Solanales

Skyblue clustervine Jacquemontia pentantha, copyright Forest & Kim Starr.


Belongs within: Lamiidae.
Contains: Cuscuta, Convolvuloideae, Dichondreae, Cresseae, Lycium, Solanoideae, Cestrum, Nicotiana.

The Solanales is a large clade of flowering plants, with most of its members being divided between the Convolvulaceae, the morning glories and related taxa, and the Solanaceae, including nightshades, tobacco, etc. The Convolvulaceae are usually viny in habit, though there are exceptions: Humbertia madagascariensis, for instance, is a large tree found in Madagascar. Solanaceae vary from herbs to small trees, often characterised by irregular insertion of the leaves, branches and flowers on the stem (www.mobot.org). Other members of the Solanales include the Montiniaceae, a small group of shrubs and small trees with small, waxy flowers and indehiscent fruits found in southern and eastern Africa. Hydrolea is a genus of semi-aquatic herbs and shrubs found in tropical Asia and the Americas.

Synapomorphies (from www.mobot.org): O-methyl flavonols present; inflorescence terminal; pollen tube usually with callose; calyx persistent in fruit.

See also: My flower is a trumpet (Taxon of the Week: Solanales).

Solanales [Solanineae]
    |--Hydrolea [Hydroleaceae] LC02
    |    `--H. zeylanica LK14
    |--Sphenoclea T00 [Sphenocleaceae APG16]
    |    `--S. pongatium C55b
    |--Montiniaceae APG16
    |    |--Grevea T00
    |    |--Kaliphora T00
    |    `--Montinia T00
    |--Convolvulaceae [Cressaceae, Erycibaceae, Humbertiaceae, Poranaceae] SAO03
    |    |  i. s.: Quamoclit C55b
    |    |           |--Q. coccinea C55b
    |    |           `--Q. vulgaris C55b
    |    |         Breweria rosea BR65
    |    |         Pronaya fraseri GK00
    |    |         Palaeipomoea fukuiensis Conwentz 1886 CBH93
    |    |         Calystegiapollis microechinatus Salard-Cheboldaeff 1975 CBH93
    |    |--Humbertia [Humbertieae, Humbertioideae] SAO03
    |    |    `--H. madagascariensis SAO03
    |    `--+--Erycibe [Erycibeae, Erycibinae, Eryciboideae] SAO03
    |       |    |--E. coccinea B00
    |       |    |--E. malaccensis ST98
    |       |    |--E. paniculata SAO03
    |       |    `--E. parvifolia ST98
    |       |--Cardiochlamyeae SAO03
    |       |    |  i. s.: ‘Porana’ commixta SAO03
    |       |    |--Cordisepalum SAO03
    |       |    |--Poranopsis SAO03
    |       |    |--Cardiochlamys madagascariensis SAO03
    |       |    |--Tridynamia SAO03
    |       |    `--Dinetus truncatus SAO03
    |       `--+--Cuscuta SAO03
    |          |--Convolvuloideae SAO03
    |          `--Dicranostyloideae [Dicranostyleae, Dicranostylinae] SAO03
    |               |--Dichondreae SAO03
    |               |--Cresseae SAO03
    |               |--Maripeae [Lysiostyleae] SAO03
    |               |    |--Dicranostyles scandens SAO03
    |               |    |--Lysiostyles SAO03
    |               |    `--Maripa SAO03
    |               |         |--M. panamensis ST98
    |               |         `--M. scandens SAO03
    |               `--Jacquemontia Choisy 1834 [Jacquemontieae] SAO03
    |                    |--J. corymbulosa ST98
    |                    |--J. paniculata ST98
    |                    |--J. pannosa LK14
    |                    |--J. pentantha SAO03
    |                    |--J. reclinata ST98
    |                    |--J. tamnifolia ST98
    |                    `--J. tomentella ST98
    `--Solanaceae SAO03
         |  i. s.: Cyphomandra betacea Z02
         |         Iochroma tubulosa Z02
         |         Lycianthes sanctaclarae MM96
         |         Mandragora ST98
         |           |--M. autumnalis PT98
         |           `--M. caulescens O88
         |         Physochlaina praealta O88
         |         Scopolia tangutica ST98, O88
         |         Atropa belladonna ST98
         |         Hyoscyamus ST98
         |           |--H. aureus F92
         |           |--H. muticus AGF98
         |           `--H. niger BR65
         |         Withania Pauquy 1824 BR65
         |           `--W. somnifera [=Physalis somnifera] BR65
         |         Anthocercis BR65
         |           |--A. angustifolia BR65
         |           |--A. anisantha BR65
         |           |--A. frondosa (see below for synonymy) BR65
         |           |--A. littorea RL05
         |           `--A. myosotidea BR65
         |         Symonanthus aromaticus G04
         |         Salpichroa BR65
         |           |--S. diffusa HH03
         |           `--S. origanifolia HH03 [incl. Atropa rhomboidea BR65, S. rhomboidea H93]
         |         Lycium MM09
         |         Anthotroche BR65
         |           |--A. blackii BR65
         |           `--A. truncata Ising. 1922 BR65
         |         Duboisia ST98
         |           |--D. hopwoodii BR65
         |           `--D. myoporoides G23
         |         Acnistus MM96
         |           |--A. arborescens HH03
         |           |--A. breviflorus HH03
         |           |--A. cauliflorus F96
         |           `--A. parviflorus HH03
         |         Brunfelsia RA07
         |           |--B. latifolia C55a
         |           |--B. picardae J87
         |           `--B. uniflora RA07
         |         Brugmania suaveolens D07
         |         Nicandra physalodes H93
         |         Jaltomata procumbens V09
         |         Salpiglossis C06
         |         Chamaesaracha H93
         |           |--C. coronopus H93
         |           `--C. nana [=Leucophysalis nana] H93
         |         Oryctes nevadensis H93
         |         Cantisolanum daturoides Reid & Chandler 1933 CBH93
         |--Goetzeoideae T00
         |--Sclerophylax [Sclerophylacoideae] T00
         |--Duckeodendron [Duckeodendroideae] T00
         |--Solanoideae T00
         `--Browallioideae [Cestroideae] T00
              |--Cestrum T00
              |--Nicotiana M99
              `--Petunia M99
                   |--P. × hybrida M99
                   |--P. inflata KS98
                   |--P. linearis V09
                   |--P. parodii GM96
                   `--P. parviflora Juss. 1803 C06

Anthocercis frondosa [=Cyphanthera frondosa Miers 1853; incl. Eadesia anthocercidea Mueller 1858, C. cuneata Miers 1853, Anthocercis eadesii Mueller 1861] BR65

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

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Last updated: 22 March 2019.

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