Sapotales

Euclea natalensis, copyright JMK.


Belongs within: Ericales.
Contains: Diospyros, Sideroxyloideae.

The name Sapotales is used here for a proposed grouping of Ebenaceae and Sapotaceae, as recognised by Thorne (2000), though these families are included by recent authors in the Ericales. As such, it is a pantropical group of trees and shrubs, with leaves usually alternate in Sapotaceae and opposite in Ebenaceae. Members of both families are grown for their fruit, such as persimmons (Diospyros kaki and D. virginiana) and sapota (Manilkara zapota).

<==Sapotales [Ebenales]
    |--Lissocarpa [Lissocarpaceae] T00
    |--Ebenaceae T00
    |    |  i. s.: ‘Tricolporopollenites’ milonii CBH93
    |    |--Royena T00
    |    |--Maba humilis C16
    |    |--Rhaphedanthe YY22
    |    |--Tetraclis YY22
    |    |--Diospyros K06
    |    |--Diospyrocarpum (Criê) Vaudois-Mieja 1980 CBH93
    |    |--Diospyropsis Korovin 1956 CBH93
    |    `--Euclea JK80
    |         |--E. asperrima CV06
    |         |--E. divinorum JK80
    |         `--E. natalensis JK80
    `--Sapotaceae T00
         |  i. s.: Magodendron H03
         |         Sarcosperma YY22
         |         Diploknema YY22
         |         Labatia YY22
         |         Pouteria YY22
         |           |--P. adolfi-friederici E09
         |           |--P. multiflora SWK87
         |           |--P. ramiflora H11
         |           `--P. sapota H90
         |         Lucunia YY22
         |         Cephalocarpum YY22
         |         Sapota achras C55b
         |         Achras sapota K06
         |         Neohemsleya DL94
         |         Dipholis cubensis J87
         |         Northia fasculata JK80
         |         Palaquium amboinense JK80
         |         Lucuma YY22
         |           |--L. caimito C55b
         |           |--L. mammosa [=Achras mammosa] C55b
         |           `--L. salisifolia BT87
         |         Manilkara K06
         |           |--M. bidentata SWK87
         |           `--M. zapota K06
         |         Chrysophyllum J87
         |           |--C. argenteum J87
         |           |--C. cainito H90
         |           `--C. mexicanum F11
         |         Madhuca JK80
         |           |--M. butyraceae JK80
         |           `--M. indica J07
         |         Mimusops K02
         |           |--M. browniana G26
         |           |--M. elengi JK80
         |           `--M. obovata K02
         |         Bumelia JK80
         |           |--B. excelsa C55a
         |           |--B. socorroensis HSS13
         |           |--B. subintegra J87
         |           `--B. tenax JK80
         |         Micropholis J87
         |           |--M. chrysophylloides SWK87
         |           |--M. garciniaefolia SWK87
         |           `--M. polita JS87
         |                |--M. p. ssp. polita JS87
         |                `--M. p. ssp. hotteana Judd 1986 JS87
         |         Sersalisia sericea LK14
         |         Isonandra gutta C06
         |         Bassia parkii C06
         |         Sapotacites sideroxyloides Ettingshausen 1853 CBH93
         |         Isonandrophyllum CBH93
         |         Sapoticarpum rotundatum CBH93
         |         Sapotispermum sheppeyense CBH93
         |         Sapotaceoidaepollenites robustus CBH93
         |         Amorphospermum H90
         |           |--A. antilogum [=Chrysophyllum antilogum] H90
         |           `--A. whitei H90
         |         Niemeyera chartacea [=Lucuma chartacea, Chrysophyllum chartaceum] H90
         |         Boerlagella Cogn. 1891 KC01
         |         Cornuella Pierre 1891 KC01
         |         Imbricaria Juss. 1789 KC01
         `--Sideroxyloideae A61

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[BT87] Baker, E. W., & D. M. Tuttle. 1987. The false spider mites of Mexico (Tenuipalpidae: Acari). United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1706: 1–237.

[C16] Cambage, R. H. 1916. Notes on the native flora of tropical Queensland. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 49 (3): 389–447, pls 57–61.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[CBH93] Collinson, M. E., M. C. Boulter & P. L. Holmes. 1993. Magnoliophyta (‘Angiospermae’). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 809–841. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[DL94] Dinesen, L., T. Lehmberg, J. O. Svendsen, L. A. Hansen & J. Fjeldså. 1994. A new genus and species of perdicine bird (Phasianidae, Perdicini) from Tanzania, a relict form with Indo-Malayan affinities. Ibis 136: 2–11.

[E09] Ensermu K. 2009. Three new species of Acanthaceae from Ethiopia. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 57–65.

[F11] Fraga, R. M. 2011. Family Icteridae (New World blackbirds). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 684–807. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[G26] Girault, A. A. 1926. New pests from Australia. II. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 200–202).

[H90] Harden, G. J. (ed.) 1990. Flora of New South Wales vol. 1. New South Wales University Press.

[H03] Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10 (1): 311–449.

[H11] Hilty, S. L. 2011. Family Thraupidae (tanagers). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 46–329. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[HSS13] Hirschfeld, E., A. Swash & R. Still. 2013. The World's Rarest Birds. Princeton University Press: Princeton (New Jersey).

[J07] Jadhav, D. 2007. Ethno-medicinal plants used by Bhil tribe of Matrunda, district Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh, India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 203–206.

[JK80] John, J., & K.-P. Kolbe. 1980. The systematic position of the “Theales” from the viewpoint of serology. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 8: 241–248.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[JS87] Judd, W. S., & J. D. Skean Jr. 1987. Three new angiosperms from Parc National Pic Macaya, Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 137–150.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[K02] Krüger, M. 2002. Revision of the Afrotropical Ennominae of the Drepanogynis group IV: the genus Drepanogynis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Transvaal Museum Monograph 13: 1–220.

[K06] Kwiecinski, G. G. 2006. Phyllostomus discolor. Mammalian Species 801: 1–11.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441–647.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1–62.

Last updated: 26 June 2020.

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