Angled lobelia Lobelia alata, photographed by Margaret Moir.

Belongs within: Campanulaceae.

Lobelia is a genus of herbaceous plants with resupinate flowers due to a twisted peduncle.

Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Herbs; flowers in some species dioecious by sterility of anthers in females and of small ovary in males. Sepals 5; corolla-tube slit to base on upper or posterior side, two upper lobes more deeply separated and forming more or less distinct upper lip, lower lip three-lobed, spreading, two protuberances frequently present in throat below; filaments inserted at base of corolla and often united to each other aboe middle; anthers united in an oblique ring around style; stigma two-lobed, usually with ring of collecting hairs below it and exserted beyond anthers in female or bisexual flowers; ovary two-celled; capsule opening at summit loculicidally in two valves.

    |--L. sect. Hemipogon BR65
    |    |--L. alata Labillardière 1804 [incl. L. anceps Thunberg 1794-1800 non Linnaeus 1781] BR65
    |    `--L. pratioides Bentham 1869 BR65
    `--L. sect. Holopogon BR65
         |--L. gibbosa Labillardière 1804 [incl. L. browniana, L. microsperma, L. simplicicaulis] BR65
         `--L. rhombifolia De Vriese 1845 BR65

Lobelia incertae sedis:
  L. anceps Linnaeus 1781 BR65
  L. angulata K03
  L. assurgens J87
    |--L. a. var. assurgens J87
    `--L. a. var. santa-clarae J87
  L. cardinalis K03
  L. christii JS87
  L. dortmanna HP03
  L. erectiuscula O88
  L. erinus K03
  L. fulgens D59
  L. hereroensis CV06
  L. heterophylla G04
  L. hotteana Judd & Skean 1987 JS87
  L. linnaeoides Al27
  L. rarifolia OS04
  L. robusta J87
  L. rotundifolia J87
  L. roughii An27
  L. stenophylla BR65
  L. stricta JS87
  L. tenuior GK00

*Type species of generic name indicated


[Al27] Allan, H. H. 1927. The vegetation of Mount Peel, Canterbury, New Zealand. Part 2. – The grassland and other herbaceous communities. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 73-89.

[An27] Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 905-977.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae-Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175-189.

[D59] Darwin, C. 1859. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life 1st ed. John Murray: London. (reprinted 1967. Atheneum: New York; 1968. Penguin Books: London)

[G04] Gibson, N. 2004. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 6. Mt Manning Range. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 35-47.

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323-402.

[HP03] Hauck, M., A. Paul, S. Gross & M. Raubuch. 2003. Manganese toxicity in epiphytic lichens: Chlorophyll degradation and interaction with iron and phosphorus. Environmental and Experimental Botany 49: 181-191.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[JS87] Judd, W. S., & J. D. Skean, Jr. 1987. Three new angiosperms from Parc National Pic Macaya, Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 137-150.

[K03] Kårehed, J. 2003. The family Pennantiaceae and its relationships to Apiales. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 1-24.

[OS04] Obbens, F. J., & L. W. Sage. 2004. Vegetation and flora of a diverse upland remnant of the Western Australian wheatbelt (Nature Reserve A21064). Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (1): 19-28.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: An introductory note. In The Himalayan Plants vol. 1 (H. Ohba & S. B. Malla, eds) The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19-46.

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