Oribatulidae

Lucoppia burrowsi, copyright Charley Eiseman.


Belongs within: Oripodoidea.
Contains: Phauloppia, Oribatula (Oribatula), Oribatula (Zygoribatula), Paraphauloppia (Paraphauloppia), Maculobates, Liebstadia, Totobates.

The Oribatulidae are a diverse group of oribatid mites with reduced pteromorphs. The composition of the family has been subject to some fluidity. Lee (1991) recognised a number of the taxa previously included in the Oribatulidae as a separate family, Crassoribatulidae, on the basis of leg chaetotaxy (specifically the presence in Oribatulidae sensu stricto of seta v2 on femur II), but this division has not been accepted by all subsequent authors. Indeed, Subías (2004) treated some genera treated by Lee as belonging to separate families as synonymous. Also of uncertain position are the Liebstadiinae which possess small but immovable pteromorphs.

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Length 250-900 µm. Prodorsum curving over gnathosoma, covering chelicerae dorsally; rostrum rounded. Bothridium inserted anterior to notogastral margin. Prolamella, sublamella, tutorium and pleural carinae absent. Chelicerae with two setae. Distal eupathidia on palptarsus not in same plane. Pteromorphs or humeral projections absent. Posterior notogastral tectum absent. Sternal furrow absent. Adanal setation three pairs. Marginoventral porose areas present. Tarsus I without dorsal porose area.

<==Oribatulidae
    |--Capilloppiinae [Capilloppiidae] L92
    |    |--Lunoribatula Mahunka 1982 L92, S04
    |    |    `--*L. polygonata Mahunka 1982 S04
    |    `--Capilloppia Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
    |         |--*C. capillata Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
    |         |--C. hessei (Jacot 1940) [=Oribatula hessei] S04
    |         `--C. smithersi (Jacot 1940) [=Oribatula smithersi] S04
    |--Oribatulinae [Fovoribatulinae] L91
    |    |--Phauloppia L92
    |    |--Oribatula Berlese 1896 S04
    |    |    |--O. (Oribatula) S04
    |    |    `--O. (Zygoribatula) S04
    |    |--Paraphauloppia Hammer 1967 L91, S04
    |    |    |--P. (Paraphauloppia) S04
    |    |    `--P. (Monophauloppia Balogh 1988) S04
    |    |         `--P. (*M.) planissima Balogh 1988 S04
    |    |--Spinoppia Higgins & Woolley 1966 L92
    |    |    `--*S. magniserrata Higgins & Woolley 1966 S04
    |    |--Jornadia Wallwork & Weems 1984 L92, S04 [incl. Woolleybates Balogh & Balogh 1984 S04]
    |    |    |--*J. larreae Wallwork & Weems 1984 S04
    |    |    |--J. dactyloscopica (Balogh & Mahunka 1968) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    `--J. longipilis Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1991 S04
    |    `--Lucoppia Berlese 1908 S04 [incl. Romanobates Feider, Vasiliu & Calugar 1970 S04, LB91]
    |         |--L. burrowsi (Michael 1890) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |         |--L. nicora Djaparidze 1986 S04
    |         |--L. orientalis Djaparidze 1985 S04
    |         |--L. ornata Berlese 1916 S04
    |         `--L. reticulata (Feider, Vasiliu & Calugar 1970) [=*Romanobates reticulatus BB92a]
    `--Liebstadiinae [Liebstadiidae] CH98
         |--Maculobates S04
         |--Liebstadia NB-P09
         |--Totobates S04
         |--Angullozetes Hammer 1967 S04
         |    `--*A. rostratus Hammer 1967 S04
         |--Berndibula Mahunka 2000 S04
         |    `--*B. bisculpturata Mahunka 2000 S04
         |--Haloribatula Schuster 1957 S04
         |    `--*H. tenareae Schuster 1957 S04
         |--Poroscheloribates Arillo, Gil-Martín & Subías 1994 S04
         |    `--*P. canariensis Arillo, Gil-Martín & Subías 1994 S04
         |--Cordiozetes Mahunka 1983 [incl. Mixoribatula Mahunka 1987] S04
         |    |--*C. clavisetus Mahunka 1983 S04
         |    `--C. olahi Mahunka 1987 [=C. (Mixoribatula) olahi] S04
         `--Reductobates Balogh & Mahunka 1966 [incl. Ingella Hammer 1967] S04
              |--*R. humeratus Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
              |--R. bicolor (Hammer 1973) [=Ingella bicolor] S04
              |--R. brassi Balogh 1970 S04
              |--R. bullager (Hammer 1967) S04 [=*Ingella bullager BB92a]
              `--R. latiohumeralis Hammer 1972 S04

Oribatulidae incertae sedis:
  Grandjeania Balogh 1963 [incl. Grandjeanella Balogh 1961 non Southcott 1961] S04
    `--*G. bicaudata (Balogh 1961) [=Grandjeanella bicaudata] S04
  Phauloppiella Subías 1977 S04
    |--*P. striata Subías 1977 S04
    `--P. glabra Mahunka 1987 S04
  Neolucoppia Tseng 1984 S04
    `--*N. luculenta Tseng 1984 S04
  Megatrichobates Grobler 2000 S04
    |--*M. striatus Grobler 2000 S04
    `--M. longisetosus Grobler 2000 S04
  Ovobates Mahunka 1994 S04
    `--*O. subnitidus (Berlese 1913) [=Micreremus subnitidus] S04
  Diphauloppia Balogh & Balogh 1984 S04
    `--*D. luminosa (Hammer 1973) [=Subphauloppia luminosa] S04
  Subphauloppia Hammer 1967 S04
    |--*S. dentonyx Hammer 1967 S04
    |--S. endroedyi Mahunka 1985 S04
    |--S. glabra Hammer 1973 S04
    `--S. lamellata Mahunka 1985 S04
  Paraleius Travé 1960 NB-P09, S04
    |--*P. (Paraleius) leontonycha (Berlese 1910) [=Oribella leontonycha] BB92a
    |--P. (Metaleius Travé 1960) S04
    |    `--P. (*M.) strenzkei (Travé 1960) [=*Metaleius strenzkei] S04
    `--P. (Wallworkiella Hammer 1979) S04
         `--P. (*W.) nasalis (Hammer 1979) [=*Wallworkiella nasalis] S04

