Andropogoneae

Sudan grass Sorghum sudanense, from here.


Belongs within: Panicoideae.
Contains: Andropogon.

The Andropogoneae are a tribe of C4 grasses characterised by the possession of paired spikelets with bracts present outside the spikelets (Grass Phylogeny Working Group 2001). This tribe includes a number of economically significant crops such as maize Zea mays and sugarcane Saccharum officinarum. Members of the genus Sorghum are grown for their grains in many drier parts of the world. Miscanthus species are grown as ornamentals and for biofuel. Andropogon includes a number of significant pasture species; A. gerardii is a dominant grass species in North American tallgrass prairie. Cogongrass Imperata cylindrica is a dominant plant species in disturbed habitats in many warmer regions of the Old World and has also become an invasive species outside its native range.

<==Andropogoneae [Andropogineae]
    |--Saccharinae M99
    |    |--Eulalia M99
    |    |    |--E. annua LK14
    |    |    |--E. aurea M99
    |    |    |--E. fastigiata KYK07
    |    |    |--E. mackinlayi LK14
    |    |    |--E. phaeothrix S03
    |    |    `--E. trispicata S03
    |    `--Saccharum GPWG01
    |         |--S. bengalense VB02
    |         |--S. narenga HU08
    |         |--S. officinarum M99
    |         |--S. ravennae [=Erianthus ravennae] H93
    |         |--S. robustum C78
    |         |--S. rufipilus D07
    |         |--S. sinense C55
    |         |--S. spontaneum HU08
    |         `--S. violaceum C55
    `--Sorghinae M99
         |--Dichanthium M99
         |    |--D. annulatum BB01
         |    |--D. aristatum C-R80
         |    |--D. fecundum LK14
         |    |--D. foveolatum PP07
         |    |--D. ischaemum [=Botriochloa ischaemum] H91
         |    |--D. oliganthum S03
         |    |--D. sericeum GCC02
         |    |    |--D. s. ssp. sericeum LK14
         |    |    |--D. s. ssp. humilius LK14
         |    |    `--D. s. ssp. polystachyum LK14
         |    `--D. tenuiculum M99
         `--Sorghum MR01
              |--S. amplum LK14
              |--S. bicolor [incl. S. lanceolatum, S. virgatum] H93
              |--S. dochna F92
              |--S. ecarinatum LK14
              |--S. halepense F92
              |--S. intrans M99
              |--S. laxiflorum LK14
              |--S. plumosum WF01
              |--S. stipoideum LK14
              |--S. sudanense MR01
              |--S. timorense LK14
              |--S. verticilliflorum B00
              `--S. vulgare M99

Andropogoneae incertae sedis:
  Miscanthus GPWG01
    |--M. floridulus C78
    |--M. japonicus GPWG01
    |--M. nepalensis S03
    |--M. purpureus S00
    `--M. sinensis GPWG01
         |--M. s. var. sinensis GPWG01
         `--M. s. var. gracillimus GPWG01
  Andropogon TGL-S08
  Zea mays Linnaeus 1753 M99, CD07
    |--Z. m. ssp. mays GPWG01
    `--Z. m. ssp. mexicana GPWG01
  Imperata C06
    |--I. arundinacea S06
    |    |--I. a. var. arundinacea CA27
    |    |--I. a. var. condensata S06
    |    `--I. a. var. koenigii CA27
    |--I. brasiliensis RJ11
    |--I. brevifolia H93
    |--I. cheesemanii Hack. 1903 C06
    |--I. cylindrica B12 [=Lagurus cylindricus S06]
    `--I. exaltata C06
  Rottboellia S06
    |--R. cochinchinensis B00
    |--R. compressa S06
    |    |--R. c. var. compressa S06
    |    `--R. c. var. fasciculata S06
    `--R. formosa T08
  Elionurus S06
    |--E. candidus S06
    |--E. muticus RJ11
    `--E. viridulus Hackel in Stuckert 1906 S06
  Trachypogon montufari (see below for synonymy) S06
  Sorghastrum V72
    |--S. nutans BB01
    `--S. setosum RJ11
  Euchlaena V72
    |--E. mexicana V72
    `--E. perennis D81

