The New Zealand geoduc Panope zelandica, photographed by Graham Bould.

Belongs within: Bivalvia.

Panope, geoducks, are a genus of bivalves found from the Late Cretaceous to the present day in Europe, North America and the South Pacific. Some species are prized as food.

Characters (from Cox et al. 1969): Medium-sized to large, elongate, gaping, beaks subcentral; ligamental nymph large, high; pallial sinus wide.

<==Panope Ménard 1807 [=Panopea] F27a
    |--P. agnewi F27a
    |--P. angusta Nyst 1836 F27b
    |--P. ‘angusta’ (d’Orbigny 1850) non Nyst 1836 [=Pleuromya angusta] F27b
    |--P. awaterensis F27a
    |--P. clausa F27a
    |--P. hedleyi Finlay 1927 [=P. angusta Hedley 1915 nec Nyst 1836 nec Pleuromya angusta Agassiz 1845] F27b
    |--P. malvernensis F27a
    |--P. orbita F27a
    |--P. ralphi Finlay 1927 F27a
    |--P. worthingtoni F27a
    `--P. zelandica F27a

*Type species of generic name indicated


Cox, L. R., N. D. Newell et al. 1969. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt N. Bivalvia vol. 2. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320-485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488-533.

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