Archidermaptera


The Late Jurassic Microdiplatys campodeiformis, from Grimaldi & Engel (2005).


Belongs within: Forficulida.

The Archidermaptera are a basal, fossil group within the Dermaptera (earwigs) known from the late Triassic to the early Cretaceous. The group is defined solely by plesiomorphic characters and may be paraphyletic. Archidermapterans had the shortened, hardened forewings (tegmina) of modern earwigs, but the tegmina still retained some veins and the cerci had not yet been modified into the forceps characteristic of modern earwigs.

Characters (from Grimaldi & Engel 2005): Tegmina veined; ovipositor well-developed; cerci long and multi-segmented; tarsi five-segmented.

<==Archidermaptera
    |--Turanoviidae GE05
    |--Dermapteridae [Dermapterinae] GE05
    |--Sinopalaeodermatidae Z02
    |    |--Sinopalaeodermata Zhang 2002 Z02
    |    |    `--*S. neimonggolensis Zhang 2002 Z02
    |    `--Jurassimedeola Zhang 2002 Z02
    |         `--*J. orientalis Zhang 2002 Z02
    |--Longicerciatidae Z02
    |    |--Sinostaphylina nanligezhuangensis Hong & Wang 1990 Z02
    |    `--Longicerciata Z02
    |         |--L. mesozoica Zhang 1994 NW03
    |         `--L. rumpens Zhang 1994 Z02
    `--Protodiplatyidae [Protodiplateinae, Protodiplateoidea, Protodiplateomorpha] Z02
         |--Baseopsis forficulina S02
         |--Asiodiplatys speciosus S02
         |--Microdiplatys GE05
         |    |--M. campodeiformis GE05
         |    `--M. perfectus Vishniakova 1985 Z02
         `--Protodiplatys Z02
              |--*P. fortis Martynov 1925 Z02
              `--P. mongoliensis S02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[NW03] Nel, A., A. Waller, V. Albouy, J.-J. Menier & G. de Plo√ęg. 2003. New fossil earwigs from the lowermost Eocene amber of Paris Basin (France) (Insecta, Dermaptera, family incertae sedis). Geodiversitas 25 (1): 119-129.

[S02] Shcherbakov, D. E. 2002. Order Forficulida Latreille, 1810. The earwigs and protelytropterans (=Dermaptera DeGeer, 1773 +Protelytroptera Tillyard, 1931). In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 288-291. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[Z02] Zhang, J.-F. 2002. The most primitive earwigs (Archidermaptera, Dermaptera, Insecta) from the Upper Jurassic of Nei Monggol Autonomous Region, northeastern China. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica 19 (4): 348-362.

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