Jornadia dactyloscopica (Balogh & Mahunka 1968) S04 [=Oribatula dactyloscopica S04, *Woolleybates dactyloscopia BB92a]

Lucoppia burrowsi (Michael 1890) S04 [=Notaspis burrowsi S04; incl. Zygoribatula apletosa Higgins & Woolley 1975 S04, Zetes lucorum Berlese 1892 non Koch 1841 S04, *Lucoppia lucorum S04, Oppia lucorum G48, Romanobates maiensis Choi 1995 S04, Notaspis pectinata Hall 1912 non Michael 1885 S04, Eremaeus sanremensis Oudemans 1900 S04, Zygoribatula spinosissima Mihelčič 1956 S04, Lucoppia spinosissima BB92b]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB92a] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992a. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[BB92b] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992b. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 2. Plates. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[G48] Grandjean, F. 1948. Au sujet des aires poreuses respiratoires portées par les pattes chez les oribates (acariens). Bulletin Biologique de la France et de la Belgique 82 (1): 24–30.

[L91] Lee, D. C. 1991. A modified classification of the Oripodoidea (Acarida: Cryptostigmata) based on a preliminary phylogenetic model. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 233–238. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[L92] Lee, D. C. 1992. New species of Oribatulidae (Acarida: Cryptostigmata: Planofissurae) from South Australian soils, with a review of subfamilies and Australian records. Records of the South Australian Museum 26 (1): 37–49.

[LB91] Lee, D. C. & C. M. Birchby. 1991. Ceroribatula gen. nov., Fovoribatula gen. nov. and Fovoribatulinae sf. nov. (Acarida: Cryptostigmata: Oribatulidae) from South Australian soils. Records of the South Australian Museum 24 (2): 71–89.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

Oripodidae

Oripoda pinicola, from here.


Belongs within: Oripodoidea.

The Oripodidae are a group of oribatid mites with strongly truncate, usually three-clawed tarsi (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009). They exhibit a reduction in the number of genito-anal setae with most species having three or fewer pairs of genital setae (Balogh & Balogh 1992a).

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Length 250-550 µm. Prodorsum not curved over gnathosoma, rostral tectum not completely covering chelicerae dorsally. Bothridium inserted lateroposteriorly, posterior to level of anterior notogastral margin. Octotaxic system with four pairs of saccules. Posterior notogastral tectum absent. 1-3 pairs of genital setae. Tarsi, particularly tarsus I, strongly truncate; pretarsi tridactylous.

