Diplatys sp., from here.

Belongs within: Forficulida.
Contains: Anisolabididae, Eudermaptera.

The Neodermaptera are the crown group of the earwigs, dating back to the late Jurassic or early Cretaceous. They are readily distinguished from other living insects by the cerci being modified into a large pair of forceps at the end of the abdomen; they also have the front wings modified into a small pair of hardened veinless tegmina under which the hind wings are folded when not in use. Other characteristic features include the absence of ocelli, three-segmented tarsi, and a reduced ovipositor in females (Grimaldi & Engel 2005).

See also: Wigs and wings and other things.

<==Neodermaptera [Dermaptoria, Forficulomorpha, Holodermaptera, Labiduroidea]
    |  i. s.: Labiduromma S02
    |--Protodermaptera GE05
    |    |--Karschiella RD77 [Karschiellinae, Karschielloidea GE05]
    |    `--Pygidicranidae [Catadermaptera, Pygidicranida, Pygidicranoidea, Pygidiocranidae] GE05
    |         |  i. s.: Araripelabia S02
    |         |         Tagalina TW05
    |         |         Bormansia Verhoeff 1902 NW03
    |         |         Haplodiplatys Hincks 1955 NW03
    |         |         Lobodiplatys Kirby 1891 NW03
    |         |         Burmapygia resinata GE05
    |         |--Austroblandex [Blandicinae] RK91
    |         |    `--A. bituberculatus RK91
    |         |--Echinosomatinae NW03
    |         |    |--Echinosoma Audinet-Serville 1839 NW03
    |         |    |    `--E. sumatranum (Haan 1842) (see below for synonymy) H40
    |         |    `--Archaeosoma Zhang 1994 NW03
    |         |         `--*A. serratum Zhang 1994 NW03
    |         |--Pygidicraninae RK91
    |         |    |--Cranopygia daemeli RK91
    |         |    |--Dacnodes shortridgei RK91
    |         |    |--Kalocrania H40
    |         |    |--Acrania H40
    |         |    `--Pygidicrana P92
    |         `--Diplatys Audinet-Serville 1831 NW03 [Diplatyidae, Diplatyinae S02]
    |              |--D. bormansi Burr 1910 H40
    |              |--D. gerstaeckeri RD77
    |              |--D. hainanensis Hincks 1940 H40
    |              |--D. liberatus Burr 1910 H40
    |              |--D. longisetosa A99
    |              `--D. (Syndiplatys) protoflavicollis Sakai & Fujiyama 1989 RJ93
    `--Epidermaptera [Anisolabidoidea, Forficuloidea] GE05
         |--+--Apachyidae [Apachyinae, Apachyoidea] GE05
         |  |    |--Dendroiketetes novaeguineae TW05
         |  |    `--Apachyus GE05
         |  |         |--A. depressus GE05
         |  |         |--A. peterseni C91
         |  |         `--A. queenslandica ZS10
         |  `--Hemimeridae [Dermodermaptera, Diploglossata, Hemimerina, Hemimeroidea, Hemimeromorpha] GE05
         |       |--Areomerus GE05
         |       `--Hemimerus Walker 1871 A71
         |            |--*H. talpoides Walker 1871 A71
         |            |--H. bouvieri RK91
         |            |--H. morrisi A71
         |            `--H. vosseleri RK91
         `--+--Anisolabididae GE05
            `--+--Eudermaptera GE05
               `--Labiduridae [Labidurinae] GE05
                    |  i. s.: Forcipula decolyi Bormans 1900 NW03
                    |         Allosthetus Verhoeff 1903 NW03
                    |           `--A. lombokianum Verhoeff 1904 NW03
                    |         Doru TW05
                    |           |--D. davisi GE05
                    |           |--D. lineare (Eschscholtz 1822) [=Forficula linearis] R18
                    |           `--D. spiculiferum TW05
                    |--Spondox Burr 1914 B14 [Psalinae H40]
                    |    `--*S. sarasini Burr 1914 B14
                    |--Platylabia [Platylabiinae] H40
                    |    `--P. major Dohrn 1867 [incl. P. sparattoides Bormans 1900] H40
                    `--Labidurinae G70
                         |--Nala lividipes G70
                         `--Labidura S02
                              |--L. electrina P92
                              |--L. herculeana [incl. L. loveridgei] S02
                              |--L. riparia (Pallas 1773) [=Forficula riparia] H40
                              |--L. truncata RK91 [=L. riparia truncata M83]
                              `--L. xanthopus [incl. Demogorgon batesi] R15

Echinosoma sumatranum (Haan 1842) [=Forficula (Echinosoma) sumatranum; incl. E. westermanni Dohrn 1863] H40

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[A99] Ax, P. 1999. Das System der Metazoa II. Ein Lehrbuch der phylogenetischen Systematik. Gustav Fisher Verlag: Stuttgart (translated: 2000. Multicellular Animals: The phylogenetic system of the Metazoa vol. 2. Springer).

[B14] Burr, M. 1914. Les Dermaptères de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Loyalty. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1 pt 4 pp. 315–324, pl. 9. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[C91] CSIRO. 1991. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[G70] Giles, E. T. 1970. Dermaptera (earwigs). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 306–313. Melbourne University Press.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H40] Hincks, W. D. 1940. Dermaptera (earwigs) from Hainan Island. Notes d'Entomologie Chinoise 8 (2): 29–40.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[NW03] Nel, A., A. Waller, V. Albouy, J.-J. Menier & G. de Ploëg. 2003. New fossil earwigs from the lowermost Eocene amber of Paris Basin (France) (Insecta, Dermaptera, family incertae sedis). Geodiversitas 25 (1): 119–129.

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

[R15] Rehn, J. A. G. 1915. A further contribution to the knowledge of the Orthoptera of Argentina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 270–292.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[RK91] Rentz, D. C. F., & D. K. McE. Kevan. 1991. Dermaptera (earwigs). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 360–368. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms' General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S02] Shcherbakov, D. E. 2002. Order Forficulida Latreille, 1810. The earwigs and protelytropterans (=Dermaptera DeGeer, 1773 +Protelytroptera Tillyard, 1931). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 288–291. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240–257.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P., & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia 3rd ed. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

Last updated: 18 May 2022.

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