Otocepheidae

Dorsal (left) and ventral views of Dolicheremaeus amazonicus, from Balogh & Balogh (1992 vol. 2).


Belongs within: Circumdehiscentiae.
Contains: Fissicepheus (Fissicepheus), Pseudotocepheus (Pseudotocepheus), Otocepheus (Acrotocepheus).

The Otocepheidae are a family of oribatid mites characterised by well-developed pedotecta (outgrowths of the body wall underlying the base of the legs). Members of this family are particularly common in damp habitats such as moist litter. Members of the pantropical/subtropical genus Dolicheremaeus, which live in very wet, decaying wood, possess respiratory taenidia similar to those found in aquatic oribatids (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009). The family is sometimes divided between two families, Otocepheidae and Tetracondylidae, on the basis of the development of the pedotecta. In Otocepheidae sensu stricto, pedotecta 2+3 are particularly large, so that they are axe-shaped in ventral view or tailfin-shpaed in dorsal view. In 'Tetracondylidae', the pedotecta are distinct but not so extremely developed (Balogh & Balogh 1992).

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Length 500–1600 µm. Body elongated. Gnathosoma normal; chelicerae with dentate chelae, two setae. Prodorsum with costulae present, without true lamellae. Notogaster with octotaxic system absent. Epimera III–IV not distinctly delineated, border of epimere III not visible. Pedotectum II large, auriculate. Distance between genital and anal plates greater than twice length of genital plate.

