Neoliodes sp., copyright Walter Pfliegler.

Belongs within: Brachypylina.

The Neoliodidae are a group of relatively large mites in which the adults carry several scalps (shed cuticles) of earlier nymphal stages. Historically, this family has been known as the Liodidae and its type genus as Liodes but names were replaced due to a belief they were preoccupied by the beetle genus Leiodes; though Liodes was not actually preoccupied (owing to the difference in spelling), the replacement was later formalised by declaration of the ICZN.

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Large mites (1000–2000 µm), heavily sclerotised, bearing concentric nymphal exuviae. Apodemato-acetabular system abnormal, variable at the genus level. Dorsophragmata and pleurophragmata absent. Leg segments with saccules or brachytracheae. Genital plates with transverse scissure, with seven or eight pairs of setae. Preanal organ with brachytrachea or platytrachea. Lyrifissure ian present. Palpal eupathidium acm separate from solenidion; seta d present on tibiae and genua when respective solenidion is present. Tibiae of legs with (Platyliodes) or without retrotecta. Immatures with platytracheae or brachytrachea; larva unideficient. Nymphs eupheredermous, multideficient, with maximum of six pairs of opisthonotal setae; setation of protonymphal leg IV normal (0-0-0-0-7) or variable at genus and species level.

Neoliodidae [Liodidae, Liodoidea, Neoliodoidea]
    |--Poroliodes Grandjean 1934 S04
    |    `--P. farinosus (Koch 1839) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--Teleioliodes Grandjean 1934 S04
    |    |--*T. madininensis Grandjean 1934 S04
    |    |--T. ghanensis Walwork 1963 S04
    |    `--T. zikani (Sellnick 1930) [=Neoliodes zikani] S04
    |--Platyliodes Berlese 1916 S04
    |    |--*P. doderleini (Berlese 1883) S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--P. ensigerus NB-P09
    |    |--P. graecus Sellnick 1927 S04
    |    |--P. hoodi [=Neoliodes hoodi] B16
    |    |--P. japonicus Aoki 1979 S04
    |    |--P. longisetosus Sitnikova 1975 S04
    |    |--P. macroprionus Woolley & Higgins 1969 S04
    |    |--P. montanus Fujikawa 2001 S04
    |    `--P. scaliger (Koch 1839) [=Nothrus scaliger] S04
    `--Neoliodes Berlese 1888 [=Liodes Heyden 1826 (nom. rej.); incl. Udetaliodes Jacot 1929] S04
         |--*N. theleproctus (Hermann 1804) CH98 (see below for synonymy)
         |--N. alatus (Hammer 1979) [=Liodes alatus] S04
         |--N. backstroemi Trägardh 1931 S04
         |--N. bataviensis Sellnick 1925 S04 [=Liodes bataviensis S59]
         |--N. brevitarsus NB-P09
         |--N. canaliculatus (Koch 1839) (n. d.) [=Nothrus canaliculatus] S04
         |--N. capensis Berlese 1910 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. concentricus (Say 1821) S04 (see below for synonymy)
         |--N. elongatus (Fernández, Marcangeli & Martínez 1995) [=Liodes elongatus] S04
         |--N. eques (Canestrini 1897) (n. d.) [=Nothrus eques] S04
         |--N. floridensis Banks 1906 S04
         |--N. funafutiensis (Jacot 1929) [=Udetaliodes funafutiensis] S04
         |--N. globosus (Subías & Gil-Martín 1990) [=Liodes globosus] S04
         |--N. hawaiiensis (Jacot 1929) S04 [=Udetaliodes hawaiiensis S04, Liodes hawaiiensis S59]
         |    |--N. h. hawaiiensis S04
         |    `--N. h. aculeatisetae (Jacot 1934) [=Udetaliodes hawaiiensis aculeatisetae] S04
         |--N. ionicus Sellnick 1931 S04 [=Liodes ionicus G45]
         |--N. kornhuberi (Karpelles 1884) [=Nothrus kornhuberi] S04
         |--N. lamellatus (Rainbow 1897) [=Oribata lamellata] S04
         |--N. lanceosetosus (Wallwork 1977) [=Liodes lanceosetosus] S04
         |--N. lawrencei Jacot 1940 S04
         |--N. longipes Berlese 1916 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. marplatensis (Fernández, Marcangeli & Martínez 1995) [=Liodes marplatensis] S04
         |--N. mauritius (Jacot 1936) [=Udetaliodes mauritius] S04
         |--N. modestior Berlese 1916 (n. d.) [=N. squamiger var. modestior] S04
         |--N. nigricans (Hammer 1967) [=Liodes nigricans] S04
         |--N. notactis (Gervais 1849) (n. d.) [=Oribata notactis] S04
         |--N. ocellatus Pearce 1906 S04
         |--N. polysetosus (Sitnikova 1975) [=Liodes polysetosus] S04
         |--N. porcellus Berlese 1888 (n. d.) S04 [=N. theleproctus porcellus S04, Teleioliodes porcellus G34]
         |--N. pyramidalis (Wallwork 1963) [=Liodes pyramidalis] S04
         |--N. quadrisetatus NB-P09
         |--N. ramosus (Hammer 1971) [=Liodes ramosus] S04
         |--N. rugosus Warburton 1912 S04
         |--N. segestris (Wallwork 1963) [=Liodes segestris] S04
         |--N. silvestris (Hammer 1977) [=Liodes silvestris] S04
         |--N. squamiger Berlese 1916 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. striatus Warburton 1912 [incl. N. femoralis Warburton 1912] S04
         |--N. swezeyi (Jacot 1929) S04 [=Udetaliodes swezeyi S04, Liodes swezeyi SN98]
         |--N. terrestris (Wallwork 1963) [=Liodes terrestris] S04
         |--N. vermiculatus Jacot 1924 S04
         |--N. wakensis (Jacot 1929) S04 [=Udetaliodes hawaiiensis wakensis S04, Liodes wakensis SN98]
         `--N. zimmermanni (Sellnick 1959) [=Liodes zimmermanni] S04

