologische, sedimentgeochemische und paläobotanische Befunde aus einem Paläoflusssystem des Weißelsterbeckens. Mauritiana 19 (2): 185-273.

[L02] Li F. 2002. Psocoptera of China vol. 2. Science Press: Beijing.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1-4): 121-142.

[S02] Santharam, V. 2002. Fruit and nectar resources in a moist deciduous forest and their use by birds – a preliminary report. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 537-543.

[W01] Watling, R. 2001. The relationships and possible distributional patterns of boletes in south-east Asia. Mycological Research 105 (12): 1440-1448.

[YZ02] Yahya, H. S. A., & A. A. Zarri. 2002. Status, ecology and behaviour of Narcondam hornbill (Aceros narcondami) in Narcondam Island, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 434-445.

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