Euapocynoidina

Parsonsia straminea, photographed by Tony Rodd.


Belongs within: Apocynoidina.
Contains: Asclepiadoidina.

The Euapocynoidina were defined by Sennblad & Bremer (2002) as the largest clade within Apocynaceae including Apocynum and Echites but not Malouetieae, Wrightieae or Nerieae. They are united by the possession of anthers that are adnate to the style head both by the retinacle and by the thecae (Sennblad & Bremer 2002). As well as more traditionally apocynaceous taxa, the euapocynoids include the milkwort clade Asclepiadacina, previously treated by many authors as a separate family Asclepiadaceae.

Euapocynoidina
    |--Mesechiteae SB02
    |    |--Mesechites trifida SB02
    |    `--Mandevilla SB02
    |         |--M. laxa [incl. M. suaveolens] BR65
    |         `--M. sanderi SB02
    |--Apocyneae SB02
    |    |  i. s.: Chonemorpha fragrans SB02, SR07
    |    |--Aganosma marginata SB02
    |    `--+--Apocynum SB02
    |       |    |--A. cannabinum SB02
    |       |    `--A. venetum C55
    |       `--+--Beaumontia grandiflora SB02
    |          `--+--Trachelospermum jasminoides SB02
    |             `--Rhabdadenia biflora SB02
    |--+--Periploceae [Periplocaceae, Periplocoideae] SB02
    |  |    |  i. s.: Cryptostegia grandiflora PP07
    |  |    |         Utleria salicifolia SR07
    |  |    |         Hemidesmus indicus UB06
    |  |    |--Cryptolepideae SB02
    |  |    |    |--Pentopetia SB02
    |  |    |    `--Cryptolepis buchananii KJ05
    |  |    |--+--Parquetina nigrescens SB02
    |  |    |  `--Petopentia natalensis SB02
    |  |    `--+--Periploca SB02
    |  |       |    |--P. graeca SB02
    |  |       |    `--P. laevigata ES06
    |  |       `--+--Mondia ecornuta SB02
    |  |          `--Tacazzea apiculata SB02
    |  `--Echiteae SB02
    |       |  i. s.: Echites biflora SB02, C55
    |       |--+--Peltastes peltatum SB02
    |       |  `--Prestonia quinquangularis SB02
    |       `--Parsonsia SB02
    |            |--P. capsularis A27
    |            |    |--P. c. var. capsularis A27
    |            |    `--P. c. var. rosea A27
    |            |--P. curvisepala H03
    |            |--P. heterophylla SB02
    |            `--P. straminea P82
    `--Asclepiadacina [Asclepiadaceae] SB02
         |  i. s.: Finlaysonia obovata P88
         |         Cynanchum BR65
         |           |--C. acutum AGF98
         |           |--C. floribundum BR65
         |           |--C. leptocladum J87
         |           |--C. meyeri CV06
         |           `--C. vincetoxicum BR65
         |         Pentagonium Schauer 1843 FT93
         |         Rhyncharrhena linearis G04
         |         Sarcostemma BR65
         |           |--S. australe BR65
         |           `--S. viminale PP07
         |         Pentatropis BR65
         |           |--P. atropurpurea Mueller 1869 BR65
         |           |--P. kempeana Mueller 1882 [=Daemia kempeana] BR65
         |           |--P. quinquepartita Mueller 1869 BR65
         |           `--P. spiralis PP07
         |         Leptadenia PP07
         |           |--L. hastata GC05
         |           |--L. pyrotechnica PP07
         |           `--L. reticulata PP07
         |         Pergularia daemia PP07
         |         Gymnema SR07
         |           |--G. khandalense SR07
         |           `--G. sylvestre P03
         |         Holostemma annulare P03
         |--+--Baissea leonensis SB02
         |  `--Asclepiadoidina SB02
         `--Secamoneae [Secamonoideae] SB02
              |--Pervillea SB02
              `--Secamone SB02
                   |--S. afzelii SB02
                   `--S. geayi SB02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AGF98] Abd El-Ghani, M. M., & A. G. Fahmy. 1998. Composition of and changes in the spontaneous flora of Feiran Oasis, S Sinai, Egypt, in the last 60 years. Willdenowia 28: 123-134.

[A27] Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 905-977.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae-Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175-189.

[ES06] Erber, D., & M. Schöller. 2006. Revision of the Cryptocephalus-species of the Canary Islands and Madeira (Insecta, Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Cryptocephalinae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 86 (1): 85-107.

[FT93] Fensome, R. A., F. J. R. Taylor, G. Norris, W. A. S. Sarjeant, D. I. Wharton & G. L. Williams. 1993. A classification of living and fossil dinoflagellates. Micropaleontology Special Publication 7: i-viii, 1-351.

[G04] Gibson, N. 2004. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 6. Mt Manning Range. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 35-47.

[GC05] Granjon, L., J.-F. Cosson, E. Quesseveur & B. Sicard. 2005. Population dynamics of the multimammate rat Mastomys huberti in an annually flooded agricultural region of central Mali. Journal of Mammalogy 86 (5): 997-1008.

[H03] Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: Vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10 (1): 311-449.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[KJ05] Katewa, S. S., A. Jain, B. L. Chaudhary & P. Galav. 2005. Some unreported medicinal uses of plants from the tribal area of Southern Rajasthan. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47 (1-4): 121-130.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P. & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 15-78.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1-4): 121-142.

[P82] Pickard, J. 1982. Catastrophic disturbance and vegetation on Little Slope, Lord Howe Island. Australian Journal of Ecology 7: 161-170.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SR07] Sankar, R. V., K. Ravikumar, N. M. Ganesh Babu & D. K. Ved. 2007. Botany of Anapady MPCA, Palghat district, Kerala with special emphasis on species of conservation concern. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 165-172.

[SB02] Sennblad, B., & B. Bremer. 2002. Classification of Apocynaceae s.l. according to a new approach combining Linnaean and phylogenetic taxonomy. Systematic Biology 51 (3): 389-409.

[UB06] Udayan, P. S. & I. Balachandran. 2006. Cleistanthus sankunnianus Sivar. & Indu Balach.—a rare and little known endemic plant rediscovered from wild populations in Kollam district of Kerala state, India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 48 (1-4): 217-218.

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