Valves of Gafrarium pectinatum, from here.

Belongs within: Veneridae.

Gafrarium is a genus of venerid bivalves with its highest diversity in the Indo-Pacific.

Characters (from Gardner 1947): Shell rather small but heavy, transversely oval or subtrigonal, equivalve, subequilateral. Umbones low, not conspicuous. External sculpture concentric, radial or reticulate. Lunule and escutcheon fairly well differentiated. Ligament external, seated on a nymph. Hinge of each valve with three simple or feebly sulcated cardinals; anterior lateral of left valve received between lamellae of right. Adductor impressions rounded or slightly elongate. Pallial line simple or sinuated; inner margins smooth or denticulate.

    |--G. angasi (Smith 1885) [=Circe angasi] H09
    |--G. australe (Sowerby 1851) [=Circe australis] H09
    |--G. bullatum (Sowerby 18510 [=Cytherea bullata] H09
    |--G. callipygum (Born 1780) (see below for synonymy) BD86
    |--G. coxeni (Smith 1884) [=Cytherea coxeni] H09
    |--G. jucundum (Smith 1885) [=Circe jucunda] H09
    |--G. lenticulare (Deshayes 1854) [=Cytherea lenticularis] H09
    |--G. navigatum Hedley 1906 H09
    |--G. obliquissimum (Smith 1885) [=Circe obliquissima] H09
    |--G. pectinatum (Linnaeus 1758) BD86 [=Venus pectinata H09]
    |--G. rivulare (Born 1778) [=Venus rivularis] H09
    |--G. scriptum (Linnaeus 1758) [=Venus scripta] H09
    |--G. tumidum Bolten 1789 H09
    `--G. yerburyi (Smith 1891) [=Cytherea yerburyi] H09

Gafrarium callipygum (Born 1780) [=Venus callipyga, Circe callipyga, Cytherea callipyga; incl. Cytherea arabica (Lamarck 1818), Gafrarium arabicum, Lioconcha arabica] BD86

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BD86] Barash, A., & Z. Danin. 1986. Further additions to the knowledge of Indo-Pacific Mollusca in the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrants). Spixiana 9 (2): 117-141.

Gardner, J. 1947. The molluscan fauna of the Alum Bluff group of Florida. United States Department of the Interior, Geological Survey, Professional Paper 142.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

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