Ocimeae

American mint Hyptis suaveolens, photographed by Nirmal Roberts.


Belongs within: Lamiaceae.

The Ocimeae is a clade within the Lamiaceae including basils (Ocimum spp.), lavenders (Lavandula spp.) and related taxa. Monophyly of the group is supported by the presence of dorsiflexed synthecous anthers (Paton et al. 2004). Ocimum species are used as culinary herbs, while Lavandula species are significant sources of essential oils.

<==Ocimeae
    |--Lavandula BR65 [Lavandulinae HPR03]
    |    |--L. angustifolia MH98
    |    |--L. dentata BR65
    |    |--L. latifolia KIW98
    |    |--L. multifida Linnaeus 1753 DSA03
    |    |--L. stoechas BR65
    |    `--L. vera C55a
    `--+--Ocimum MH98 [Ociminae HPR03]
       |    |--O. americanum S03
       |    |--O. basilicum MH98
       |    |--O. canum PP07
       |    |--O. sanctum BB07
       |    `--O. tenuiflorum J07
       |--Hanceolinae [Hanceoleae] HPR03
       |    |--Isodon HPR03
       |    |--Hanceola HPR03
       |    `--Siphocranion HPR03
       |--Plectranthus L’Her. 1788 [incl. Perrierastrum Guillaumin 1930; Plectranthinae] HPR03
       |    |--P. bipinnatus Paton in Harley, Paton & Ryding 2003 (see below for synonymy) HPR03
       |    |--P. comosus H06
       |    |--P. dinteri CV06
       |    |--P. parviflorus BR65
       |    |--P. schizophyllus HPR03
       |    `--P. unguentarius CV06
       `--Hyptis K03 [Hyptidinae HPR03]
            |--H. atrorubens C55b
            |--H. brevipes C55b
            |--H. capitata K03
            |--H. mutabilis J87
            |--H. obtusifolia C55b
            |--H. pectinata C55b
            |--H. schusteri J87
            |--H. spicata C55b
            |--H. spicigera C55b
            `--H. suaveolens C55b

Plectranthus bipinnatus Paton in Harley, Paton & Ryding 2003 [=*Perrierastrum oreophilum Guillaumin 1930 non Plectranthus oreophilus] HPR03

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB07] Baishya, A. K. & P. J. Bora. 2007. Cross community ethno-medico botany of Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve, Assam. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 121-154.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae-Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175-189.

[DSA04] Dayrat, B., C. Schander & K. A. Angielczyk. 2004. Suggestions for a new species nomenclature. Taxon 53 (2): 485-491.

[HPR03] Harley, R. M., A. J. Paton & O. Ryding. 2003. New synonymy and taxonomic changes in the Labiatae. Kew Bulletin 58: 485-489.

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201-222.

[J07] Jadhav, D. 2007. Ethno-medicinal plants used by Bhil tribe of Matrunda, district Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh, India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 203-206.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[KIW98] Kearns, C. A., D. W. Inouye & N. M. Waser. 1998. Endangered mutualisms: the conservation of plant-pollinator interactions. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 83-112.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81-98.

[MH98] Morikawa, H., A. Higaki, M. Nohno, M. Takahashi, M. Kamada, M. Nakata, G. Toyohara, Y. Okamura, K. Matsui, S. Kitani, K. Fujita, K. Irifune & N. Goshima. 1998. More than a 600-fold variation in nitrogen dioxide assimilation among 217 plant taxa. Plant, Cell and Environment 21: 180-190.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P. & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 15-78.

Paton, A. J., D. Springate, S. Suddee, D. Otieno, R. J. Grayer, M. M. Harley, F. Willis, M. S. J. Simmonds, M. P. Powell & V. Savolainen. 2004. Phylogeny and evolution of basils and allies (Ocimeae, Labiatae) based on three plastid DNA regions. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31 (1): 277-299.

[S03] Sharma, N. K. 2003. Ocimum americanum L.—a plant remedy used in appendicitis by the tribals of south east Rajasthan. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1-4): 203-208.

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