Neoliodes concentricus (Say 1821) S04 [=Oribata concentrica S04, *Udetaliodes concentrata CH98; incl. Nothrus malleolus Karpelles 1884 S04]

*Neoliodes theleproctus (Hermann 1804) CH98 [=Notaspis theleproctus S04, *Liodes theleproctus CH98; incl. Nothrus circumvallatus Haupt 1882 S04, Nothrus dimera Haupt 1882 S04, Nothrus dorsatus Canestrini & Fanzago 1876 S04]

*Platyliodes doderleini (Berlese 1883) S04 [=Nothrus doderleini S04, Neoliodes (*Platyliodes) doderleini B16; incl. No. venosus Grube 1859 (n. d.) S04]

Poroliodes farinosus (Koch 1839) S04 [=Nothrus farinosus S04, Liodes farinosus N77, Neoliodes farinosus G34; incl. Neoliodes caudatus Berlese 1914 S04, Notaspis theleproctus Michael 1888 non Hermann 1804 S04, Nothrus teleproctus BB92, *Poroliodes theleproctus S04]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BB92] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[B16] Berlese, A. 1916. Centuria terza di Acari nuovi. Redia 12: 289–338.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[G34] Grandjean, F. 1934. Les organes respiratoires secondaires des oribates (acariens). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 103: 109–146.

[G45] Grandjean, F. 1945. La signification évolutive de quelques caractères des acariens (1re série). Bulletin Biologique de la France et de la Belgique 79 (4): 297–325.

[N77] Niedbała, W. 1977. Badania biocenotyczne nad mechowcami (Acari, Oribatei) Masywu Ślęży. Badania Fizjograficzne nad Polską Zachodnią, Seria C—Zoologia 30: 47–73.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[S59] Sellnick, M. 1959. Acarina from southeastern Polynesia—II (Oribatidae). Occasional Papers of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum 22 (9): 109–152.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

[SN98] Swift, S. F., & R. A. Norton. 1998. Preliminary report on oribatid mite (Acari: Oribatida) diversity in the Hawaiian Islands. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 57: 1–44.

Last updated: 22 December 2018.

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