Kohekohe Dysoxylum spectabile, photographed by Phil Bendle.

Belongs within: Meliaceae.

The Guareeae are a pantropical assemblage of trees recognised as a tribe within the family Meliaceae. Molecular phylogenetic analyses have indicated that the Guareeae as previously recognised are paraphyletic to the tribe Aglaieae (Muellner et al. 2006). A number of species in the clade are used as timber trees such as the rose mahoganies of the genus Dysoxylum and the pink mahoganies of Guarea. Chisocheton is an Indo-Australian genus with large pinnate leaves and narrow, extended flowers with a cylindrical staminal tube and long style (Stevens 1978).

    |--Heckeldora staudtii MS06
    |--+--Ruagea pubescens MS06
    |  `--Guarea MS06
    |       |--G. glabra MS06
    |       |--G. guidonia RS99
    |       |--G. macrophylla LR02
    |       |    |--G. m. ssp. macrophylla LR02
    |       |    `--G. m. ssp. tuberculata LR02
    |       |--G. ramiflora SWK87
    |       |--G. silvatica F11
    |       |--G. sphenophylla J87
    |       `--G. trichilioides SWK87
    `--+--Cabralea canjerana MS06
       |--Synoum glandulosum MS06
       |--Dysoxylum Blume 1825 MS06, A61
       |    |--D. acutangulum LK14
       |    |--D. angustifolium P88
       |    |--D. cauliflorum P88
       |    |--D. fraserianum WO92
       |    |--D. gaudichaudianum MS06
       |    |--D. latifolium LK14
       |    |--D. malabaricum SR07
       |    |--D. rufum WS98
       |    |--D. spectabile (Forster) Hooker 1864 (see below for synonymy) A61
       |    `--D. variabile [incl. D. nymanianum, Chisocheton sogerensis Bak. f. 1923] S78
       |--+--Anthocarapa nitidula MS06
       |  `--Aglaieae MS06
       |       |--Aphanamixis polystachya MS06
       |       `--+--+--Lansium domesticum MS06 [=Aglaia domesticum KTG03; incl. A. dokoo KTG03]
       |          |  `--Reinwardtiodendron kinabulense MS06
       |          `--Aglaia MS06
       |               |--A. eleagnoidea MS06
       |               |--A. rivularis K03
       |               |--A. salicifolia P88
       |               |--A. sapindina WO95
       |               `--A. teysmanniana H03
       `--Chisocheton MS06
            |--C. aenigmaticus H03
            |--C. biroi Harms in Sch. & Laut. 1905 (n. d.) S78
            |--C. caroli Harms 1942 S78
            |--C. ceramicus (Miq.) DC. 1878 (see below for synonymy) S78
            |--C. formicarum Harms 1942 S78
            |--C. gliroides Stevens 1975 S78
            |--C. lamekotensis Harms in Diels 1928 (n. d.) S78
            |--C. lasiocarpus (Miq.) Val. 1907 [=Dysoxylum lasiocarpum Miq. 1868] S78
            |--C. ledermannii Harms 1942 (n. d.) S78
            |--C. longistipitatus (Bailey) Smith 1959 (see below for synonymy) S78
            |--C. macrophyllus King 1895 S78
            |--C. montanus Stevens 1975 S78
            |--C. morobeanus Harms 1942 S78
            |--C. novobritannicus Stevens 1975 S78
            |--C. novoguineensis DC. 1903 (see below for synonymy) S78
            |--C. oreophilus Harms 1942 (n. d.) S78
            |--C. pachyrhachis Harms in Sch. & Laut. 1901 [incl. C. gjellerupii Harms 1942] S78
            |--C. pohlianus Harms in Diels 1917 S78
            |--C. sapindinus Stevens 1975 S78
            |--C. sayeri (DC.) Stevens 1975 [incl. Dasycoleum sayeri DC. 1903] S78
            |    |--C. s. var. sayeri (see below for synonymy) S78
            |    `--C. s. var. pilosus (DC.) Stevens 1975 [=C. pilosus DC. 1910] S78
            |--C. schlechteri Harms 1942 S78
            |--C. schoddei Stevens 1975 S78
            |--C. schumannii DC. 1910 (see below for synonymy) S78
            |--C. stellatus Stevens 1975 S78
            |--C. tenuis Stevens 1975 S78
            |--C. torricelliensis Harms 1942 (n. d.) S78
            |--C. trichocladus Harms 1942 S78
            |--C. versteegii DC. 1910 S78
            `--C. weinlandii Harms in Sch. & Laut. 1905 (see below for synonymy) S78

