Sarcoptoidea

Guinea pig mange mite Trixacarus caviae, from here.


Belongs within: Analgoidea.
Contains: Teinocoptinae.

The Sarcoptoidea are a group of mites that are found living on mammals, either as parasites or commensals, including the scabies mite Sarcoptes scabiei.

Characters (from OConnor 2009): All tarsi lacking proral setae, tarsus IV lacking seta s; genu I with 0-1 solenidion (2 in Hyracoptes); pretarsus with empodium clawlike in centre of ambulacral disc or may be flattened as central sclerite in fur mites, empodium rarely absent; if ambulacral disc well developed, condylophore guide typically present at junction of ambulacral stalk and disc; pretarsus not retractable. Paraproctal chaetome with 0-3 p setae and 0 ad setae.

Sarcoptoidea [Psoroptoidea]
    |--Lobalgidae K92
    |    |--Echimytricalges O09
    |    `--Lobalges trouessarti O09
    |--Myocoptidae K92
    |    |--Myocoptes musculinus K09
    |    |--Trichoecius tenax O09
    |    `--Dromiciocoptes caenolestes O09
    |--Atopomelidae K92
    |    |--Koalachirus perkinsi WP99
    |    |--Listrocarpus O09
    |    |--Oryzomysia O09
    |    |--Cytostethum O09
    |    |--Chirodiscoides caviae O09
    |    |--Listrophoroides cucullatus O09
    |    `--Didelphilichus serrifer O09
    |--Psoroptidae K92
    |    |  i. s.: Acaroptes K92
    |    |         Chorioptes bovis DW10
    |    |         Otodectes cynotis DW10
    |    |         Coendalges O09
    |    |         Caparinia tripilis O09
    |    |--Makialginae K92
    |    |--Cebalginae K92
    |    |--Listropsoralginae K92
    |    |--Psoralges K92 [Psoralginae O09]
    |    `--Psoroptes [Psoroptinae] K92
    |         |--P. cuniculi U91
    |         `--P. equi D01
    `--+--Rhyncoptidae K92
       |    |--Ursicoptes K92
       |    |--Saimirioptes paradoxus O09
       |    |--Audycoptes [Audycoptidae] K92
       |    |--Caenolestocoptes [Caenolestocoptinae] K92
       |    |    `--C. inca Fain & Lukoschus 1976 K92
       |    `--Rhyncoptes O09
       |         |--R. anastosi K09
       |         `--R. grabberi O09
       `--Sarcoptidae K92
            |--Diabolicoptinae K92
            |    |--Diabolicoptes Fain & Domrow 1974 K92
            |    |    `--*D. sarcophilus Fain & Domrow 1974 K92
            |    `--Satanicoptes Fain & Laurence 1975 K92
            |         |--*S. armatus Fain & Laurence 1975 K92
            |         `--S. phascogale (Fain & Domrow 1974) [=Diabolicoptes phascogale] K92
            `--+--Teinocoptinae K92
               `--Sarcoptinae K92
                    |--Trixacarus Sellnick 1944 [incl. Caviacoptes Fain et al. 1972] K92
                    |    |--T. eliurus Klompen 1992 K92
                    |    `--+--*T. diversus Sellnick 1944 [incl. Sarcoptes anacanthos Guilhon 1946] K92
                    |       `--T. caviae Fain, Hovell & Hyatt 1972 [=T. (*Caviacoptes) caviae] K92
                    `--+--Kutzerocoptes Lavoipierre 1970 K92
                       |    `--*K. grunbergi Lavoipierre 1970 K92
                       `--+--Sarcoptes Latreille 1802 K92
                          |    |--*S. scabiei (Linnaeus 1758) K92 (see below for synonymy)
                          |    `--S. strigis Genè 1848 CF77
                          `--Prosarcoptes Lavoipierre 1960 [incl. Cosarcoptes Fain 1968, Pithesarcoptes Fain 1965] K92
                               |--P. talapoini (Fain 1965) [=Pithesarcoptes talapoini] K92
                               `--+--*P. pitheci (Philippe 1948) (see below for synonymy) K92
                                  `--P. scanloni Smiley 1965 [=Cosarcoptes scanloni] K92

Sarcoptoidea incertae sedis:
  Gastronyssidae O09
    |--Gastronyssus bakeri WP99
    |--Opsonyssus brutsaerti O09
    |--Yunkeracarus O09
    `--Sciuracarus paraxeri O09
  Chirodiscidae O09
    |--Schizocarpus DW10
    |--Chirodiscus O09
    |--Lemuroecius O09
    |--Schizocoptes conjugatus O09
    |--Pseudoalabidocarpus K06 [Labidocarpidae, Labidocarpinae O09]
    |    `--P. secus K06
    `--Alabidocarpus O09
         |--A. chalinolobi O09
         `--A. vietnamensis O09
  Chirorhynchobia [Chirorhynchobiidae] O09
    `--C. urodermae O09
  Lemurnyssus [Lemurnyssidae] O09
    `--L. galagoensis O09
  Pneumocoptes [Pneumocoptidae] O09
    |--P. banksi O09
    |--P. jellisoni O09
    |--P. penrosei O09
    `--P. tiollaisi O09

*Prosarcoptes pitheci (Philippe 1948) [=Sarcoptes pitheci; incl. P. faini Lavoipierre 1970] K92

Sarcoptes scabiei (Linnaeus 1758) [=Acarus siro var. scabiei K92; incl. S. scabiei var. canis D01, S. scabiei var. hominis A01, S. scabiei var. wombati Railliet 1893 H01]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A01] Andrews, J. R. H. 2001. A progress report on scabies in humans. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 552-557. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[CF77] Canestrini, G. & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69-208, pls 202-207.

[DW10] Dabert, M., W. Witalinski, A. Kazmierski, Z. Olszanowski & J. Dabert. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of acariform mites (Acari, Arachnida): strong conflict between phylogenetic signal and long-branch attraction artifacts. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 222-241.

[D01] Desch, C. E. 2001. Anatomy and ultrastructure of the female reproductive system of Sarcoptes scabiei (Acari: Sarcoptidae). In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 203-212. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[H01] Halliday, R. B. 2001. 250 years of Australian acarology. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 3-16. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[K92] Klompen, J. S. H. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships in the mite family Sarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata). Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 180: i-vi, 1-154.

[K09] Krantz, G. W. 2009. Form and function. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 5-53. Texas Tech University Press.

[K06] Kwiecinski, G. G. 2006. Phyllostomus discolor. Mammalian Species 801: 1-11.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 565-657. Texas Tech University Press.

[U91] Uhlíř, J. 1991. Blood phagocytic cell response of rabbits infested with Psoroptes cuniculi. In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 409-414. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[WP99] Walter, D. E. & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

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