<==Oripodidae [Birobatidae, Oripodinae, Pirnodidae]
    |--Gymnobatoides Woolley 1966 S04
    |    `--*G. longus (Ewing 1909) [=Gymnobates longus] S04
    |--Subpirnodus Mahunka 1988 S04
    |    `--*S. mirabilis Mahunka 1988 S04
    |--Anoripoda Sellnick 1959 S04
    |    `--*A. nasalis Sellnick 1959 S04
    |--Gymnobates Banks 1902 S04
    |    `--*G. glaber Banks 1902 S04
    |--Huarpescopes Fernández, Monetti & Martínez 1995 S04
    |    `--*H. cryophilus (Fernández 1989) [=Pirnodus cryophilus] S04
    |--Pteroripoda Balogh & Mahunka 1974 S04
    |    |--*P. minutissima Balogh & Mahunka 1974 S04
    |    `--P. perennis Mahunka 1996 S04
    |--Scriptoripoda Balogh 1985 S04
    |    |--*S. excellens Balogh 1985 S04
    |    `--S. tenorioae Balogh 1985 S04
    |--Cryptoribatula Jacot 1934 [incl. Euaella Hammer 1973] S04
    |    |--*C. taishanensis Jacot 1934 S04
    |    `--C. euaensis Hammer 1973 [incl. *Euaella gitteae Hammer 1973 BB92a, S04]
    |--Cosmopirnodus Balogh 1970 S04
    |    |--*C. pulcherrimus Balogh 1970 S04
    |    |--C. angulatus Ichisawa & Aoki 1998 S04
    |    `--C. tridactylus Mahunka 1988 S04
    |--Brachyoripoda Balogh 1970 S04
    |    |--*B. foveolata Balogh 1970 S04
    |    |--B. minima Mahunka 1988 S04
    |    `--B. punctata Ohkubo 1980 S04
    |--Pirnodus Grandjean 1956 NB-P09, BB92a
    |    |--*P. detectidens Grandjean 1956 BB92a
    |    |--P. andinus Baranek 1985 S04
    |    `--P. soyeri Travé 1969 BB92b
    |--Pseudopirnodus Baranek 1985 S04
    |    |--*P. persetosus Baranek 1985 S04
    |    |--P. domrowi (Balogh & Mahunka 1978) [=Pirnodus domrowi] S04
    |    |--P. imitans (Balogh & Mahunka 1968) [=Pirnodus imitans] S04
    |    `--P. madegassus Mahunka 1966 S04
    |--Birobates Balogh 1970 [incl. Trischeloribates Hammer 1971] S04
    |    |--*B. reductus Balogh 1970 S04
    |    |--B. acutus (Hammer 1971) [=Trischeloribates acutus] S04
    |    |--B. latus (Hammer 1971) [=Trischeloribates latus] S04
    |    |--B. makinisus Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |    |--B. payatosensillus Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |    `--B. rotundus (Hammer 1971) [=Trischeloribates rotundus] S04
    |--Truncopes Grandjean 1956 S04
    |    |--*T. optatus Grandjean 1956 S04
    |    |    |--T. o. optatus S04
    |    |    `--T. o. asiaticus Aoki & Ohkubo 1974 S04
    |    |--T. fujikawae Aoki & Ohkubo 1974 S04
    |    |--T. makilingensis Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |    |--T. moderatus Aoki & Ohkubo 1974 S04
    |    |--T. montanus Wen & Chen 1992 S04
    |    |--T. orientalis Mahunka 1987 S04
    |    |--T. pyriformis Hammer 1981 S04
    |    |--T. sinaraja Mahunka 2001 S04
    |    `--T. yoshidai Aoki & Ohkubo 1974 S04
    |--Calobates Balogh 1961 [Calobatinae] S04
    |    |--C. (Calobates) S04
    |    |    |--*C. (C.) ornatissimus (Balogh 1959) [=Oripoda ornatissima] S04
    |    |    |--C. (C.) antichthon Higgins 1966 S04
    |    |    |--C. (C.) ornatus (Mahunka 1986) [=Protoripoda ornata] S04
    |    |    `--C. (C.) tuberculatus (Mahunka 1988) [=Protoripoda tuberculata] S04
    |    `--C. (Protoripoda Balogh 1970) [incl. Frischia Oudemans 1915 (n. d.)] S04
    |         |--C. (*P.) woolleyi (Balogh 1970) [=*Protoripoda woolleyi] S04
    |         |--C. (P.) elongatus (Oudemans 1915) S04 [=*Frischia elongata BB92a]
    |         |--C. (P.) flagellatus (Choi 1994) [=Protoripoda flagellata] S04
    |         |--C. (P.) incurva (Berlese 1916) [=Oripoda incurva] S04
    |         |--C. (P.) insularis (Balogh 1970) [=Protoripoda insularis] S04
    |         `--C. (P.) lineatus (Mahunka 1988) [=Protoripoda lineata] S04
    |--Benoibates Balogh 1958 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |--*B. flagellifer Balogh 1958 S04
    |    |--B. absolutus (Mahunka & Palacios-Vargas 1996) [=Reductoripoda absoluta] S04
    |    |--B. amazonicus Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
    |    |--B. bolivianus Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
    |    |--B. borhidii Balogh & Mahunka 1980 S04
    |    |--B. chacoensis Mahunka 1984 S04
    |    |--B. crinitus (Berlese 1910) [=Protoribates (Scheloribates) crinitus] S04
    |    |--B. excavatus (Woolley 1961) S04 [=*Exoripoda excavata BB92a]
    |    |--B. juglans (Jacot 1938) [=Exoribatula juglans] S04
    |    |--B. marginatus (Hammer 1973) [=Exoribatula marginata] S04
    |    |--B. minimus Mahunka 1985 S04
    |    |--B. muscicola Baranek 1981 S04
    |    |--B. plurisetus Mahunka 1983 S04
    |    |--B. reductus (Balogh & Mahunka 1967) S04 [=*Haploripoda reducta BB92a]
    |    |--B. rugosus Mahunka 2001 S04
    |    `--B. suramericanus (Mahunka 1983) [=Exoripoda suramericana] S04
    `--Oripoda Banks 1904 S04
         |--*O. elongata Banks & Pergrande 1904 S04
         |--O. alata (Balogh & Mahunka 1980) [=Gymnobates alatus] S04
         |--O. angolensis (Balogh 1963) [=Truncopes angolensis] S04
         |--O. anguina (Balogh & Mahunka 1969) [=Truncopes anguinus] S04
         |--O. anomala Baranek 1982 S04
         |--O. araucariae Pérez-Íñigo & Pérez-Íñigo 1993 S04
         |--O. auriculata Mahunka 1996 S04
         |--O. australis Berlese 1916 S04
         |--O. benegasi Fernández 1999 S04
         |--O. brasiliensis Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1980 S04
         |--O. canagaratnami (Balogh 1970) [=Truncopes canagaratnami] S04
         |--O. clavata Woolley 1961 S04
         |--O. cordobensis Balogh & Balogh 1990 (see below for synonymy) S04
         |--O. corticola Baranek 1981 S04
         |--O. cubana (Balogh & Mahunka 1980) [=Truncopes cubanus] S04
         |--O. divergens (Balogh & Mahunka 1969) [=Truncopes divergens] S04
         |--O. excavata Mahunka 1988 S04
         |--O. humerata (Balogh 1959) [=Benoibates humeratus] S04
         |--O. lenkoi Balogh & Mahunka 1978 S04
         |--O. lobata Mahunka 1985 S04
         |--O. longiseta Woolley 1961 S04
         |--O. luminosa (Hammer 1979) [=Truncopes luminosus] S04
         |--O. magna (Balogh & Mahunka 1969) [=Truncopes magnus] S04
         |--O. maxensis Mahunka 1984 S04
         |--O. moderata Berlese 1916 S04
         |--O. montana (Hammer 1962) [=Gymnobates montanus] S04
         |--O. pinicola Aoki & Ohkubo 1974 S04
         |--O. prominens Balogh 1985 S04
         |--O. punctata Baranek 1982 S04
         |--O. sacculifera Mahunka 2001 S04
         |--O. scissurata (Balogh & Mahunka 1980) [=Truncopes scissuratus] S04
         |--O. sumonyii Mahunka 1985 S04
         `--O. trilabiata Hammer 1961 S04

Benoibates Balogh 1958 [incl. Exoripoda Woolley 1961, Haploripoda Balogh & Mahunka 1967, Reductoripoda Mahunka & Palacios-Vargas 1996] S04

Oripoda cordobensis Balogh & Balogh 1990 [incl. Truncopes australis Balogh & Mahunka 1968 non O. australis Berlese 1916] S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB92a] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992a. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[BB92b] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992b. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 2. Plates. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

Cheyletoidea

Dog follicle mite Demodex canis, copyright Kalumet.


Belongs within: Raphignathina.
Contains: Cheyletidae.

The Cheyletoidea are a group of mites that are commonly parasitic on vertebrates.

See also: Your little friends that are with you always.

