Neodermaptera


The seashore earwig Anisolabis littorea, photographed in captivity by Fredrik Haljesgard (haljeszoo at yahoo.se).


Belongs within: Forficulida.
Contains: Eudermaptera.

Dating back to the late Jurassic or early Cretaceous, the Neodermaptera are the crown group of the earwigs. They are readily distinguished from other living insects by the cerci being modified into a large pair of forceps at the end of the abdomen; they also have the front wings modified into a small pair of hardened tegmina under which the hind wings are folded when not in use.

See also: Wigs and wings and other things.

Characters (from Grimaldi & Engel 2005): Ocelli absent; tegmina without veins; ovipositor reduced; tarsi with three segments.

<==Neodermaptera [Forficulomorpha]
    |  i. s.: Labiduromma S02
    |--Protodermaptera GE05
    |    |--Karschiellinae S02 [Karschielloidea GE05]
    |    `--Pygidicranidae [Pygidicranoidea] GE05
    |         |  i. s.: Araripelabia S02
    |         |         Tagalina TW05
    |         |         Bormansia Verhoeff 1902 NW03
    |         |         Haplodiplatys Hincks 1955 NW03
    |         |         Lobodiplatys Kirby 1891 NW03
    |         |         Burmapygia resinata GE05
    |         |--Diplatys Audinet-Serville 1831 NW03 [Diplatyinae S02]
    |         `--Echinosomatinae NW03
    |              |--Echinosoma Audinet-Serville 1839 NW03
    |              `--Archaeosoma Zhang 1994 NW03
    |                   `--*A. serratum Zhang 1994 NW03
    `--Epidermaptera [Forficuloidea] GE05
         |--+--Apachyidae GE05
         |  |    |--Dendroiketetes novaeguineae TW05
         |  |    `--Apachyus depressus GE05
         |  `--Hemimeridae [Dermodermaptera, Diploglossata, Hemimerina, Hemimeroidea, Hemimeromorpha] GE05
         |       |--Areomerus GE05
         |       `--Hemimerus Walker 1871 A71
         |            |--*H. talpoides Walker 1871 A71
         |            `--H. morrisi A71
         `--+--Psalinae B14
            |    |--Spondox Burr 1914 B14
            |    |    `--*S. sarasini Burr 1914 B14
            |    `--Anisolabis GE05
            |         |--A. annulipes B14
            |         |--A. laittorea O81
            |         `--A. maxima B14
            `--+--Eudermaptera GE05
               `--Labiduridae GE05
                    |  i. s.: Forcipula decolyi Bormans 1900 NW03
                    |         Allosthetus Verhoeff 1903 NW03
                    |           `--A. lombokianum Verhoeff 1904 NW03
                    |         Doru TW05
                    |           |--D. davisi GE05
                    |           `--D. spiculiferum TW05
                    |         Labidura S02
                    |           |--L. herculeana [incl. L. loveridgei] S02
                    |           `--L. riparia M83
                    |                |--L. r. riparia M83
                    |                `--L. r. truncata M83
                    `--Brachylabinae B14
                         |--Brachylabis canaca Burr 1914 B14
                         |--Nannisolabis B14
                         |    |--N. forficula Burr 1914 B14
                         |    `--N. geniculata (Montrouzier 1864) [=Chelidura geniculata] B14
                         `--Antisolabis B14
                              |--A. arripiens Burr 1914 B14
                              |--A. forficula B14
                              |--A. holdhausi B14
                              |--A. rouxi Burr 1914 B14
                              `--A. transiens Burr 1914 B14

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B14] Burr, M. 1914. Les Dermaptères de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Loyalty. In Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1, Heft IV (F. Sarasin & J. Roux, eds) pp. 315-324, pl. 9. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: An annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1-98.

[NW03] Nel, A., A. Waller, V. Albouy, J.-J. Menier & G. de Ploëg. 2003. New fossil earwigs from the lowermost Eocene amber of Paris Basin (France) (Insecta, Dermaptera, family incertae sedis). Geodiversitas 25 (1): 119-129.

[O81] O'Brien, C. O. 1981. A. A. Book of New Zealand Wildlife: A guide to the native and introduced animals of New Zealand. Lansdowne Press: Auckland.

[S02] Shcherbakov, D. E. 2002. Order Forficulida Latreille, 1810. The earwigs and protelytropterans (=Dermaptera DeGeer, 1773 +Protelytroptera Tillyard, 1931). In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 288-291. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240-257.

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