Trachypogon montufari [=Andropogon montufari; incl. T. plumosus (Nees) O. K. 1898, A. secundus, T. polymorphus var. montufari subvar. secundus] S06

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

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[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 1. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[B12] Braby, M. F. 2012. The butterflies of El Questro Wilderness Park, with remarks on the taxonomy of the Kimberley fauna, Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 27 (2): 161–175.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[C78] Clunie, N. M. U. 1978. The vegetation. In: Womersley, J. S. (ed.) Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea vol. 1 pp. 1–11. Melbourne University Press: Carlton South (Australia).

[CA27] Cockayne, L., & H. H. Allan. 1927. Notes on New Zealand floristic botany, including descriptions of new species, &c. (No. 5). Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 48–72.

[C-R80] Corpuz-Raros, L. A. 1980. Philippine Oribatei (Acarina). V. Scheloribates Berlese and related genera (Oribatulidae). Kalikasan 9 (2–3): 169–245.

[D07] Dash, S. S. 2007. Useful plants of Kabi Sacred Grove, Sikkim. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 79–88.

[D81] Day, D. 1981. The Doomsday Book of Animals: A unique natural history of three hundred vanished species. Ebury Press: London.

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[GCC02] Grant, C. D., C. J. Campbell & N. R. Charnock. 2002. Selection of species suitable for derelict mine site rehabilitation in New South Wales, Australia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 139: 215–235.

[GPWG01] Grass Phylogeny Working Group. 2001. Phylogeny and subfamilial classification of the grasses (Poaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 88 (3): 373–457.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[HU08] Hore, U., & V. P. Uniyal. 2008. Diversity and composition of spider assemblages in five vegetation types of the Terai Conservation Area, India. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 251–258.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255–260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[KYK07] Khan, M. R., P. S. Yadava & A. Kikim. 2007. Additions to the flora of Manipur. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 215–218.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M99] Matthews, M. 1999. Heliothine Moths of Australia: A guide to bollworms and related noctuid groups. CSIRO Publishing.

[MR01] Morton, J. B., & D. Redecker. 2001. Two new families of Glomales, Archaeosporaceae and Paraglomaceae, with two new genera Archaeospora and Paraglomus, based on concordant molecular and morphological characters. Mycologia 93 (1): 181–195.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[RJ11] Rising, J. D., A. Jaramillo, J. L. Copete, P. G. Ryan & S. C. Madge. 2011. Family Emberizidae (buntings and New World sparrows). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 428–683. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[S00] Siddiqi, M. R. 2000. Tylenchida: Parasites of plants and insects 2nd ed. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[S03] Singh, J. N. 2003. Grasses and their hydro-edaphic characteristics in the grassland habitat of Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve, Tamil Nadu. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 143–164.

[S06] Stuckert, T. 1906. Segunda contribución al conocimiento de las gramináceas Argentinas. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, serie 3, 6: 409–555.

[TGL-S08] Thulin, M., D. Goyder & S. Liede-Schumann. 2008. Cibirhiza spiculata (Apocynaceae), a remarkable new species from eastern Ethiopia. Kew Bulletin 63 (4): 617–624.

[T08] Turner, F. 1908. Notes and exhibits. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 344.

[VB02] Vijay, S. K., & T. N. Bhardwaja. 2002. Vegetation and phenodynamics of wetlands of central Rajasthan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 573–581.

[V72] Voss, E. G. 1972. Michigan Flora. Part I. Gymnosperms and Monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium.

[WF01] Woinarski, J. C. Z., A. Fisher, K. Brennan, I. Morris & R. Chatto. 2001. Patterns of bird species richness and composition on islands off Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. Austral Ecology 26: 1–13.

Last updated: 22 March 2020.

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