Characters (from Walter et al. 2009): Soft bodied but often with weak dorsal shields. Gnathosoma well defined, composed of cheliceral stylophore either free from subcapitulum or fused into gnathosomatic capsule; movable cheliceral digits styliform, needle-like, retractile, approximate terminally; palpi variously developed, often reduced with fused tibiotarsus and femorogenu, or telescoped, sometimes large and armed with a distinctive tibial claw; postcheliceral stigmata and peritremes present in free-living and some parasitic forms but absent in many parasites; with present, peritremes at base of chelicerae or on dorsal surface of gnathosomatic capsule, dorsal cheliceral seta rd absent in larva. Prodorsum lacking anteromedian naso, typically with four pairs of setae, none inserted in bothridia; eyes present or absent. Opisthosoma with 0 to many setae dorsally and laterally, with or without postlarval setal additions or hypertrichy dorsally; cupules (lyrifissures) absent; elements of opisthosomatic segments AD absent. Larval urstigma and postlarval genital papilla absent. Claws always present on tarsi II, and usually on tarsi III-IV unless legs are reduced or absent, claws present or absent on tarsus I; empodia present or absent, often with tenent hairs; genua and tibiae of all legs with a maximum of three setae; solenidion of genu I present or absent. Female genital opening ventral, terminal or dorsal, free from or fused to anal opening; oviporus adjacent to or fused with genital opening. Male with terminal or dorsal genito-anal opening. Usually four active postembryonic instars including larva, two nymphal instars, and adult. Developmental stases may be apodous, or postlarval stases may be hexapod.

Cheyletoidea [Demodicoidea]
    |--Epimyodex WL09 [Epimyodicidae BF01, Epimyodicinae]
    |    `--E. soricis WL09
    |--Cloacaridae BF01
    |    |--Pneumophagus bubonis WP99
    |    |--Caminacarus theodori WL09
    |    |--Theodoracarus testudinis WL09
    |    `--Cloacarus faini WL09
    |--Harpirhynchidae [Ophioptidae] BF01
    |    |--Harpypalpinae WL09
    |    |--Harpyrhynchus [Harpirhynchinae] WL09
    |    |    `--H. novoplumaris WL09
    |    `--Ophioptes [Ophioptinae] WL09
    |         |--O. parkeri WL09
    |         |--O. samboni Southcott 1956 S61
    |         |--O. southcotti WL09
    |         `--O. tropicalis WL09
    |--Psorergatidae BF01
    |    |--Psorergatoides WL09
    |    |--Psorergates WL09
    |    |    |--P. glaucomys WL09
    |    |    `--P. talpae WL09
    |    `--Psorobia WL09
    |         |--P. bos WL09
    |         |--P. foinae WL09
    |         |--P. mustelae WL09
    |         `--P. ovis WL09
    |--+--Cheyletidae BF01
    |  `--Syringophilidae BF01
    |       |  i. s.: Syringophiloides minor WP99
    |       |         Syringophilopsis K09
    |       |         Aulonastus K09
    |       |--Syringophilus SMD01 [Syringophilinae WL09]
    |       |    `--S. bipectinatus Heller 1880 SMD01
    |       `--Picobiinae WL09
    |            |--Calamincola lobatus (Castro 1977) WL09, SMD01
    |            `--Picobia SMD01
    |                 |--P. dryobates (Fritsch 1958) [=Syringophilus dryobates] SMD01
    |                 |--P. khulkhshani (Kivganov & Sharafat 1995) SMD01
    |                 `--P. polonica Skoracki, Magowski & Dabert 2001 SMD01
    `--Demodicidae BF01
         |--Rhinodex Fain 1959 B91
         |--Stomatodex Fain 1959 B91
         |--Pterodex Lukoschus, Woeltjes et al. 1980 B91
         |--Soricidex Bukva 1982 B91
         |--Ophthalmodex Lukoschus & Nutting 1980 B91
         |    `--O. molossi WL09
         `--Demodex Owen 1843 B91
              |--D. acutipes B91
              |--D. antechini N91
              |--D. aurati N91
              |--D. bovis Stiles 1892 B91
              |--D. brevis Akbulatova 1963 B91
              |--D. canis N91
              |--D. caprae N91
              |--D. criceti N91
              |--D. equi B91
              |--D. flagellurus Bukva 1985 B91
              |--D. folliculorum (Simon 1842) B91
              |--D. kutzeri Bukva 1987 B91
              |--D. longissimus WL09
              |--D. nanus Hirst 1918 B91
              |--D. odocoilei N91
              |--D. ovis Hirst 1919 B91
              |--D. rosus Bukva 1985 B91
              |--D. sabani Desch, Lukoschus & Nadchatram 1984 B91
              `--D. tauri Bukva 1986 B91

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BF01] Bochkov, A. V., & A. Fain. 2001. Phylogeny and system of the Cheyletidae (Acari: Prostigmata) with special reference to their host-parasite associations. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique Entomologie 71: 5-36.

[B91] Bukva, V. 1991. Structural reduction and topological retrieval: problems in taxonomy of Demodicidae. In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 293-300. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[K09] Krantz, G. W. 2009. Habits and habitats. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 64-82. Texas Tech University Press.

[N91] Nutting, W. B. 1991. Demodecosis, treatment and prevention. In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 309-317. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[SMD01] Skoracki, M., W. Magowski & J. Dabert. 2001. Picobia polonica sp. n. (Acari: Prostigmata: Syringophilidae), a new species of quill mite from the domestic hen, Gallus gallus domesticus (Aves: Phasianidae). Folia Parasitologica 48: 154-158.

[S61] Southcott, R. V. 1961. Studies on the systematics and biology of the Erythraeoidea (Acarina), with a critical revision of the genera and subfamilies. Australian Journal of Zoology 9: 367-610.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 233-420. Texas Tech University Press.

[WP99] Walter, D. E. & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

Circumdehiscentiae

Dorsum and venter of Niphocepheus nivalis delamarei, from Balogh & Balogh (1992 vol. 2).


