Solanales

Mercury Bay weed Dichondra repens, from here.


Belongs within: Gentianidae.
Contains: Ipomoea, Merremieae, Argyreiae, Convolvulus, Cuscuta, Nicotiana, Datura, Cestrum, Solanoideae.

The Solanales is a large clade of flowering plants, with most of its members being divided between the Convolvulaceae, the morning glories and related taxa, and the Solanaceae, including nightshades, tobacco, etc. The Convolvulaceae are usually viny in habit, though there are exceptions: Humbertia, for instance, is a large tree found in Madagascar. The Dichondroideae are a small group of creeping herbs that differ from other Convolvulaceae in their possession of deeply two- or four-lobed ovaries. Solanaceae vary from herbs to small trees, often characterised by irregular insertion of the leaves, branches and flowers on the stem (www.mobot.org).

Synapomorphies (from www.mobot.org): O-methyl flavonols present; inflorescence terminal; pollen tube usually with callose; calyx persistent in fruit.

See also: My flower is a trumpet (Taxon of the Week: Solanales).

<==Solanales [Solanineae]
    |--Hydrolea [Hydroleaceae] LC02
    |--Convolvulaceae T00
    |    |  i. s.: Ipomoeeae ST98
    |    |           |--Ipomoea LC02
    |    |           `--Lepistemon binectariferum ST98
    |    |                |--L. b. var. binectariferum ST98
    |    |                `--L. b. var. borneense ST98
    |    |         Cladostigma YY22
    |    |         Quamoclit C55b
    |    |           |--Q. coccinea C55b
    |    |           `--Q. vulgaris [incl. Ipomoea quamoclit] C55b
    |    |         Rivea PP07
    |    |           |--R. hypocrateriformis PP07
    |    |           `--R. tiliaefolia [=Convolvulus tiliaefolius] C55b
    |    |         Merremieae ST98
    |    |         Wilsonia BR65
    |    |           |--W. backhousei BR65
    |    |           |--W. humilis BR65
    |    |           `--W. rotundifolia BR65
    |    |         Cresseae ST98
    |    |           |--Cressa cretica BR65
    |    |           |--Bonamia ST98
    |    |           |    |--B. semidigyna ST98
    |    |           |    `--B. spectabilis ST98
    |    |           `--Iseia luxurians ST98
    |    |         Breweria rosea BR65
    |    |         Polymeria longifolia BR65
    |    |         Pronaya fraseri GK00
    |    |         Seddera latifolia PP07
    |    |         Argyreiae ST98
    |    |         Porana [Poraneae] ST98
    |    |           |--P. paniculata KJ05
    |    |           `--P. volubilis ST98
    |    |         Erycibeae ST98
    |    |           |--Erycibe ST98
    |    |           |    |--E. malaccensis ST98
    |    |           |    |--E. paniculata P03
    |    |           |    `--E. parvifolia ST98
    |    |           `--Maripa panamensis ST98
    |    |--Humbertia [Humbertioideae] T00
    |    |--Convolvuleae ST98 [Convolvuloideae T00]
    |    |    |--Convolvulus ST98
    |    |    |--Calystegia TG88
    |    |    |    |--C. macrostegia ST98
    |    |    |    |    |--C. m. ssp. macrostegia ST98
    |    |    |    |    `--C. m. ssp. cyclostegia ST98
    |    |    |    |--C. sepium TG88 [=Convolvulus sepium BR65]
    |    |    |    |--C. soldanella [incl. C. reniformis] C55b
    |    |    |    |--C. sylvatica H59
    |    |    |    `--C. tuguriorum A27
    |    |    |--Evolvulus ST98
    |    |    |    |--E. alsinoides Linnaeus 1762 [incl. E. linifolius] BR65
    |    |    |    |--E. argyreus ST98
    |    |    |    `--E. nummularius P03
    |    |    |--Jacquemontia ST98
    |    |    |    |--J. corymbulosa ST98
    |    |    |    |--J. paniculata P03
    |    |    |    |--J. pentantha ST98
    |    |    |    |--J. reclinata ST98
    |    |    |    |--J. tamnifolia ST98
    |    |    |    `--J. tomentella ST98
    |    |    `--Odonellia hirtiflora ST98
