Andropogoneae

Sudan grass Sorghum sudanense, from here.


Belongs within: Panicoideae.

The Andropogoneae are a tribe of C4 grasses characterised by the possession of paired spikelets with bracts present outside the spikelets (Grass Phylogeny Working Group 2001). This tribe includes a number of economically significant crops such as maize Zea mays and sugarcane Saccharum officinarum. Members of the genus Sorghum are grown for their grains in many drier parts of the world. Miscanthus species are grown as ornamentals and for biofuel. Andropogon includes a number of significant pasture species; A. gerardii is a dominant grass species in North American tallgrass prairie.

<==Andropogoneae [Andropogineae]
    |--Saccharinae M99
    |    |--Eulalia M99
    |    |    |--E. annua LK14
    |    |    |--E. aurea M99
    |    |    |--E. fastigiata KYK07
    |    |    |--E. mackinlayi LK14
    |    |    |--E. phaeothrix S03
    |    |    `--E. trispicata S03
    |    `--Saccharum GPWG01
    |         |--S. bengalense VB02
    |         |--S. narenga HU08
    |         |--S. officinarum K03
    |         |--S. ravennae GR98
    |         |--S. robustum C78
    |         |--S. rufipilus D07
    |         |--S. sinense C55
    |         |--S. spontaneum HU08
    |         `--S. violaceum C55
    `--Sorghinae M99
         |--Dichanthium M99
         |    |--D. annulatum PP07
         |    |--D. fecundum LK14
         |    |--D. foveolatum PP07
         |    |--D. ischaemum [=Botriochloa ischaemum] H91
         |    |--D. oliganthum S03
         |    |--D. sericeum GCC02
         |    |    |--D. s. ssp. sericeum LK14
         |    |    |--D. s. ssp. humilius LK14
         |    |    `--D. s. ssp. polystachyum LK14
         |    `--D. tenuiculum M99
         `--Sorghum GPWG01
              |--S. amplum LK14
              |--S. bicolor GPWG01
              |--S. ecarinatum LK14
              |--S. halepense H06
              |--S. intrans M99
              |--S. laxiflorum LK14
              |--S. plumosum WF01
              |--S. stipoideum LK14
              |--S. sudanense MR01
              |--S. timorense LK14
              `--S. vulgare M93

Andropogoneae incertae sedis:
  Miscanthus GPWG01
    |--M. floridulus C78
    |--M. japonicus GPWG01
    |--M. nepalensis S03
    `--M. sinensis GPWG01
         |--M. s. var. sinensis GPWG01
         `--M. s. var. gracillimus GPWG01
  Andropogon GPWG01
    |--A. bicornis J87
    |--A. brevifolius C55
    |--A. capillipes M83
    |--A. distachyon C74
    |--A. foveolatus CS77
    |--A. gayanus LK14
    |--A. gerardii GPWG01
    |--A. glomeratus J87
    |    |--A. g. var. glomeratus J87
    |    `--A. g. var. pumilus J87
    |--A. kelleri TGL-S08
    |--A. leucostachyus J87
    |--A. lividus S03
    |--A. longipes S03
    |--A. munroi O88
    |--A. saccharoides BB01
    |--A. scoparius NC01
    `--A. urbanianus J87
  Zea mays Linnaeus 1753 M99, CD07
    |--Z. m. ssp. mays GPWG01
    `--Z. m. ssp. mexicana GPWG01

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB01] Bauer, R., D. Begerow, A. Nagler & F. Oberwinkler. 2001. The Georgefischeriales: a phylogenetic hypothesis. Mycological Research 105 (4): 416–424.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[C78] Clunie, N. M. U. 1978. The vegetation. In: Womersley, J. S. (ed.) Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea vol. 1 pp. 1–11. Melbourne University Press: Carlton South (Australia).

[C74] Coineau, Y. 1974. Éléments pour une monographie morphologique, écologique et biologique des Caeculidae (Acariens). Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, nouvelle série, Série A, Zoologie 81: 1–299, 24 pls.

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[D07] Dash, S. S. 2007. Useful plants of Kabi Sacred Grove, Sikkim. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 79-88.

[GCC02] Grant, C. D., C. J. Campbell & N. R. Charnock. 2002. Selection of species suitable for derelict mine site rehabilitation in New South Wales, Australia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 139: 215–235.

[GPWG01] Grass Phylogeny Working Group. 2001. Phylogeny and subfamilial classification of the grasses (Poaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 88 (3): 373–457.

[GR98] Greuter, W., & T. Raus (eds) 1998. Med-Checklist Notulae, 17. Willdenowia 28: 163–174.

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201–222.

[HU08] Hore, U., & V. P. Uniyal. 2008. Diversity and composition of spider assemblages in five vegetation types of the Terai Conservation Area, India. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 251–258.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255–260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[KYK07] Khan, M. R., P. S. Yadava & A. Kikim. 2007. Additions to the flora of Manipur. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1–4): 215–218.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81–98.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M99] Matthews, M. 1999. Heliothine Moths of Australia: A guide to bollworms and related noctuid groups. CSIRO Publishing.

[M93] Mockford, E. L. 1993. North American Psocoptera (Insecta). Sandhill Crane Press, Inc.

[MR01] Morton, J. B., & D. Redecker. 2001. Two new families of Glomales, Archaeosporaceae and Paraglomaceae, with two new genera Archaeospora and Paraglomus, based on concordant molecular and morphological characters. Mycologia 93 (1): 181–195.

[M83] Myers, R. L. 1983. Site susceptibility to invasion by the exotic tree Melaleuca quinquenervia in southern Florida. Journal of Applied Ecology 20: 645–658.

[NC01] Nekola, J. C., & B. F. Coles. 2001. Systematics and ecology of Gastrocopta (Gastrocopta) rogersensis (Gastropoda: Pupillidae), a new species of land snail from the Midwest of the United States of America. Nautilus 115 (3): 105–114.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: an introductory note. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19–46.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1–4): 15–78.

[S03] Singh, J. N. 2003. Grasses and their hydro-edaphic characteristics in the grassland habitat of Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve, Tamil Nadu. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1–4): 143–164.

[TGL-S08] Thulin, M., D. Goyder & S. Liede-Schumann. 2008. Cibirhiza spiculata (Apocynaceae), a remarkable new species from eastern Ethiopia. Kew Bulletin 63 (4): 617–624.

[VB02] Vijay, S. K., & T. N. Bhardwaja. 2002. Vegetation and phenodynamics of wetlands of central Rajasthan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 573–581.

[WF01] Woinarski, J. C. Z., A. Fisher, K. Brennan, I. Morris & R. Chatto. 2001. Patterns of bird species richness and composition on islands off Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. Austral Ecology 26: 1–13.

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