Mimosoideae

Umbrella thorn acacia Acacia tortilis, photographed by Enric G.


Belongs within: Fabales.
Contains: Inga.

The Mimosoideae is a clade of leguminous plants (mostly trees or shrubs) containing the acacias and related species. Mimosoids generally have small glowers clustered into heads or spikes. The largest genus recognised in the clade has been Acacia, with about 1300 species from South America, Africa and Australia included therein; however, Acacia in this sense is now recognised as non-monophyletic and it has been divided between a number of segregate genera. Though originally named for an African species, the retypification of the genus with an Australian species has been proposed in order to retain the name for the largest of these segregates (Orchard & Maslin 2003). Acacia in this sense would include the great majority of Australian species; species from other continents would be placed in genera Vachellia and Senegalia.

Other mimosoid genera include the mesquites, Prosopis, a pantropical genus of spiny trees and shrubs that are significant parts of the vegetation of many arid regions. Members of the genus Mimosa include the sensitive plant M. pudica, so named for the way the leaves fold away when touched.

Characters (from Klitgaard & Lewis): Trees, shrubs, lianas, rarely aquatic herbs; root nodules generally present. Leaves compound, usually bipinnate or less frequently paripinnate, often with specialized "ant" glands, rarely with a tendril. Flowers radially symmetrical, usually small, aggregated into heads or spikes; sepals generally united at the base; petals valvate in bud, the median petal (similar in size and shape to the other four) not overlapped or overlapping the other four; stamens (3-)10-100(-100+), usually all similar in shape and size, filaments free or fused at the base, always exserted from the corolla. Seeds usually with an open pleurogram on each lateral surface.

<==Mimosoideae [Mimosaceae]
    |--Adenanthera pavonina P88
    |--Senegalia [=Acacia subg. Aculeiferum] OM03
    |--Inga K06
    |--Dichrostachys cinerea PP07
    |--Leucaena PP07
    |    |--L. glauca B88
    |    |--L. latisiliqua PP07
    |    `--L. leucocephala H06
    |--Pithecellobium P88
    |    |--P. dulce HSS13
    |    |--P. elegans KIW98
    |    |--P. monoliferum H42
    |    `--P. oppositifolium J87
    |--Archidendron P88
    |    |--A. ellipticum [=Pithecellobium ellipticum] P88
    |    |--A. hooglandii H03
    |    |--A. jiringa P88
    |    `--A. tenuiracemosum H03
    |--Vachellia OM03
    |    |--V. farnesiana HH03 [=Acacia farnesiana OM03]
    |    |--‘Mimosa’ nilotica [=Acacia nilotica; incl. A. scorpioides] OM03
    |    |    |--M. n. ssp. nilotica PP07
    |    |    `--‘Acacia’ n. ssp. indica PP07
    |    `--‘Acacia’ seyal OM03
    |--Mimosa MM96
    |    |--M. asperata C55
    |    |--M. hamata PP07
    |    |--M. invisa P88
    |    |--M. jacobita G09
    |    |--M. pigra H06
    |    |--M. pudica MM96
    |    |--M. rubicaulis P03
    |    `--M. sepiaria P88
    |--Albizia SK02
    |    |--A. amara RaS02
    |    |--A. falcataria R02 [=Paraserianthes falcataria P88]
    |    |--A. julibrissin WM09
    |    |--A. lebbeck H06
    |    |--A. lophantha SW03
    |    |--A. odoratissima S02
    |    `--A. procera H06
    |--Prosopis PP07
    |    |--P. caldenia MF05
    |    |--P. chilensis SN02
    |    |--P. cineraria PP07
    |    |--P. farcta HF03
    |    |--P. glandulosa H06
    |    |    |--P. g. var. glandulosa H06
    |    |    `--P. g. var. torreyana H06
    |    `--P. juliflora PP07
    |--Parkia K06
    |    |--P. auriculata K06
    |    |--P. cachimboensis K06
    |    |--P. gigantean K06
    |    |--P. gigantocarpa K06
    |    |--P. igneiflora K06
    |    |--P. nitida K06
    |    |--P. pendula K06
    |    |--P. platycephala K06
    |    `--P. speciosa CK06
    |--Desmanthus virgatus SJ73, C55 [incl. D. leptophyllus C55, D. strictus C55]
    `--Acacia Miller 1754 [=Acacia subg. Phyllodineae, Racosperma] OM03
         |--*A. penninervis [=Acacia (subg. *Phyllodineae) penninervis] OM03
         |--A. acradenia EF04
         |--A. acuminata OS04
         |--A. alata GK00
         |--A. ancistrocarpa HD04
         |--A. andrewsii G04b
         |--A. aneura B88
         |--A. applanata OS04
         |--A. aroma HH03
         |--A. ataxacantha HK98
         |--A. atkinsiana EF04
         |--A. aulacocarpa B88
         |--A. auriculiformis OM03
         |--A. baileyana H06
         |--A. biflora GK00
         |--A. binata G04b
         |--A. bivenosa EF04
         |--A. brachyclada G04b
         |--A. brachyphylla G04b
         |--A. browniana OS04
         |    |--A. b. var. browniana OS04
         |    `--A. b. var. intermedia OS04
         |--A. burrowii BW05
         |--A. castanostegia G04b
         |--A. catechu HH03
         |--A. catenulata M04
         |--A. caven HH03
         |--A. celastrifolia RL05
         |--A. cochlearis GK00
         |--A. colei OM03
         |--A. coolgardiensis G04a
         |    |--A. c. ssp. coolgardiensis G04a
         |    `--A. c. ssp. effusa G04a
         |--A. coriacea SM90
         |--A. coulteri OM03
         |--A. crassicarpa OM03
         |--A. cuneata B88
         |--A. cyclops SM06
         |--A. dealbata OM03
         |--A. decurrens OM03
         |    |--A. d. var. decurrens B88
         |    `--A. d. var. pauciglandulosa B88
         |--A. deficiens G04b
         |--A. discolor B88
         |--A. drepanolobium Ru-S02
         |--A. elata H06
         |--A. erinacea OS04
         |--A. evenulosa G04b
         |--A. extensa RL05
         |--A. ferruginea RaS02
         |--A. floribunda B88
         |--A. glauca MM96
         |--A. greggii DD06
         |--A. hamersleyensis EF04
         |--A. harpophylla M04
         |--A. hemiteles G04b
         |--A. heterochroa G04b
         |    |--A. h. ssp. heterochroa G04b
         |    `--A. h. ssp. robertii G04b
         |--A. heterophylla C55
         |--A. holosericea B12
         |--A. homalophylla W95
         |--A. horrida G17
         |--A. huegelii GK00
         |--A. implexa H06
         |--A. inaequilatera EF04
         |--A. incurva GK00
         |--A. intricata G04b
         |--A. iteaphylla GFS97
         |--A. kempeana G04a
         |--A. koa HH03
         |    |--A. k. var. koa HH03
         |    `--A. k. var. latifolia HH03
         |--A. laricina GK00
         |--A. lasiocalyx OS04
         |--A. lasiocarpa SM06
         |    |--A. l. var. lasiocarpa OS04
         |    `--A. l. var. sedifolia OS04
         |--A. leucophloea RaS02
         |--A. ligulata B05
         |--A. linophylla G04a
         |--A. longifolia B88
         |--A. macracantha OA02
         |--A. macrostachya GC05
         |--A. maideni B88
         |--A. maitlandii EF04
         |--A. mangium OM03
         |--A. marramamba EF04
         |--A. mearnsii OM03
         |--A. melanoxylon OM03
         |--A. merrallii G04b
         |--A. microbotrya OS04
         |--A. moirii G04b
         |    |--A. m. ssp. moirii G04b
         |    `--A. m. ssp. recurvistipula G04b
         |--A. mollissima W95
         |--A. montis-usti CV06
         |--A. myrtifolia GK00
         |--A. neriifolia GCC02
         |--A. nervosa GK00
         |--A. neurophylla G04a
         |--A. nubica B88
         |--A. orthocarpa HD04
         |--A. oswaldii MM09
         |--A. pachyacra CC03
         |--A. paradoxa H06
         |--A. pendula B88
         |--A. pennata HK98
         |--A. pennatula HH03
         |--A. pentadenia GK00
         |--A. peregrinalis OM03
         |--A. planifrons RaS02
         |--A. plectocarpa B12
         |--A. podalyriifolia H06
         |--A. poliochroa G04b
         |--A. prainii G04b
         |--A. pruinocarpa EF04
         |--A. pulchella SM06
         |    |--A. p. var. pulchella OS04
         |    |--A. p. var. glaberrima OS04
         |    `--A. p. var. goadbyi GK00
         |--A. pycnantha B88
         |--A. pyrifolia HD04
         |--A. quadrimarginea G04a
         |--A. quinquenervia G04b
         |--A. raddiana HF03 [=A. tortilis ssp. raddiana AGF98]
         |--A. ramulosa G04a
         |--A. retinodes E65
         |    |--A. r. var. retinodes E65
         |    `--A. r. var. oraria Black ex Eardley 1965 E65
         |--A. rivalis B88
         |--A. robusta BCS02
         |--A. robynsiana CV06
         |--A. rostellifera SM06
         |--A. saligna OM03
         |--A. sclerosperma EF04
         |--A. senegal Ru-S02
         |--A. singula G04b
         |--A. smallii HH03
         |--A. sophorae B88 [=A. longifolia var. sophorae H02]
         |--A. stenophylla M04
         |--A. stenoptera RL05
         |--A. stowardii EF04
         |--A. sulcata G04b
         |    |--A. s. var. sulcata G04b
         |    `--A. s. var. platyphylla G04b
         |--A. tetragonophylla G04a
         |--A. tetraneura G04b
         |--A. tortilis AGF98
         |--A. uncinella G04b
         |--A. unifissilis G04b
         |--A. urophylla GK00
         |--A. varia GK00
         |--A. victoriae M04
         |--A. visco HH03
         |--A. willdenowiana GK00
         |--A. xiphophylla EF04
         |--A. yorkrakinensis G04b
         `--A. zanzibarica Ru-S02

Nomen nudum: Acacia latipes Gibson & Keighery 2000 GK00

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

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