Belongs within: Desmonomata.
Contains: Microzetidae, Polypterozetoidea, Oppiidae, Autognetidae, Machuellidae, Quadroppiidae, Sternoppia, Granuloppiidae, Teratoppiidae, Suctobelbidae, Platyameridae, Banksinoma, Machadobelba, Damaeidae, Amerobelbidae, Damaeolidae, Eremobelba, Ameridae, Ctenobelba, Eremulidae, Heterobelbidae, Basilobelbidae, Rhynchoribatidae, Eremaeozetoidea, Tenuialidae, Astegistidae, Gustavia, Oribatellidae, Neoliodidae, Hermanniellidae, Plasmobatidae, Zetorchestidae, Liacaridae, Eremaeidae, Arceremaeidae, Peloppiidae, Cepheidae, Eutegaeidae, Microtegeidae, Anderemaeidae, Cymbaeremaeidae, Carabodidae, Nippobodidae, Otocepheidae, Dampfiellidae, Oripodoidea, Plateremaeidae, Licnodamaeidae, Pheroliodidae, Gymnodamaeidae, Pedrocortesellidae, Xenillidae, Hydrozetes, Limnozetidae, Austrachipteria, Achipterioidea, Tectocepheidae, Licneremaeoidea, Scapheremaeus, Ameronothridae, Fortuyniidae, Selenoribatidae, Tegeocranellus, Galumnidae, Galumnellidae, Ceratozetoidea, Phenopelopidae.

The Circumdehiscentiae, or 'higher oribatid mites' (also known as Brachypylina), are a major clade within the oribatids. They are characterised by having the genital and anal plates usually well separated on the ventral plate, and by having the tibiae and genua of the legs differing from each other in length and shape (Balogh & Balogh 1992). Relationships within the Circumdehiscentiae are, as yet, poorly understood. A number of authors have divided them between the Pycnonoticae and Poronoticae, based primarily on the presence (Poronoticae) or absence (Pycnonoticae) of the octotaxic system, a series of glandular openings on the notogaster. Alternatively, Pycnonoticae has been labelled as Apterogastrina and Poronoticae as Pterogastrina, in reference to the absence or presence, respectively, of pteromorphs, lateral extensions of the notogaster that may or may not be movable. However, the Pycnonoticae are undoubtedly paraphyletic, while the Poronoticae may possibly be polyphyletic. Conversely, characters of the nymphs have been considered significant in classification, such as whether they retain scalps (exuviae of previous instars) for protection (scalps are retained in 'Eupheredermata', lost in 'Apheredermata'), and whether the nymphs have a plicate (wrinkled) integument. However, immature Circumdehiscentiae are often very different in appearance from their adults, and the nymphs for many species remain undescribed. Molecular phylogenies of Circumdehiscentiae published to date have only included a small subsection of brachypyline diversity, with many major groups as yet unrepresented.

Eupheredermous taxa include the Plasmobatidae, Neoliodidae, Plateremaeoidea, Damaeidae, Cepheoidea, Polypterozetoidea, Microzetidae and most Ameroidea (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009). Some apheredermous taxa, such as Liacaridae and Peloppiidae, show a loss of dorsocentral setae on the notogaster similar to that found in eupheredermous taxa (Schäffer et al. 2010) which may indicate eupheredermous relationships. It seems likely that the Neoliodidae and Hermannielloidea are relatively basal in the brachypyline clade. Members of the Hermannielloidea are united by having the openings of the opisthonotal glands protruding from the notogaster, either on distinct funnel-shaped tubes or on large apophyses. Both Neoliodidae and Hermanielloidea also share precocious development of apodemato-acetabular brachytracheae in the immatures with members of the Eremaeoidea and Plateremaeoidea. The Eremaeoidea commonly have costulae on the prodorsum, and the notogastral cerotegument forming large tubercles. The Plateremaeoidea also have a well-developed cerotegument, and their notogaster is generally flattened in lateral view (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009).