<==Otocepheidae [Tetracondylidae]
    |--Ocellotocepheus Mahunka 1989 S04
    |    `--*O. tuberculatus Mahunka 1989 S04
    |--Samarocepheus Corpuz-Raros 1990 S04
    |    `--*S. cavernicolus Corpuz-Raros 1990 S04
    |--Cerostocepheus Mahunka 1973 S04
    |    `--*C. trisetosus (Balogh 1970) [=Eurostocepheus trisetosus] S04
    |--Ikarotocepheus Mahunka 1988 S04
    |    `--*I. alatus Mahunka 1988 S04
    |--Philippotocepheus Balogh & Balogh 1992 S04
    |    `--*P. siniloanensis (Corpuz-Raros 1979) [=Papuacepheus siniloanensis] S04
    |--Borneremaeus Mahunka 1991 S04
    |    `--*B. hauseri Mahunka 1991 S04
    |--Bulbocepheus Mahunka 1988 S04
    |    `--*B. hauseorum Mahunka 1988 S04
    |--Fernandocepheus Mahunka 1982 S04
    |    `--*F. franzi Mahunka 1982 S04
    |--Flagellocepheus Balogh 1984 S04
    |    `--*F. sagittatus Balogh 1984 S04
    |--Hydroecocepheus Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |    `--*H. romeroi Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |--Lophotocepheus Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
    |    `--*L. simplex Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
    |--Neotrichocepheus Hammer 1973 S04
    |    `--*N. tongaensis (Hammer 1973) [=Dolicheremaeus (*Neotrichocepheus) tongaensis] S04
    |--Paradolicheremaeus Tseng 1982 S04
    |    `--*P. tabulatus Tseng 1982 S04
    |--Seboetocepheus Mahunka 1985 S04
    |    `--*S. coronatus Mahunka 1985 S04
    |--Trichocondyla Balogh & Balogh 1986 S04
    |    `--*T. multisetosa Balogh & Balogh 1986 S04
    |--Papuacepheus Balogh 1968 S04
    |    |--*P. geminatus (Balogh 1968) [=Megalotocepheus (*Papuacepheus) geminatus] S04
    |    `--P. vagorum Corpuz-Raros 1991 S04
    |--Trichocepheus Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
    |    |--*T. lamellatus Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
    |    `--T. auriculus Grobler 1995 S04
    |--Wallworkodes Balogh & Balogh 2002 S04
    |    |--*W. carinatus (Wallwork 1977) [=Carabodes carinatus] S04
    |    `--W. hyalinus (Wallwork 1977) [=Carabodes hyalinus] S04
    |--Eurostocepheus Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--*E. aquilinus Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--E. heterotrichus Wen 1999 S04
    |    `--E. sajisei Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |--Basiceramerus Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |    |--*B. upelbensis Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |    |--B. babalus Corpuz-Raros 1979 S04
    |    `--B. makilingensis Corpuz-Raros 1989 S04
    |--Kalayaan Corpuz-Raros 1998 S04
    |    |--*K. bonifacioi Corpuz-Raros 1998 S04
    |    |--K. centenarius Corpuz-Raros 1998 S04
    |    `--K. rizali Corpuz-Raros 1998 S04
    |--Rimandocepheus Corpuz-Raros 1998 S04
    |    |--*R. leoi Corpuz-Raros 1998 S04
    |    |--R. brevisetosus Corpuz-Raros 1998 S04
    |    `--R. longisetosus Corpuz-Raros 1998 S04
    |--Afrotocepheus Mahunka 1985 S04
    |    |--*A. (Afrotocepheus) sinarmatus Mahunka 1985 S04
    |    `--A. (Didierotocepheus Mahunka 1994) S04
    |         `--A. (*D.) berndi (Mahunka 1994) [=*Didierotocepheus berndi] S04
    |--Trichotocepheus Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--*T. erabuensis Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |    |--T. e. erabuensis S04
    |    |    `--T. e. modestus Aoki 1973 S04
    |    `--T. amamiensis Aoki 1965 S04
    |--Fissicepheus Balogh & Mahunka 1967 S04
    |    |--F. (Fissicepheus) S04
    |    `--F. (Psammocepheus Aoki 1970) S04
    |         |--F. (*P.) amabilis Aoki 1970 S04
    |         `--F. (P.) haradai Choi 1986 S04
    |--Leptotocepheus Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |--*L. trimucronatus Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |--L. flagellifer Mahunka 1988 S04
    |    |--L. macromucronatus Mahunka 1988 S04
    |    `--L. orientalis Mahunka 1988 S04
    |--Longocepheus Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
    |    |--*L. australis Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
    |    |--L. globosus Grobler 1995 S04
    |    |--L. longus (Balogh 1961) [=Pseudotocepheus longus] S04
    |    `--L. youngai (Mahunka 1984) [=Nesotocepheus youngai] S04
    |--Spinotocepheus Hammer 1981 S04
    |    |--*S. javensis Hammer 1981 S04
    |    |--S. foveolatus Hammer 1981 S04
    |    |--S. nigromaculatus Hammer 1981 S04
