Indian snakeroot Rauvolfia serpentina, photographed by Arvind Kadus.

Belongs within: Apocynaceae.

The Vinceae is a clade within the Apocynaceae containing the periwinkles (Vinca and Catharanthus) and related taxa. It was defined by Sennblad & Bremer (2002) as the largest clade containing Vinca and Rauvolfia but not Alyxieae, Aspidospermeae, Carisseae, Hunterieae, Melodineae, Plumerieae, Tabernaemontaneae, Willughbeieae or Apocynoidina. Members of the Vinceae have a style head with a stigmatic hollow and upper and lower hair wreaths (except in some species of Ochrosia), a nectar disk, and a linear hilum on the seed (Sennblad & Bremer 2002). They include the periwinkles of the genera Catharanthus and Vinca, herbs and subshrubs with salverform flowers of which a number of species have become distributed around the world in association with humans.

    |  i. s.: Laxoplumeria SB02
    |         Neisosperma SB02
    |         Tonduzia Pittier 1908 SB02, KC01
    |--Kopsia fruticosa SB02
    `--+--Ochrosia SB02
       |    |--O. coccinea SB02
       |    `--O. elliptica H09
       `--+--Rauvolfia SB02
          |    |--R. mannii SB02
          |    |--R. nitida J87
          |    |--R. serpentina SR07
          |    `--R. viridis SWK87
          `--+--Catharanthus roseus SB02 [=Lochnera rosea P88, Vinca rosea P88]
             |    |--C. r. var. roseus C16
             |    `--‘Vinca rosea’ var. alba C16
             `--Vinca SB02
                  |--V. major C55
                  `--V. minor SB02

*Type species of generic name indicated


[C16] Cambage, R. H. 1916. Notes on the native flora of tropical Queensland. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 49 (3): 389–447, pls 57–61.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SR07] Sankar, R. V., K. Ravikumar, N. M. Ganesh Babu & D. K. Ved. 2007. Botany of Anapady MPCA, Palghat district, Kerala with special emphasis on species of conservation concern. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 165–172.

[SB02] Sennblad, B., & B. Bremer. 2002. Classification of Apocynaceae s.l. according to a new approach combining Linnaean and phylogenetic taxonomy. Systematic Biology 51 (3): 389–409.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

Last updated: 4 January 2019.

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