Asclepiadoideae

Rosary vine Ceropegia woodii, copyright Céropégia.


Belongs within: Euapocynoidina.
Contains: Asclepiadeae, Marsdenieae.

The Asclepiadoideae are a group of milkweeds possessing clasping translators with two pollinia per translator. As the Asclepiadoidina, they were defined by Sennblad & Bremer (2002) to represent the largest clade including Fockea and Asclepias but not Secamoneae. Members of this clade have been divided between four tribes, the Fockeeae, Ceropegieae, Marsdenieae and Asclepiadeae. In members of the Fockeeae, containing two genera found in sub-Saharan Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, the pollinia are sessile (Thulin et al. 2008).

<==Asclepiadoideae [Asclepiadoidina]
    |--Fockeeae TGL-S08
    |    |--Cibirhiza TGL-S08
    |    |    |--C. dhofarensis TGL-S08
    |    |    `--+--C. albersiana TGL-S08
    |    |       `--C. spiculata Thulin & Goyder in Thulin, Goyder & Liede-Schumann 2008 TGL-S08
    |    `--Fockea TGL-S08
    |         |--F. multiflora TGL-S08
    |         `--+--F. angustifolia TGL-S08
    |            |--F. capensis TGL-S08
    |            |--F. edulis TGL-S08
    |            `--+--F. comaru TGL-S08
    |               `--F. sinuata TGL-S08
    `--+--Asclepiadeae TGL-S08
       `--+--Marsdenieae TGL-S08
          `--Ceropegieae TGL-S08
               |  i. s.: Stapelia SB02
               |           |--S. grandiflora B00
               |           |--S. kwebensis [incl. S. longipedicellata] CV06
               |           |--S. leendertziae SB02
               |           |--S. pearsonii CV06
               |           |--S. peglerae SK02
               |           |--S. remota CV06
               |           |--S. schinzii CV06
               |           |    |--S. s. var. schinzii CV06
               |           |    `--S. s. var. bergeriana CV06
               |           `--S. variegata B00
               |--+--Anisotoma cordifolia TGL-S08
               |  `--Neoschumannia kamerunensis TGL-S08
               `--+--Caralluma arachnoidea TGL-S08
                  `--Ceropegia TGL-S08
                       |--C. bulbosa PP07
                       |--C. cumingiana B00
                       |--C. dinteri CV06
                       |--C. hirsuta P03
                       |--C. nilotica TGL-S08
                       `--C. woodii SB02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 121–142.

[SB02] Sennblad, B., & B. Bremer. 2002. Classification of Apocynaceae s.l. according to a new approach combining Linnaean and phylogenetic taxonomy. Systematic Biology 51 (3): 389–409.

[SK02] Struwe, L., J. W. Kadereit, J. Klackenberg, S. Nilsson, M. Thiv, K. B. von Hagen & V. A. Albert. 2002. Systematics, character evolution, and biogeography of Gentianaceae, including a new tribal and subtribal classification. In: Struwe, L., & V. A. Albert (eds) Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History pp. 21–309. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

[TGL-S08] Thulin, M., D. Goyder & S. Liede-Schumann. 2008. Cibirhiza spiculata (Apocynaceae), a remarkable new species from eastern Ethiopia. Kew Bulletin 63 (4): 617–624.

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