    |    `--S. tjibodensis Hammer 1981 S04
    |--Cavernocepheus Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
    |    |--*C. monstruosus Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
    |    |--C. acutus Balogh & Palacios-Vargas 1997 S04
    |    |--C. furcatus Balogh & Palacios-Vargas 1997 S04
    |    |--C. fusifer Balogh & Palacios-Vargas 1997 S04
    |    |--C. monticola Balogh 1989 S04
    |    |--C. obliquus Balogh 2002 S04
    |    `--C. undulatus Balogh 2002 S04
    |--Papillocepheus Balogh & Mahunka 1966 [incl. Clavazetes Hammer 1966] S04
    |    |--*P. heterotrichus Balogh & Mahunka 1966 S04
    |    |--P. areolatus Mahunka 1987 S04
    |    |--P. decoratus Mahunka 1994 S04
    |    |--P. decorus (Hammer 1966) S04 [=*Clavazetes decorus BB92]
    |    |--P. deficiens Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
    |    |--P. neotropicus (Balogh 1988) [=Clavazetes neotropicus] S04
    |    |--P. reductus Mahunka 1994 S04
    |    `--P. tuberculatus (Mahunka 1978) [=Clavazetes tuberculatus] S04
    |--Pseudotocepheus Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |--P. (Pseudotocepheus) S04
    |    `--P. (Constrictocepheus Grobler 1998) S04
    |         |--P. (*C.) geminatus Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
    |         |--P. (C.) coarctatus Balogh 1985 S04
    |         |--P. (C.) curtiseta Hammer 1966 S04
    |         |--P. (C.) gobletus Chakrabarti & Mondal 1978 S04
    |         |--P. (C.) monteithi Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
    |         |--P. (C.) orientalis Mondal & Kundu 1983 S04
    |         |--P. (C.) punctatus Hammer 1966 S04
    |         `--P. (C.) tenuiseta Hammer 1966 S04
    |--Plenotocepheus Hammer 1966 S04
    |    |--P. (Plenotocepheus) S04
    |    |    |--*P. (P.) mollicoma Hammer 1966 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) africanus Mahunka 1984 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) crinitus Grobler 1995 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) delicatissimus Hammer 1966 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) dentatus Grobler 1995 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) discrepans Grobler 1995 S04
    |    |    |--P. (P.) undatus Mahunka 1974 S04
    |    |    `--P. (P.) verrucosus Grobler 1995 S04
    |    `--P. (Neotocepheus Hammer 1966) S04
    |         |--P. (*N.) colliger (Hammer 1966) [=*Neotocepheus colliger] S04
    |         `--P. (N.) longipilus (Trägardh 1931) [=Otocepheus longipilus] S04
    |--Megalotocepheus Aoki 1965 [incl. Archegotocepheus Mahunka 1988] S04
    |    |--*M. japonicus Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |    |--M. j. japonicus S04
    |    |    `--M. j. setosus Aoki 1987 S04
    |    |--M. brevisetus (Mahunka 1989) [=Archegotocepheus brevisetus] S04
    |    |--M. ceylonicus Balogh 1970 S04
    |    |--M. crinitus (Berlese 1905) [=Carabodes (Otocepheus) crinitus] S04
    |    |--M. fornicatus Wen 1999 S04
    |    |--M. hainanensis Wen & Zhao 1993 S04
    |    |--M. himalayensis Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--M. latus Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--M. loksai Balogh 1970 S04
    |    |--M. mahunkarum Balogh & Balogh 2002 [incl. M. ceylonicus Mahunka 1973 non Balogh 1970] S04
    |    |--M. nigrolobatus Hammer 1981 S04
    |    |--M. polyptychus Wen 1999 S04
    |    |--M. singularis (Mahunka 1988) S04 [=*Archegotocepheus singularis BB92]
    |    |--M. tianschanicus Krivolutsky 1969 S04
    |    `--M. undulatus Hammer 1981 S04
    |--Otocepheus Berlese 1905 S04
    |    |  i. s.: O. bajau Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |         O. berndhauseri Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |         O. cristatus (Canestrini 1897) [=Eremaeus cristatus] S04
    |    |         O. durian Mahunka 1997 S04
    |    |         O. hauseri Mahunka 1989 S04
    |    |         O. heterosetiger Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |         O. kadazan Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |         O. keningau Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |         O. lienhardorum Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |         O. negrosensis Corpuz-Raros 1991 S04
    |    |         O. nepenthes Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |         O. orangutan Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |         O. pacificus Trägardh 1931 (n. d.) S04
