Meadow sage Salvia pratensis, photographed by Leo Michels.

Belongs within: Lamiaceae.

Salvia, the sages, is a genus of herbs and small shrubs. Salvia officinalis is the culinary sage; other species are grown as ornamentals.

Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Herbs or undershrubs with opposite leaves; flowers in bracteate false-whorls, forming long terminal racemes or panicles. Calyx two-lipped, 13-15-nerved, the upper lip three-toothed or almost entire, the lower bifid; corolla two-lipped, the upper lip erect, hooded, entire or notched, the lower three-lobed, the middle lobe the largest; stamens 2, the short filament terminating in a two-branched connective, the longer branch bearing one cell of the anther and the shorter branch an abortive scale-like cell; nutlets ovoid-trigonous, smooth.

    |--S. aethiopis BR65
    |--S. apiana D51
    |--S. arborescens J87
    |--S. aurea BR65
    |--S. bahorucana J87
    |--S. castanea O88
    |--S. foveolata J87
    |--S. fruticosa PT98
    |--S. hians O88
    |--S. lanigera Poiret 1817 [incl. S. controversa] BR65
    |--S. lyrata C55
    |--S. mellifera D51
    |--S. officinalis BR65
    |--S. pratensis TG88
    |--S. reflexa Hornem. 1807 PS05
    |--S. roborowskii O88
    |--S. selleana J87
    |--S. tippenhaueri J87
    |--S. tuerckheimii J87
    |--S. verbenaca [incl. S. horminoides] BR65
    `--S. viridis PT98

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae-Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[D51] Dobzhansky, T. 1951. Genetics and the Origin of Species, 3rd ed. Columbia University Press: New York.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: An introductory note. In The Himalayan Plants vol. 1 (H. Ohba & S. B. Malla, eds). The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19-46.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: Flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95-116.

[PS05] Pusalkar, P. K., D. K. Singh, P. Lakshminarasimhan & S. Singh. 2005. Salvia reflexa Hornem. (Lamiaceae)—a new record for India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47 (1-4): 153-154.

[TG88] Tepfer, D., A. Goldmann, N. Pamboukdjian, M. Maille, A. Lepingle, D. Chevalier, J. Dénarié & C. Rosenberg. 1988. A plasmid of Rhizobium meliloti 41 encodes catabolism of two compounds from root exudate of Calystegium sepium. Journal of Bacteriology 170 (3): 1153-1161.

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