<==Circumdehiscentiae (see below for synonymy) SK10
    |--+--Neoliodidae DA07
    |  `--Hermannielloidea S04
    |       |--Hermanniellidae SK10
    |       `--Plasmobatidae S04
    `--+--Zetorchestidae SK10
       `--+--+--Liacaridae SK10
          |  `--+--Eremaeoidea S04
          |     |    |--Eremaeidae DW10
          |     |    |--Arceremaeidae NB-P09
          |     |    |--Aribates Aoki, Takaku & Ito 1994 [Aribatidae] S04
          |     |    |    `--*A. javensis Aoki, Takaku & Ito 1994 S04
          |     |    |--Megeremaeus Higgins & Woolley 1965 [Megeremaeidae] S04
          |     |    |    |--*M. montanus Higgins & Woolley 1965 S04
          |     |    |    |--M. ditrichosus Woolley & Higgins 1968 S04
          |     |    |    |--M. expansus Aoki & Fujikawa 1971 S04
          |     |    |    |--M. hylaius Behan-Pelletier 1990 S04
          |     |    |    |--M. keewatin Behan-Pelletier 1990 S04
          |     |    |    |--M. kootenai Behan-Pelletier 1990 S04
          |     |    |    |--M. rameus Wen & Zhao 1993 S04
          |     |    |    `--M. spinosus Aoki & Yamamoto 2000 S04
          |     |    `--Niphocepheus Balogh 1943 S04 [Niphocepheidae SK10, Niphocepheoidea]
          |     |         |--*N. nivalis (Schweizer 1922) [=Cepheus nivalis] S04
          |     |         |    |--N. n. nivalis S04
          |     |         |    |--N. n. baloghi Travé 1959 S04
          |     |         |    |--N. n. delamarei Travé 1959 S04
          |     |         |    `--N. n. grandjeani Travé 1959 S04
          |     |         |--N. aborigensis Behan-Pelletier 1982 S04
          |     |         |--N. guadarramicus Subías 1977 S04
          |     |         `--N. travei Bulanova-Zavchvatkina 1967 S04
          |     `--+--Peloppiidae SK10
          |        `--Cepheoidea [Eutegeoidea] S04
          |             |--Cepheidae MH04
          |             |--Eutegaeidae SK10
          |             |--Microtegeidae NB-P09
          |             |--Anderemaeidae NB-P09
          |             |--Pterobates Balogh & Mahunka 1977 [Pterobatidae] S04
          |             |    `--*P. incertus Balogh & Mahunka 1977 S04
          |             |--Cerocepheidae S04
          |             |    |--Cerocepheus Trägardh 1931 S04      
          |             |    |    `--*C. mirabilis Trägardh 1931 S04
          |             |    |--Dicrotegaeus Luxton 1988 S04
          |             |    |    `--*D. mirabilis Luxton 1988 S04
          |             |    `--Bornebuschia Hammer 1966 S04
          |             |         |--*B. peculiaris Hammer 1966 S04
          |             |         `--B. binodosa Luxton 1988 S04
          |             `--Nosybeidae NB-P09
          |                  |--Lamellocepheus Balogh 1961 [incl. Nosybea Mahunka 1993, Tessacarus Grandjean 1962] S04
          |                  |    |--*L. personatus (Berlese 1910) S04 (see below for synonymy)
          |                  |    `--L. genavensis (Mahunka 1993) [=Nosybea genavensis] S04
          |                  `--Topalia Balogh & Csiszár 1963 S04
          |                       |--*T. problematica Balogh & Csiszár 1963 S04
          |                       |--T. africana Mahunka 1985 S04
          |                       |--T. clavata Hammer 1966 S04
          |                       |--T. granulata Hammer 1966 S04
          |                       `--T. velata Hammer 1966 S04
          `--+--Cymbaeremaeidae SK10
             `--+--+--Carabodoidea [Otocepheoidea] S04
                |  |    |--Carabodidae SK10
                |  |    |--Nippobodidae S04
                |  |    |--Otocepheidae NB-P09
                |  |    |--Dampfiellidae S04
                |  |    |--Tokunocepheus Aoki 1966 [Tokunocepheidae] S04
                |  |    |    `--*T. mizusawai Aoki 1966 S04
                |  |    `--Carabocepheus Berlese 1910 [Carabocepheidae] S04
                |  |         `--*C. lounsburyi (Berlese 1910) [=Carabodes (*Carabocepheus) lounsburyi] S04
                |  |              |--C. l. lounsburyi S04
                |  |              `--C. l. latior Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
                |  `--+--Oripodoidea SK10
                |     `--Plateremaeoidea [Gymnodamaeoidea, Pheronotae] NB-P09
                |          |--Plateremaeidae S04
                |          |--Licnodamaeidae S04
                |          |--Pheroliodidae S04
                |          |--Gymnodamaeidae SK10
                |          |--Pedrocortesellidae NB-P09
                |          |--Nacunansella Fernández & Cleva 1998 S04 [Nacunansellidae NB-P09]
                |          |    `--*N. diminuta Fernández & Cleva 1998 S04
                |          |--Lyrifissella Paschoal 1989 NB-P09, S04 [Lyrifissellidae]
                |          |    |--*L. latoclava (Hammer 1966) [=Pedrocortesella latoclava] S04
                |          |    |--L. cryptonota (Hammer 1966) [=Pedrocortesella cryptonota] S04
                |          |    `--L. vestita (Trägardh 1931) [=Plateremaeus vestitus] S04
                |          |--Idiodamaeidae NB-P09
                |          |    |--Austrodamaeus Balogh & Mahunka 1981 S04
                |          |    |    `--A. elegantulus (Hammer 1958) S04 (see below for synonymy)
                |          |    `--Idiodamaeus Paschoal 1984 NB-P09, S04
                |          |         `--*I. illecebrosus Paschoal 1984 NB-P09, S04
                |          |--Licnobelbidae S04
                |          |    |--Flabellobelba Pérez-Íñigo 1995 S04
                |          |    |    `--*F. almeriensis (Ruiz, Kahwash & Subías 1990) [=Licnobelba almeriensis] S04
                |          |    `--Licnobelba Grandjean 1931 S04
                |          |         |--*L. alestensis Grandjean 1931 S04, NB-P09, S04
                |          |         |--L. caesarea (Berlese 1910) [=Licneremaeus caesareus] S04
                |          |         `--L. latiflabellata (Paoli 1908) (see below for synonymy) S04
                |          `--Aleurodamaeus Grandjean 1954 [Aleurodamaeidae] S04
                |               |  i. s.: A. australis Woas 1992 NB-P09, S04 [=Austrodamaeus australis S04]
                |               |--A. (Aleurodamaeus) S04
                |               |    |--*A. (A.) setosus (Berlese 1883) (see below for synonymy) S04
                |               |    |--A. (A.) cephalotes (Berlese 1916) [=Gymnodamaeus cephalotes] S04
                |               |    |--A. (A.) hungaricus Paschoal & Johnston 1985 S04
                |               |    `--A. (A.) trichosus (Kulijev 1979) [=Allodamaeus trichosus] S04
                |               `--A. (Trichodamaeus Mahunka 1984) S04
                |                    `--A. (*T.) africanus Mahunka 1984 S04
                `--+--Xenillidae DW10
                   |--Hydrozetoidea [Limnozetoidea]
                   |    |--Hydrozetes SK10
                   |    |--Limnozetidae NB-P09
                   |    `--Austrachipteriidae S04
                   |         |--Austrachipteria S04
                   |         |--Granizetes Hammer 1961 S04
                   |         |    `--*G. curvatus Hammer 1961 S04
                   |         |--Palmitalia Pérez-Íñigo & Peña 1997 S04
                   |         |    `--*P. latilamellata Pérez-Íñigo & Peña 1997 S04
                   |         |--Patagonozetes Balogh & Balogh 1990 S04
                   |         |    `--*P. exornatus (Balogh & Csiszár 1963) [=Sphaerozetes exornatus] S04
                   |         |--Punctizetes Hammer 1971 S04
                   |         |    `--*P. penicillifer Hammer 1971 S04
                   |         |--Sagittazetes Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
                   |         |    `--*S. agressor Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
                   |         |--Ceratobates Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
                   |         |    |--*C. pontiger Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
                   |         |    |--C. fornerisae Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1985 S04
                   |         |    `--C. spathulatus Balogh & Mahunka 1981 S04
                   |         `--Allozetes Berlese 1913 S04
                   |              |--*A. pusillus (Berlese 1913) [=Ceratozetes (*Allozetes) pusillus] S04
                   |              |--A. africanus Balogh 1958 S04
                   |              |--A. alas Behan-Pelletier 1998 S04
                   |              |--A. lacandonicus Mahunka & Palacios-Vargas 1996 S04
                   |              |--A. latus Tseng 1984 S04
                   |              |--A. levis Ohkubo 1981 S04
                   |              `--A. translamellatus Hammer 1973 S04
                   `--+--+--Achipterioidea SK10
                      |  `--Tectocepheidae SK10
                      `--+--+--Licneremaeoidea SK10
                         |  |--Scapheremaeus SK10
                         |  `--Ameronothroidea S04
                         |       |--Ameronothridae SK10
                         |       |--Fortuyniidae S04
                         |       |--Selenoribatidae S04
                         |       `--Tegeocranellus NB-P09
                         `--+--Galumnoidea B-P01
                            |    |--Galumnidae SK10
                            |    `--Galumnellidae S04
                            `--+--Podacarus Grandjean 1955 SK10, S04 [Podacaridae]
                               |    `--*P. auberti Grandjean 1955 S04
                               |         |--P. a. auberti S04
                               |         `--P. a. occidentalis Wallwork 1966 S04
                               `--+--Ceratozetoidea SK10
                                  `--Phenopelopoidea [Pelopoidea] NB-P09
                                       |  i. s.: Plakoribates Popp 1960 NB-P09, S04
                                       |           |--*P. multicuspidatus Popp 1960 S04
                                       |           |--P. confluens Balogh 1970 S04
                                       |           |--P. neotropicus Balogh & Mahunka 1978 S04
                                       |           `--P. scutatus Hammer 1979 S04
                                       |--Phenopelopidae SK10
                                       `--Unduloribatidae [Unduloribatoidea] NB-P09
                                            |--Koreoribates Choi 1994 S04
                                            |    `--*K. foliatus Choi 1994 S04
                                            `--Unduloribates Balogh 1943 S04
                                                 |--*U. undulatus (Berlese 1914) (see below for synonymy) S04
                                                 |--U. brevisetosus Nübel-Reidelbach & Woas 1992 S04
                                                 |--U. hebes Aoki 1965 S04
                                                 |--U. medusa Piffl 1972 S04
                                                 `--U. parvus NB-P09