    |    |         O. plumosus Mahunka 1989 S04
    |    |         O. rafflesiae Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |         O. reniformis Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |         O. spatulatus Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |         O. verrucosus Mahunka 2000 S04
    |    |--*O. (Otocepheus) longior (Berlese 1905) [=Carabodes (*O.) longior] S04
    |    |--O. (Acrotocepheus) NB-P09
    |    `--‘Acrotocepheus’ (Hexatocepheus Wen 1993) S04
    |         `--A. (*H.) emeiensis Wen 1993 S04
    `--Dolicheremaeus Jacot 1938 NB-P09, S04 [incl. Dicondyla Aoki 1965 S04, Tetracondyla Newell 1956 S04]
         |--*D. rubripedes Jacot 1938 S04
         |--D. absolon (Balogh & Csiszár 1963) [=Tetracondyla absolon] S04
         |--D. africanus (Wallwork 1962) [=Tetracondyla africana] S04
         |--D. almerodai Corpuz-Raros 1991 S04
         |--D. alticola Balogh & Balogh 1986 S04
         |--D. alveolatus (Oudemans 1915) [=Carabodes alveolatus] S04
         |--D. amazonicus Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
         |--D. andulauensis Mahunka 1997 S04
         |--D. angustus Hammer 1981 S04
         |--D. aokii Balogh & Mahunka 1967 S04
         |--D. auritus (Aoki 1965) [=Dicondyla aurita] S04
         |--D. baloghi Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. bartkei Rajski & Szudrowicz 1974 S04
         |--D. bengalensis Sanyal 1992 S04
         |--D. bifidus (Csiszár 1961) [=Tetracondyla bifida] S04
         |--D. bolivianus Balogh & Mahunka 1969 S04
         |--D. brasilianus Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1993 S04
         |--D. bruneiensis Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. capillatus (Balogh 1959) [=Tetracondyla capillata] S04
         |    |--D. c. capillatus S04
         |    `--D. c. neonominatus Subías 2004 (see below for synonymy) S04
         |--D. capreolatus (Wallwork 1962) [=Tetracondyla capreolata] S04
         |--D. carinatus Aoki 1995 S04
         |--D. ceylonicus Balogh 1970 S04
         |--D. cicatricosus Mahunka 1991 S04
         |--D. claviger Mahunka 2000 S04
         |--D. conjunctus Mahunka 1973 S04
         |--D. coronarius Chakrabarti, Bhaduri & Kundu 1981 S04
         |--D. crispus (Balogh 1962) [=Tetracondyla crispa] S04
         |--D. curvisetus Mahunka 1974 S04
         |--D. cuspidatus (Wallwork 1962) [=Tetracondyla cuspidata] S04
         |--D. damoeoides (Berlese 1913) S04 (see below for synonymy)
         |--D. densefoveolatus Balogh 1988 S04
         |--D. distinctus Aoki 1982 S04
         |--D. dorni (Balogh 1937) [=Oppia dorni] S04
         |--D. duplicarinatus Hammer 1981 S04
         |--D. duplicatus Mahunka 1989 S04
         |--D. elisabethae Balogh 1970 S04
         |--D. elongatus Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. euaensis Hammer 1973 S04
         |--D. fijiensis Hammer 1971 S04
         |--D. fujikawae Mahunka 2000 S04
         |--D. furcatus (Balogh 1961) [=Tetracondyla furcata] S04
         |--D. furcillatus Mahunka 1977 S04
         |--D. furcula Balogh 1970 S04
         |--D. geminus Mondal & Kundu 1986 S04
         |--D. georgii Bulanova-Zachvatkina 1967 S04
         |--D. giganticus (Wallwork 1962) [=Tetracondyla gigantica] S04
         |--D. grafatus Mahunka 1988 S04
         |--D. granulatus Hammer 1981 S04
         |--D. heterotrichus Balogh & Balogh 1986 S04
         |--D. himalayensis Chakrabarti, Bhaduri & Kundu 1981 S04
         |--D. hirsutus (Wallwork 1962) [=Tetracondyla hirsuta] S04
         |--D. inaequalis Balogh & Mahunka 1967 S04
         |--D. indicus Haq 1978 S04
         |--D. infrequens Aoki 1967 S04
         |    |--D. i. infrequens S04
         |    |--D. i. amamiensis Aoki 1982 S04
         |    |--D. i. coreanus Choi 1986 S04
         |    |--D. i. hachijoensis Aoki 1967 S04
         |    `--D. i. taiwanus Aoki 1991 S04
         |--D. inopinatus Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. keralensis Sanyal 1990 S04
         |--D. krantzi Mahunka 2000 S04
         |--D. kummeri Balogh 1970 S04
         |--D. lineatus Balogh 1970 S04
         |--D. lineolatus Balogh & Mahunka 1967 S04
         |--D. longipilus (Higgins & Woolley 1963) [=Autogneta longipila] S04
         |--D. lucidus (Wallwork 1962) [=Tetracondyla lucida] S04
         |--D. luxtoni Mahunka 2000 S04
