Litiopidae


Individual of Alaba phasianella, photographed by Leon Altoff.


Belongs within: Cerithioidea.

The Litiopidae are a family of small marine gastropods found in shallow waters on algae and sea-grasses.

Characters (from Houbrick 1988): Epipodial tentacles present. Radula lacking lateral basal extensions on rachidial tooth. Oviduct with seminal receptacle on lateral lamina, short sperm gutter. Euspermatozoa with midpieces comprising axoneme with two large and two small midpiece elements.

<==Litiopidae [Litiopina, Litiopinae]
    |--Litiopa Rang 1829 O27
    |    `--*L. bombyx Rang 1829 [incl. L. melanostoma Rang 1829] O27
    `--Alaba Adams 1862 O27
         |--*A. trivericosa O27
         |--A. catalinensis Bartsch 1920 O27
         |--A. flammea (Pease 1867) (see below for synonymy) H09
         |--A. goniochila (Adams 1860) [=Styliferina goniochila] H09
         |--A. jeanettae Bartsch 1910 O27
         |--A. phasianella Angas 1867 H09
         `--A. semistriata Philippi 1849 H09

Alaba flammea (Pease 1867) [=Rissoa flammea non Sabanaea flammea Frauenfeld 1867 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.)] H09

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

Houbrick, R. S. 1988. Cerithioidean phylogeny. Malacological Review Supplement 4: 88-128.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II, pt. III. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

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