Circumdehiscentiae incertae sedis:
  Microzetidae S04
  Polypterozetoidea S04
  Oppioidea [Trizetoidea] NB-P09
    |--Oppiidae S04
    |--Autognetidae S04
    |--Machuellidae S04
    |--Quadroppiidae S04
    |--Sternoppia S04
    |--Granuloppiidae S04
    |--Teratoppiidae S04
    |--Suctobelbidae S04
    |--Platyameridae NB-P09
    |--Trizetes Berlese 1904 [Trizetidae] S04
    |    `--*T. pyramidalis Berlese 1904 S04
    |--Nosybelba Mahunka 1994 [Nosybelbidae] S04
    |    `--*N. oppiana Mahunka 1994 S04
    |--Enantioppia Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04 [Enantioppiidae NB-P09]
    |    `--*E. multituberculata Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
    |--Hexoppia Balogh 1958 S04 [Hexoppiidae NB-P09]
    |    `--*H. heterotricha Balogh 1958 S04
    |--Luxtonia Mahunka 2001 S04 [Luxtoniidae NB-P09]
    |    `--*L. hauseri Mahunka 2001 S04
    |--Tuparezetes Spain 1969 [Tuparezetidae] S04
    |    |--*T. christineae Spain 1969 S04
    |    `--T. philodendrus Spain 1969 S04
    |--Cuneoppia Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04 [Cuneoppiidae NB-P09]
    |    |--*C. laticeps Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
    |    `--C. dogmai Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |--Chavinia Hammer 1961 S04 [Chaviniidae NB-P09, Chaviniinae]
    |    |--*C. paradoxa Hammer 1961 S04
    |    `--C. similis Balogh 1984 S04
    |--Papillonotus Wallwork 1961 [Papillonotidae] S04
    |    |--*P. maculatus Walwork 1961 S04
    |    |--P. granulosus Wallwork 1961 S04
    |    |--P. hauseri Mahunka 1988 S04
    |    `--P. tricarinatus Sarkar & Subías 1983 S04
    |--Thyrisomidae NB-P09
    |    |--Banksinoma S04
    |    `--Gemmazetes Fujikawa 1979 NB-P09, S04
    |         `--*G. crosbyi (Berlese 1908) BB92, S04 [=Oribella crosbyi S04, Oribellopsis crosbyi S04]
    |              |--G. c. crosbyi S04
    |              `--‘Oribellopsis’ c. maoershanensis Wen 1992 S04
    |--Lyroppia Balogh 1961 [Lyroppiidae] S04
    |    |--*L. scutigera Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |--L. anareolata Balogh & Mahunka 1981 S04
    |    |--L. delicata Wang & Lu 1995 S04
    |    |--L. neotropica Balogh & Mahunka 1974 S04
    |    `--L. similis Balogh & Mahunka 1977 S04
    |--Machadobelbidae [Rioppiidae] NB-P09
    |    |--Machadobelba S04
    |    |--Ramogneta Karppinen 1966 S04
    |    |    `--*R. lamottei Karppinen 1966 S04
    |    `--Rioppia Balogh & Mahunka 1977 S04
    |         |--*R. nodulifera Balogh & Mahunka 1977 S04
    |         `--R. comteae Mahunka 1985 S04
    `--Epimerellidae S04
         |--Enisella Ayyildiz & Luxton 1989 S04
         |    `--*E. turcica Ayyildiz & Luxton 1989 S04
         `--Epimerella Kulijev 1967 S04
              |--*E. smirnovi (Kulijev 1962) [=Oppia smirnovi] S04
              |    |--E. s. smirnovi S04
              |    `--E. s. longisetosa Kulijev 1967 S04
              |--E. distenta Ayyildiz & Luxton 1989 S04
              |--E. puzanovi Gordeeva & Karppinen 1988 S04
              `--E. rubeni Khanbekjan & Gordeeva 1991 S04
  Damaeidae MH04
  Ameroidea [Amerobelboidea, Eremuloidea] NB-P09
    |--Amerobelbidae S04
    |--Damaeolidae S04
    |--Eremobelba S04
    |--Ameridae S04
    |--Ctenobelba S04
    |--Eremulidae S04
    |--Heterobelbidae S04
    |--Basilobelbidae S04
    |--Rhynchoribatidae NB-P09
    |--Staurobatidae S04
    |    |--Stauroma Grandjean 1966 S04
    |    |    `--*S. cephalotum Grandjean 1966 S04
    |    `--Staurobates Grandjean 1966 S04
    |         `--*S. schusteri Grandjean 1966 S04
    |              |--S. s. schusteri S04
    |              `--S. s. cordobensis Balogh & Mahunka 1968 S04
    |--Oxyamerus Aoki 1965 NB-P09, S04 [Oxyameridae S04]
    |    |--*O. spathulatus Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--O. aokii Balogh 1968 S04
    |    |--O. hauserorum Mahunka 1987 S04
    |    |--O. hyalinus Hammer 1979 S04
    |    |--O. latirostris Balogh 1968 S04
    |    `--O. truncatus Hammer 1979 S04
    |--Spinozetidae NB-P09
    |    |--Iberoppia Pérez-Íñigo 1986 S04
    |    |    `--*I. paradoxa Pérez-Íñigo 1986 S04
    |    |--Grypoceramerus Suzuki & Aoki 1970 S04
    |    |    `--*G. acutus Suzuki & Aoki 1970 S04
    |    `--Spinozetes Piffl 1966 [incl. Mirus Kulijev 1967 nec Albers 1850 nec Saulcy 1877] S04
    |         |--*S. inexspectatus Piffl 1966 S04
    |         `--S. pectinatus (Kulijev 1967) [=Mirus pectinatus] S04
    |--Hungarobelbidae S04
    |    |--Hungarobelba Balogh 1943 S04
    |    |    |--*H. visnyai (Balogh 1938) [=Belba visnyai] S04
    |    |    |--H. baloghi Bulanova-Zachvatkina 1967 S04
    |    |    `--H. pyrenaica Miko & Travé 1996 S04
    |    `--Costeremus Aoki 1970 S04
    |         |--*C. ornatus Aoki 1970 S04
    |         |--C. barbatus Choi 1997 S04
    |         |--C. cornutus Wang 1996 S04
    |         `--C. yezoensis Fujikawa & Fujita 1985 S04
    `--Caleremaeidae [Caleremaeoidea] NB-P09
         |--Luxtoneremaeus Balogh & Balogh 1922 S04
         |    `--*L. forsteri (Balogh & Balogh 1985) [=Anderemaeus forsteri] S04
         |--Veloppia Hammer 1955 S04
         |    |--*V. pulchra Hammer 1955 S04
         |    `--V. kananaskis Norton 1978 S04
         `--Caleremaeus Berlese 1910 S04
              |--*C. monilipes (Michael 1882) S04 [=Damaeus monilipes S04, Notaspis monilipes BB92]
              |--C. divisus Mihelčič 1952 S04
              `--C. retractus (Banks 1947) [=Carabodoides retractus] S04
  Eremaeozetoidea NB-P09
  Tenuialidae S04
  Astegistidae S04
  Gustavia S04
  Multoribulidae S04
    |--Peloptoribula Mahunka 1984 S04
    |    `--*P. spinulosa Mahunka 1984 S04
    `--Multoribula Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
         |--*M. multipunctata Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
         `--M. suramericana Balogh & Mahunka 1977 S04
  Oribatellidae B-P01
  Kodiakella Hammer 1967 S04 [Kodiakellidae NB-P09]
    |--*K. lutea Hammer 1967 S04
    `--K. dimorpha Pérez-Íñigo & Subías 1978 S04

