Calliphoridae

Catapicephala splendens, copyright Meenakshi Bharti.


Belongs within: Oestroidea.
Contains: Phumosia, Auchmeromyiinae, Ameniini, Phormiinae, Chrysomyinae, Bengalia, Calliphorinae.

The Calliphoridae include the blowflies, which are often scavengers of rotting meat and/or vegetation. Several species have larvae that are either facultative or obligatory parasites of vertebrates; a smaller number are parasitic on invertebrates (Askew 1971). The monophyly of the Calliphoridae as usually recognised is uncertain; a number of the several subfamilies recognised may need to be reclassified. These include the Ameniinae, a group of large metallic flies whose larvae are parasitic on snails. Mesembrinella is a Neotropical genus of non-metallic species found in rain and cloud forests, characterised by erect hairlike setae under the scutellum (Vargas & Wood 2010).

Characters (from Vargas & Wood 2010): Medium-sized to large flies (body length 5-15 mm), usually shiny, metallic green, blue or purple, at least on abdomen. Frons of male narrower, and eye larger, than that of female, and usually lacking proclinate orbital bristles; chaetotaxy otherwise similar in both sexes. Lowest frontal bristle arising at level of base of antenna. Gena with well-developed genal dilation. Vibrissa usually arising above level of lower facial margin. Facial ridge usually bristled more than halfway to base of antenna. Pedicel with single elongate bristle among few shorter setae. First flagellomere similar in length in both sexes, or slightly longer in female. Arista long-plumose dorsally and ventrally. Palpus clavate. Notopleuron with two setae. Postpronotum with three major bristles in transverse row, sometimes preceded by fourth smaller bristle, ocassionally with middle bristle displaced anteriorly or absent. Meron with row of well-developed bristles. Wing with bend in vein M.

<==Calliphoridae
    |--Mimodexia [Mimodexiinae] F92
    |    `--M. magnifica F92
    `--+--+--Mesembrinella VW10 (see below for synonymy)
       |  |    |--M. abaca VW10
       |  |    |--M. bicolor VW10
       |  |    `--M. quadrilineata Fabricius 1805 KP10
       |  `--Ameniinae F92
       |       |--Ameniini PG-M04
       |       `--Parameniini PG-M04
       |            |--Paramenia Brauer & Bergestamm 1889 [incl. Calliphoropsis Townsend 1915] PG-M04
       |            |    |--*P. semiauriceps Brauer & Bergestamm 1889 PG-M04
       |            |    `--‘Musca’ macularis Walker 1859 [=*Calliphoropsis macularis] PG-M04
       |            `--Catapicephala Macquart 1851 [incl. Trongia Townsend 1916; Catapicephalini] PG-M04
       |                 |--*C. splendens Macquart 1851 PG-M04
       |                 |--C. micans (Fabricius 1805) F92, PG-M04 (see below for synonymy)
       |                 `--C. sinica Fan 1965 F92
       `--+--Phormiinae KP10
          `--+--+--Chrysomyinae KP10
             |  `--Bengalia KP10
             `--Calliphorinae KP10

Calliphoridae incertae sedis:
  Termitolaemus Baranov 1936 PG-M04
    `--*T. marshalli Baranov 1936 PG-M04
  Termitocalliphora Bauristhene in Pont 1980 PG-M04
    `--*T. machadoi Bauristhene 1964 PG-M04
  Cretaphormia McAlpine 1970 PG-M04
    `--*C. fowleri McAlpine 1970 PG-M04
  Gymnostilina Macquart 1855 PG-M04
    `--*G. nitida Macquart 1855 PG-M04
  Pollenoides Matsumura 1916 PG-M04
    `--*P. kuwanianus Matsumura 1916 PG-M04
  Propollenia Müller 1926 PG-M04
    `--*P. setosa Müller 1926 PG-M04
  Aphyssura Hardy 1940 [Aphyssurinae] PG-M04
    `--*A. minuta (Malloch 1928) [=Melinda minuta] PG-M04
  Phumosinae [Phumosiini] PG-M04
    |--Phumosia PG-M04
    `--Euphumosia Malloch 1926 PG-M04
         |--*E. papua (Meneville 1830) [=Musca papua] PG-M04
         |--E. evittata PG-M04
         `--E. maai PG-M04
  Auchmeromyiinae PG-M04
  Laneella [Laneelinae] VW10
    `--L. nigripes VW10
  Trypocalliphora VW10
  Souzalopesiella [Souzalopesiellinae] VW10
    `--S. facialis VW10
  Coganomyia Dear 1977 [Coganomyinae] PG-M04
    `--*C. ornata Dear 1977 PG-M04

Catapicephala micans (Fabricius 1805) F92, PG-M04 [=Musca micans PG-M04; incl. *Trongia Townsend 1916 (no species name?) PG-M04]

Mesembrinella VW10 [incl. Eumesembrinella VW10, Huascaromusca VW10; Mesembrinellidae, Mesembrinellinae F92, Eumesembrinellini, Mesembrinellini]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[KP10] Kutty, S. N., T. Pape, B. M. Wiegmann & R. Meier. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) with an emphasis on the superfamily Oestroidea and the position of Mystacinobiidae and McAlpine's fly. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.

[PG-M04] Peris, S. V., & D. González-Mora. 2004. Clave de identificación para los géneros de Calliphoridae del mundo. Subfamilias con vena remigium desnuda y creación de una nueva subfamilia. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. (Sec. Biol.) 99 (1–4): 115–144.

[VW10] Vargas, J., & D. M. Wood. 2010. Calliphoridae (blow flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1297–1304. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

Last updated: 23 November 2019.

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