         |--D. machadoi (Balogh 1958) [=Tetracondyla machadoi] S04
         |--D. magnus (Balogh 1958) [=Tetracondyla magna] S04
         |    |--D. m. magnus S04
         |    |--D. m. ghanensis (Wallwork 1962) [=Tetracondyla magna ghanensis] S04
         |    |--D. m. iteratus Subías 2004 (see below for synonymy) S04
         |    `--D. m. longiseta (Wallwork 1962) [=Tetracondyla magna longiseta] S04
         |--D. malangensis Hammer 1981 S04
         |--D. manifera Hammer 1981 S04
         |--D. mariehammerae Corpuz-Raros 1991 S04
         |--D. markusi Balogh 1970 S04
         |--D. mauritii Mahunka 1978 S04
         |--D. minor (Berlese 1913) [=Otocepheus longior minor] S04
         |--D. montanus Krivolutsky 1971 S04
         |--D. murphyi Mahunka 1989 S04
         |--D. mutabilis Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. nasalis Hammer 1981 S04
         |--D. nepalensis Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. nimbus Karppinen 1966 S04
         |--D. obsessus Subías 2004 [=D. lineolatus Hammer 1981 non Balogh & Mahunka 1967] S04
         |--D. obtusisetus Mahunka 1988 S04
         |--D. oginoi (Aoki 1965) [=Dicondyla oginoi] S04
         |--D. orientalis (Aoki 1965) [=Tetracondyla orientalis] S04
         |--D. ornatus Balogh & Mahunka 1967 S04
         |--D. pannosus Hammer 1981 S04
         |--D. papuensis Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. pectinatus Balogh 1970 S04
         |--D. perisi Pérez-Íñigo 1969 S04
         |--D. perreti Mahunka 1974 S04
         |--D. philippinensis Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. phyllotrichus Mahunka 1988 S04
         |--D. plurisetus Mahunka 1988 S04
         |--D. porcinolus Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. praeoccupatus Subías 2004 [=D. curvisetus Hammer 1981 non Mahunka 1974] S04
         |--D. pseudofurcatus Mahunka 1988 S04
         |--D. punctatus Mahunka 2000 S04
         |--D. pustulatus Mahunka 1989 S04
         |--D. renukae Sanyal 1990 S04
         |--D. repetitus Subías 2004 [=D. elongatus Balogh 1968 non Aoki 1967] S04
         |--D. robustus Mahunka 1973 S04
         |--D. sabahnus Mahunka 1988 S04
         |--D. samarensis Corpuz-Raros 1990 S04
         |--D. semicapillatus (Balogh 1962) [=Tetracondyla semicapillata] S04
         |--D. semilunatus Hammer 1981 S04
         |--D. seychellensis (Warburton 1912) [=Amerus seychellensis] S04
         |--D. siamensis Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. simplex (Balogh 1962) [=Tetracondyla simplex] S04
         |--D. singaporensis Mahunka 1989 S04
         |--D. speciosus (Pearce 1906) (n. d.) [=Amerus speciosus] S04
         |--D. subsimilis Balogh 1968 S04
         |--D. sulcatus Mahunka 2000 S04
         |--D. sumatranus Mahunka 1989 S04
         |--D. szentivanyi Balogh 1968 S04
         |--D. taidinchani Mahunka 1976 S04
         |--D. tamurai Aoki 1990 S04
         |--D. tricornutus Mahunka 1982 S04
         |--D. trimucronatus Mahunka 1973 S04
         |--D. varilobatus Hammer 1981 S04
         |--D. variolatus Mahunka 1989 S04
         |--D. vilhenarum (Balogh 1958) [=Tetracondyla vilhenarum] S04
         |    |--D. v. vilhenarum S04
         |    `--D. v. barbatula (Wallwork 1962) [=Tetracondyla vilhenarum barbatula] S04
         |--D. vitraeus (Balogh 1958) [=Tetracondyla vitraea] S04
         |--D. wallacei Mahunka 1997 S04
         |--D. wallworki Aoki 1967 S04
         |--D. wangi Aoki & Hu 1993 S04
         |--D. yoshii Mahunka 2000 S04
         `--D. yunnanensis (Wen 1999) [=Dicondyla yunnanensis] S04

Dolicheremaeus capillatus neonominatus Subías 2004 [=Tetracondyla capillata minor Wallwork 1962 non Otocepheus longior minor Berlese 1913] S04

Dolicheremaeus damoeoides (Berlese 1913) S04 [=Otocepheus damoeoides S04; incl. D. berlesei Balogh & Balogh 2002 S04, Tetracondyla pallida Newell 1956 S04, D. pallida SN98]

Dolicheremaeus magnus iteratus Subías 2004 [=Tetracondyla magna minor Wallwork 1962 nec Otocepheus longior minor Berlese 1913 nec Tetracondyla capillata minor Wallwork 1962] S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB92] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

[SN98] Swift, S. F., & R. A. Norton. 1998. Preliminary report on oribatid mite (Acari: Oribatida) diversity in the Hawaiian Islands. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 57: 1–44.

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