*Aleurodamaeus (Aleurodamaeus) setosus (Berlese 1883) [=Damaeus setosus; incl. Gymnodamaeus gibbus Mihelčič 1963, G. nitidus Mihelčič 1956] S04

Austrodamaeus elegantulus (Hammer 1958) S04 [=Gymnodamaeus elegantulus S04; incl. *Au. rimosus Balogh & Mahunka 1981 S04, Allodamaeus trisetosus Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04]

Circumdehiscentiae [Apheredermata, Apterogasterina, Brachypylides, Brachypylina, Carinotae, Euoribatida, Eupheredermata, Gustavioidea, Gymnonota, Holosomatina, Liacaroidea, Notaspidinae, Planofissurae, Poronota, Poronotae, Poronoticae, Pterogasterina, Pycnonota, Pycnonoticae] SK10

*Lamellocepheus personatus (Berlese 1910) S04 [=Tectocepheus personatus S04, Tegeocranus personatus BB92; incl. Lamellocepheus ambitus Kulijev 1966 S04]

Licnobelba latiflabellata (Paoli 1908) [=Licneremaeus latiflabellatus; incl. Licno. montana Mihelčič 1957] S04

*Unduloribates undulatus (Berlese 1914) [=Sphaerozetes (Tectoribates) undulatus] S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB92] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[B-P01] Behan-Pelletier, V. M. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Hypozetes (Acari: Tegoribatidae). In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 50–57. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[DW10] Dabert, M., W. Witalinski, A. Kazmierski, Z. Olszanowski & J. Dabert. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of acariform mites (Acari, Arachnida): strong conflict between phylogenetic signal and long-branch attraction artifacts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 222–241.

[DA07] Domes, K., M. Althammer, R. A. Norton, S. Scheu & M. Maraun. 2007. The phylogenetic relationship between Astigmata and Oribatida (Acari) as indicated by molecular markers. Experimental and Applied Acarology 42 (3): 159–171.

[MH04] Maraun, M., M. Heethoff, K. Schneider, S. Scheu, G. Weigmann, J. Cianciolo, R. H. Thomas & R. A. Norton. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of oribatid mites (Oribatida, Acari): evidence for multiple radiations of parthenogenetic lineages. Experimental and Applied Acarology 33 (3): 183–201.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[SK10] Schäffer, S., S. Koblmüller, T. Pfingstl, C. Sturmbauer & G. Krisper. 2010. Ancestral state reconstruction reveals multiple independent evolution of diagnostic morphological characters in the "Higher Oribatida" (Acari), conflicting with current classification. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 246.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.