Blue passionflower Passiflora caerulea, photographed by Natalie G.

Belongs within: Violineae.

The Passifloraceae includes the passionflowers and related taxa. Passionflowers (Passiflora) are tendrillar climbers, many species of which are grown for their edible fruit. Other species of the Passifloraceae are herbs or woody plants.

Synapomorphies (from the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website): Cyclopentenoid cyanogenic glycosides and/or cyclopentenyl fatty acids present, cyanogenic glycosides derived from valine and isoleucine present; colleters present; calyx and corolla together forming a tube, styles separate; aril present, endotestal cells large, exotegmen palisade, endotegmen persistent; endosperm persistent, oily; biparental or paternal transmission of plastids.

    |  i. s.: Adenia SR07
    |           |--A. hondala SR07
    |           `--A. pechuelii CV06
    |         Atheranthera YY22
    |         Echinothamnus YY22
    |         Ophiocaulon YY22
    |         Tetrapathaea YY22
    |           |--T. australis A27
    |           `--T. tetrandra WH02 [=Passiflora tetrandra YY22]
    |         Paschanthus YY22
    |         Soyauxia BB07
    |--Malesherbia [Malesherbiaceae] DL07
    `--+--Turneraceae T00
       |    |--Hyalocalyx YY22
       |    |--Mathurina YY22
       |    |--Piriqueta YY22
       |    |--Streptopetalum YY22
       |    |--Wormskioldia YY22
       |    `--Turnera DL07
       |         |--T. oculata CV06
       |         |    |--T. o. var. oculata CV06
       |         |    `--T. o. var. paucipilosa CV06
       |         |--T. subulata P88
       |         `--T. ulmifolia P88
       `--+--Paropsia DL07
          `--Passiflora DL07
               |--P. caerulea BL04
               |--P. edulis H06
               |    |--P. e. f. edulis CR01
               |    `--P. e. f. flavicarpa CR01
               |--P. ekmanii J87
               |--P. foetida P88
               |--P. laurifolia P88
               |--P. mollissima Z02 [=P. tripartita var. mollissima H06]
               |--P. murucuja J87
               |--P. orbiculata J87
               |--P. sexflora J87
               |--P. suberosa H06
               `--P. subpeltata H06

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A27] Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 905-977.

[BL04] Barkman, T. J., S.-H. Lim, K. M. Salleh & J. Nais. 2004. Mitochondrial DNA sequences reveal the photosynthetic relatives of Rafflesia, the world’s largest flower. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 101 (3): 787-792.

[BB07] Bhattacharyya, P. K. & K. Bhattacharyya. 2007. A comparison of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification (2003) with system of Takhtajan (1997) and Cronquist (1988). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 95-120.

[CR01] Chagas, C. M., V. Rossetti, A. Colariccio, O. Lovisolo, E. W. Kitajima & C. C. Childers. 2001. Brevipalpus mites (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) as vectors of plant viruses. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 369-375. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175-189.

[DL07] Davis, C. C., M. Latvis, D. L. Nickrent, K. J. Wurdack & D. A. Baum. 2007. Floral gigantism in Rafflesiaceae. Science 315: 1812.

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201-222.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SR07] Sankar, R. V., K. Ravikumar, N. M. Ganesh Babu & D. K. Ved. 2007. Botany of Anapady MPCA, Palghat district, Kerala with special emphasis on species of conservation concern. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 165-172.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441-647.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1-62.

[Z02] Zhang, Z.-Q. 2002. Taxonomy of Tetranychus ludeni (Acari: Tetranychidae) in New Zealand and its ecology on Sechium edule. New Zealand Entomologist 25: 27-34.

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