Scarlet spiderling Boerhavia coccinea, photographed by T. Beth Kinsey.

Belongs within: Caryophyllales.
Contains: Aizoaceae.

The Phytolaccineae is a group of plants within the Caryophyllales recognised by Thorne (2000). Most members of the group are tropical or warm-temperate herbs and lianes, with a few small trees.

    |--Nyctaginaceae KRH03
    |    |--Neea YY22
    |    |--Phaeoptilon YY22
    |    |--Andradaea YY22
    |    |--Boerhavia KM08
    |    |    |--B. coccinea KM08
    |    |    |--B. deserticola CV06
    |    |    |--B. diandra Linnaeus 1753 (see below for synonymy) P06
    |    |    |--B. diffusa Linnaeus 1753 SDK05, P06
    |    |    |--B. mutabilis C55
    |    |    |--B. paniculata C55
    |    |    |--B. procumbens Banks ex Roxb. 1820 [=B. repens var. procumbes (Banks) Hooker 1885] P06
    |    |    `--B. repens Linnaeus 1753 P06
    |    |--Commicarpus CV06
    |    |    |--C. australis KM08
    |    |    |--C. decipiens CV06
    |    |    |--C. fruticosus CV06
    |    |    `--C. verticillatus PP07
    |    |--Pisonia J87
    |    |    |--P. aculeata J87
    |    |    |--P. brunoniana A27
    |    |    |--P. grandis SJP60
    |    |    `--P. subcordata SWK87
    |    |--Mirabilis H03
    |    |    |--M. dichotoma C55
    |    |    |--M. himalaica O88
    |    |    |--M. jalapa D59
    |    |    `--M. longiflora D59
    |    `--Bougainvillea MH98
    |         |--B. × buttiana MH98
    |         |--B. frondosa HH03
    |         `--B. stipitata HH03
    `--+--Aizoaceae KRH03
       `--Phytolaccaceae KRH03
            |  i. s.: Didymotheca YY22
            |         Monococcus YY22
            |         Tersonia YY22
            |         Codonocarpus YY22
            |--Agdestis [Agdestidoideae] T00
            |--Barbeuia [Barbeuioideae] T00
            |--Gisekia [Gisekioideae] T00
            |    `--G. pharnaeoides VB02
            |--Petiverioideae [Rivinaceae] T00
            |    |--Petiveria alliacea J87
            |    `--Rivina humilis ACW01
            `--Phytolaccoideae T00
                 |--Lophiocarpus T00
                 `--Phytolacca H06
                      |--P. americana EBS98
                      |--P. decandra C55
                      |--P. dioica H06
                      |--P. icosandra J87
                      |--P. octandra G60
                      `--P. rivinoides J87

Phytolaccineae incertae sedis:
  Stegnosperma [Stegnospermataceae] T00
  Sarcobatus [Sarcobataceae] T00
    `--S. vermiculatus CL86
  Halophytum [Halophytaceae] T00
  Molluginaceae T00
    |--Macarthuria apetala T00, GK00
    |--Glinus lotoides VB02
    |--Corbichonia CV06
    |    |--C. decumbens PP07
    |    `--C. rubriviolacea CV06
    |--Hypertelis caespitosa CV06
    |--Suessenguthiella caespitosa CV06
    `--Mollugo CV06
         |--M. nudicaulis C55
         |    |--M. n. var. nudicaulis C55
         |    `--M. n. var. bellidifolia C55
         |--M. stricta P03
         `--M. walteri CV06

Boerhavia diandra Linnaeus 1753 [incl. B. repens var. glabra Choisy 1849, B. vulvariaefolia Poir. 1804, B. repens var. vulvariaefolia (Poir.) Boiss 1879] P06

*Type species of generic name indicated


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[SJP60] St. John, H. & W. R. Philipson. 1960. List of the flora of Oeno Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago, south-central Pacific Ocean. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 88 (3): 401-403.

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