Chisocheton ceramicus (Miq.) DC. 1878 [=Schizocheton ceramicum Miq. 1868; incl. C. doctersii Harms 1942, C. pachycalyx Harms 1942, C. peekelianus Harms 1928] S78

Chisocheton longistipitatus (Bailey) Smith 1959 [=Castanospora longistipitata Bailey 1899; incl. Ch. polyanthus Harms 1901] S78

Chisocheton novoguineensis DC. 1903 [incl. C. forbesii DC. 1903, Dasycoleum forbesii Bak. f. & Norman 1923, C. myrmecophilus Merr. & Perry 1940] S78

Chisocheton sayeri (DC.) Stevens 1975 var. sayeri [incl. C. acariaeanthus Harms 1942, C. archboldianus Merr. & Perry 1940, C. erythranthus Merr. & Perry 1940, C. graciliflorus Harms 1942, C. leptopetalus Harms 1942] S78

Chisocheton schumannii DC. 1910 [incl. C. lauterbachii Harms 1901, Melioschinza macrophylla Sch. 1889, C. macrophyllus (Sch.) Harms 1896 non King 1895] S78

Chisocheton weinlandii Harms in Sch. & Laut. 1905 [incl. C. boridianus Harms 1942, C. eurycalyx Harms 1942, C. frutescens DC. 1914, C. multijugis var. glabrior DC. 1910, C. multijugis DC. 1910] S78

Dysoxylum spectabile (Forster) Hooker 1864 [=Trichilia spectabilis Forster 1786, Hartighsea spectabilis Juss. 1830] A61

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[F11] Fraga, R. M. 2011. Family Icteridae (New World blackbirds). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 684–807. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[H03] Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10 (1): 311–449.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[KTG03] Kiew, R., L. L. Teo & Y. Y. Gan. 2003. Assessment of the hybrid status of some Malesian plants using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism. Telopea 10 (1): 225–233.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81–98.

[LR02] Lago, J. H. G., & N. F. Roque. 2002. Terpenes from the essential oil of the leaves of Guarea macrophylla Vahl. ssp. tuberculata Vellozo (Meliaceae). Journal of Essential Oil Research 14: 12–13.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[MS06] Muellner, A. N., V. Savolainen, R. Samuel & M. W. Chase. 2006. The mahogany family "out-of-Africa": divergence time estimation, global biogeographic patterns inferred from plastid rbcL DNA sequences, extant, and fossil distribution of diversity. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 236–250.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[RS99] Rossman, A. Y., G. J. Samuels, C. T. Rogerson & R. Lowen. 1999. Genera of Bionectriaceae, Hypocreaceae and Nectriaceae (Hypocreales, Ascomycetes). Studies in Mycology 42: 1–248.

[SR07] Sankar, R. V., K. Ravikumar, N. M. Ganesh Babu & D. K. Ved. 2007. Botany of Anapady MPCA, Palghat district, Kerala with special emphasis on species of conservation concern. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 165–172.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

[S78] Stevens, P. F. 1978. Meliaceae. In: Womersley, J. S. (ed.) Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea vol. 1 pp. 135–174. Melbourne University Press: Carlton South (Australia).

[WO92] Walter, D. E., & D. J. O'Dowd. 1992. Leaf morphology and predators: effect of leaf domatia on the abundance of predatory mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Environmental Entomology 21 (3): 478–484.

[WO95] Walter, D. E., & D. J. O'Dowd. 1995. Beneath biodiversity: factors influencing the diversity and abundance of canopy mites. Selbyana 16 (1): 12–20.

[WS98] Walter, D. E., O. Seeman, D. Rodgers & R. L. Kitching. 1998. Mites in the mist: how unique is a rainforest canopy-knockdown fauna? Australian Journal of Ecology 23: 501–508.

Last updated: 8 August 2021.

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