    |    |--Cuscuta T00
    |    `--Dichondroideae [Dichondreae] T00
    |         |--Dichondra repens BR65 [incl. D. carolinensis C55b]
    |         `--Falkia repens ST98
    `--Solanaceae T00
         |  i. s.: Nicotiana LC02
         |         Cyphomandra betacea Z02
         |         Iochroma tubulosa Z02
         |         Lycianthes sanctaclarae MM96
         |         Lycopersicum BR65
         |           |--L. esculentum BR65
         |           |--L. peruvianum A02
         |           `--L. pimpinellifolium RS98
         |         Physalis BR65
         |           |--P. alkekengi BR65
         |           |--P. angulata C55b
         |           |--P. crassiflora KS98
         |           |--P. minima P88
         |           |--P. peruviana BR65
         |           `--P. viscosa BR65
         |         Mandragora PT98
         |           |--M. autumnalis PT98
         |           `--M. caulescens O88
         |         Physochlaina praealta O88
         |         Scopolia tangutica O88
         |         Atropa belladonna TG88
         |         Capsicum TG88
         |           |--C. annuum TG88
         |           |--C. chinense OC09
         |           `--C. frutescens M93
         |         Datura MM96
         |         Petunia BR65
         |           |--P. hybrida GM96
         |           |--P. inflata KS98
         |           `--P. parodii GM96
         |         Hyoscyamus BR65
         |           |--H. muticus AGF98
         |           `--H. niger BR65
         |         Withania Pauquy 1824 BR65
         |           `--W. somnifera [=Physalis somnifera] BR65
         |         Anthocercis BR65
         |           |--A. angustifolia BR65
         |           |--A. anisantha BR65
         |           |--A. frondosa (see below for synonymy) BR65
         |           |--A. littorea RL05
         |           `--A. myosotidea BR65
         |         Symonanthus aromaticus G04
         |         Salpichroa BR65
         |           |--S. diffusa HH03
         |           |--S. origanifolia HH03
         |           `--S. rhomboidea [=Atropa rhomboidea] BR65
         |         Lycium BR65
         |           |--L. afrum C55b
         |           |--L. andersoni LW70
         |           |--L. australe BR65
         |           |--L. barbarum C55b
         |           |--L. chinense BR65
         |           |--L. edgeworthii PP07
         |           |--L. ferocissimum Miers 1854 (see below for synonymy) BR65
         |           |--L. halimifolium G60
         |           |--L. horridum MM09
         |           `--L. grandicalyx CV06
         |         Anthotroche BR65
         |           |--A. blackii BR65
         |           `--A. truncata Ising. 1922 BR65
         |         Duboisia BR65
         |           |--D. hopwoodii BR65
         |           `--D. myoporoides G23
         |         Acnistus MM96
         |           |--A. arborescens HH03
         |           |--A. breviflorus HH03
         |           `--A. parviflorus HH03
         |         Brunfelsia J87
         |           |--B. latifolia C55a
         |           `--B. picardae J87
         |         Brugmania suaveolens D07
         |         Nicandra physaloides ST98, C55b
         |--Cestrum T00
         |--Goetzeoideae T00
         |--Sclerophylax [Sclerophylacoideae] T00
         |--Duckeodendron [Duckeodendroideae] T00
         `--Solanoideae T00

Anthocercis frondosa [=Cyphanthera frondosa Miers 1853; incl. Eadesia anthocercidea Mueller 1858, C. cuneata Miers 1853, Anthocercis eadesii Mueller 1861] BR65

Lycium ferocissimum Miers 1854 [incl. L. campanulatum Meyer 1843 (n. n.), L. chinense Black 1909 (preoc.)] BR65

*Type species of generic name indicated

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