Eudermaptera

Male European earwig Forficula auricularia, photographed by Eugene Zelenko.


Belongs within: Neodermaptera.

The Eudermaptera are a clade of earwigs characterised by the reduction of the male genitalia to a single penal lobe and single virga, and having the expanded regions of the anal and intercalary veins distinctly separated (Grimaldi & Engel 2005).

<==Eudermaptera
    |  i. s.: Chelisoficula Nel, Waller et al. 2003 NW03
    |           `--*C. caussaneli Nel, Waller et al. 2003 NW03
    |--Labioidea S02
    |    |--Arixenia A71 [Arixeniidae GE05, Arixenina]
    |    |    |--A. esau A71
    |    |    `--A. jacobsoni A71
    |    |--Spongiphoridae [Spongiphorinae] GE05
    |    |    |--Sinolabia longyouensis S02
    |    |    `--Auchenomus forcipatus TW05
    |    `--Labiidae S02
    |         |  i. s.: Cretolabia S02
    |         |         Caririlabia S02
    |         |         Spongovostox NW03
    |         |           |--S. cornutus Brindle 1973 NW03
    |         |           `--S. doddi ZS10
    |         |--Nesolabia [Geracinae] NW03
    |         |    `--N. longicollis Hincks 1957 NW03
    |         `--Labia [Labiinae] B14
    |              |--L. canaca Burr 1903 B14
    |              `--L. curvicaudata GE05
    `--+--Chelisochidae NW03
       |    |--Chelisochella superba (Dorhn 1865) NW03
       |    |--Schizoproreus delicatulus (Burr 1911) NW03
       |    |--Adiathetus glaucopterus (Bormans 1888) NW03
       |    |--Genitalata mahajani Kapoor 1974 NW03
       |    |--Proreus simulans (Stål 1860) NW03
       |    |--Chelisoches Scudder 1876 [Chelisochidae] NW03
       |    |    `--C. morio TW05
       |    `--Hamaxas NW03
       |         |--H. bidentatus Ramamurthi 1965 NW03
       |         `--H. singhi Kapoor 1966 NW03
       `--Forficulidae NW03
            |--Eparchus biroi TW05
            |--Hadanechura Zhang et al. 1994 NW03
            |    `--*H. sisypha Zhang et al. 1994 NW03
            |--Apanechura Zhang 1989 NW03
            |    |--A. asceta Zhang 1989 NW03
            |    `--A. ooides Zhang 1989 NW03
            `--Forficula Linnaeus 1758 NW03
                 |--F. auricularia GE05
                 |--F. paleocaenica Willmann 1990 NW03
                 `--F. tomis S02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B14] Burr, M. 1914. Les Dermaptères de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Loyalty. In Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1, Heft IV (F. Sarasin & J. Roux, eds) pp. 315-324, pl. 9. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[NW03] Nel, A., A. Waller, V. Albouy, J.-J. Menier & G. de Ploëg. 2003. New fossil earwigs from the lowermost Eocene amber of Paris Basin (France) (Insecta, Dermaptera, family incertae sedis). Geodiversitas 25 (1): 119-129.

[S02] Shcherbakov, D. E. 2002. Order Forficulida Latreille, 1810. The earwigs and protelytropterans (=Dermaptera DeGeer, 1773 +Protelytroptera Tillyard, 1931). In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 288-291. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240-257.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P. & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS