Uropodoidea

Dinychus sp., copyright Scott Justis.


Belongs within: Uropodina.
Contains: Trichocylliba, Oplitis, Discourella, Trachyuropoda, Nenteria, Uroobovella, Trichouropoda, Uropoda.

The Uropodoidea are a diverse group of mites found in soil, humus, animal nests or decaying organic matter (Lindquist et al. 2009).

Characters (from Lindquist et al. 2009): Coxae I broad, covering or partially covering narrow tritosternal base, vertex and camerostome well developed, pedofossae often present; palpgenu with 4–5 setae. Dorsal shield of adults smooth or variously ornamented, sometimes with deep pits and ridges, entire or with a posterior pygidial element, free or contiguous with holoventral shield, fused anteriorly to peritrematic elements and often bordered by marginal scutella or coalesced marginal shields; pygidial shield, when present, may be narrow to broad, sometimes subdivided, with or without setae. Chelicerae elongate, sometimes appearing four-segmented, without lyrifissure, terminal digits usually small and often bearing elaborate sensory structures, pilus dentilis present or absent, levator tendon with or without a sclerotized node. Peritremes well developed and often convoluted or serpentine, tritosternal laciniae fused basally and often subdivided distally. Femur I with 8–9 setae, genua III–IV without (or occasionally with 1) ventral setae, tibia I with only 3 dorsal and 2 ventral setae (typically 1 1/1, 2/1 1). Female genital opening covered by a single nude epigynal shield, paraanal elements absent. Male with holoventral shield, genital opening between coxae II–IV (rarely postcoxal), covered by 1–2 valves; protonymph with separate or fused podonotal and mesonotal elements; phoretic deutonymphs may attach to host via strand produced by anal pedicel.

<==Uropodoidea [Prodinychini] LKW09
    |--Clausiadinychus Sellnick 1930 KA90, FH93 [Clausiadinychidae FH93]
    |    `--C. cristatus Sellnick 1930 FH93
    |--Thrichocyllibidae [Circocyllibidae, Coxequesomidae, Planodiscidae, Trichocyllibidae] FH93
    |    |--Trichocylliba ET79
    |    |--Antennequesoma Sellnick 1926 FH93
    |    `--Hirtitrichocyllibula Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--Metagynella Berlese in Trouessart & Berlese 1919 FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--*M. paradoxa Berlese 1919 ET79
    |    |--M. lindquisti Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--M. mexicana Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--M. moseri Hirschmann 1975 FH93
    |    `--M. parvula Camin 1953 FH93
    |--Eutrachytidae FH93
    |    |--Dentibaiulus Schuster 1962 FH93
    |    |--Dicornutophorus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Mayaphorus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    `--Eutrachytes Berlese 1914 S61, FH93
    |         `--E. gaieri Schweizer 1961 S61
    |--Prodinychidae FH93
    |    |--Allodinychus Tragardh 1943 FH93
    |    |--Trachyxenura Leitner 1947 FH93
    |    `--Prodinychus Berlese 1917 ET79, FH93
    |         |--*P. fimicolus (Berlese 1903) [=Dinychus fimicolus] ET79
    |         |--P. americanus (Banks 1904) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |         |--P. flagellifer (Berlese 1910) FH93 [=Dinychus flagellifer FH93, Allodinychus flagellifer S61]
    |         |--P. hummelincki Sellnick 1963 FH93
    |         `--P. tetraphyllus (Berlese 1903) FH93 [=Dinychus tetraphyllus FH93, Phyllodinychus tetraphyllus S61]
    |--Macrodinychidae FH93
    |    |--Baloghmacrodinychus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Bregetovamacrodinychus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Loksamacrodinychus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    `--Macrodinychus Berlese 1917 FH93
    |         |  i. s.: M. andrassyi Hirschmann 1975 H98
    |         |         M. baloghi Hirschmann 1975 H98
    |         |         M. parallelepipidus KGG07
    |         |--M. (Macrodinychus) VKC07
    |         |    |--M. (M.) paraguayensis VKC07
    |         |    `--M. (M.) sellnicki Hirschmann & Zirngiebl-Nicol 1974 FH93
    |         `--M. (Monomacrodinychus) multispinosus Sellnick 1973 FH93
    |--Oplitidae LKW09
    |    |--Oplitis ET79
    |    |--Berleseoplitis Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Cariboplitis Sellnick 1963 FH93
    |    |--Chelonuropoda Sellnick 1954 FH93
    |    |--Marginura Sellnick 1926 FH93
    |    |--Sellnickoplitis Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Stammeroplitis Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Uropectinia Kneissl 1908 FH93
    |    |--Uroplitana Sellnick 1926 FH93
    |    |--Woelkeoplitis Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    `--Womersleyoplitis Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--Uroactiniidae [Uroactiniinae] LKW09
    |    |--Chiropturopoda Sellnick 1958 FH93
    |    |--Centrouropoda Berlese 1916 FH93
    |    |    `--C. rackae Hirschmann 1975 FH93
    |    `--Uroactinia Hirschmann & Zirngiebl-Nicol 1964 H98
    |         |--*U. consanguinea [=Uropoda consanguinea] D81
    |         |--U. agitans (Banks in Newell 1908) LKW09, FH93 [=Uropoda agitans] FH93
    |         |--U. anchor (Trouessart 1902) [=Uropoda anchor; incl. Fuscuropoda hippocrepoides Vitzthum 1939] FH93
    |         |--U. centroamericana (Stoll 1893) [=Uropoda centroamericana] FH93
    |         |--U. domrowi Hirschmann 1990 H98
    |         |--U. hippocrepea (Berlese 1918) [=Fuscuropoda hippocrepea] FH93
    |         |--U. hirschmanni Hiramatsu 1978 FH93
    |         |--U. ovata (Fox 1948) [=Fuscuropoda ovata] FH93
    |         `--U. rarosae VKC07
    |--Discourellidae FH93
    |    |--Discourella LKW09
    |    |--Baloghurella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Capitodiscus Vitzthum 1931 FH93
    |    |--Clivosurella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Comydinychus Berlese 1917 FH93
    |    |--Cosmogynurella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Formosaurella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Gerlachurella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Longicarinaturella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Reticulaturella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Rotundurella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    `--Stammerurella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |--Trachyuropodidae [Phymatodiscidae, Trachyuropodidae, Trachyuropodina, Trachyuropodini, Trachyuropodoidea] LKW09
    |    |--Phymatodiscus Berlese 1917 VKC07, FH93
    |    |--Trachyuropoda ET79
    |    |--Arculatatrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Bostocktrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Castritrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Cephalojanetia Willmann 1951 FH93
    |    |--Cephalouropoda Berlese 1903 FH93
    |    |--Cristicepstrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Excavatatrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Foliatrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Graecatrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Lindquisttrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Magnatrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Origmatrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Trogulotrachys Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Leonardiella Berlese 1904 FH93
    |    |    `--*L. canestriniana (Berlese 1891) ET79, FH93 [=Uropoda canestriniana FH93]
    |    `--Urojanetia Berlese 1913 [incl. Janetiella Berlese 1904 (preoc.)] FH93
    |         `--U. cristipes S61
    |--Nenteriidae FH93
    |    |--Nenteria KA90
    |    |--Calurodiscus Radford 1950 FH93
    |    |--Castrinenteria Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Stylinenteria Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Austrodinychus Trägårdh 1952 FH93
    |    |    |--A. canadiensis (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria canadiensis] FH93
    |    |    |--A. chiapasus (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria chiapasa] FH93
    |    |    |--A. fungivorus (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria fungivora] FH93
    |    |    |--A. howdeni (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria howdeni] FH93
    |    |    |--A. martini (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria martini] FH93
    |    |    |--A. mexicanus (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria mexicana] FH93
    |    |    |--A. moseri (Hirschmann 1972) [=Nenteria moseri] FH93
    |    |    `--A. sellnicki (Hirschmann & Wiśniewski 1985) [=Nenteria sellnicki] FH93
    |    `--Ruhmnenteria Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |         |--R. bretonensis (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria bretonensis] FH93
    |         |--R. chihuahuaensis (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria chihuahuaensis] FH93
    |         |--R. durangoensis (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria durangoensis] FH93
    |         |--R. eutamiasae (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria eutamiasae] FH93
    |         |--R. microti (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria microti] FH93
    |         |--R. orghidani (Huţu 1977) [=Nenteria orghidani] FH93
    |         |--R. potosi (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria potosi] FH93
    |         `--R. saltoensis (Hirschmann 1978) [=Nenteria saltoensis] FH93
    |--Dinychidae [Dinychini, Urodiaspididae] LKW09
    |    |--Uroobovella LKW09
    |    |--Dipolyaspis Berlese 1916 FH93
    |    |    `--*P. sansonei (Berlese 1916) [=Polyaspis (*Dipolyaspis) sansonei] B16
    |    |--Diurodinychus FH93
    |    |--Phyllodinychus Trägårdh 1943 FH93
    |    |--Lindquistidiaspis Hirschmann 1984 FH93
    |    |    `--L. lindquisti (Hirschmann 1979) [=Urodiaspis lindquisti] FH93
    |    |--Urodiaspis Berlese 1916 ET79
    |    |    |--*U. tecta (Kramer 1876) [=Notaspis tectus] ET79
    |    |    |--U. pannonica Willmann 1951 K07b
    |    |    `--U. walkeri Hirschmann & Zirngiebl-Nicol 1969 FH93
    |    |--Crinitodiscus Sellnick 1931 FH93
    |    |    `--C. (Oriendiscus) EU03
    |    |         |--C. (O.) pawlolowski EU03
    |    |         `--C. (O.) rafalskii EU03
    |    `--Dinychus Kramer 1886 FH93
    |         |--*D. perforatus Kramer 1882 ET79
    |         |--D. greensladeae Bloszyk & Halliday 1995 H98
    |         |--D. inermis (Koch 1841) [=Sejus inermis; incl. D. vartismithi Hull 1918] FH93
    |         |--D. micropunctatus Evans 1955 FH93
    |         |--D. ornatus (Fox 1957) [=Phyllodynchus ornatus[ FH93
    |         |--D. ovatus (Ewing 1909) [=Polyaspis ovatus] FH93
    |         |--D. ruseki Athias-Binche, Błoszyk & Olszanowski 1989 FH93
    |         `--D. septentrionalis (Trägårdh 1943) [=Phyllodinychus septentrionalis] FH93
    |--Trematuridae [Trematurellidae, Trematurini] LKW09
    |    |--Trichouropoda LKW09
    |    |--Trematurella Trägårdh 1942 FH93
    |    |--Dentidinychus Sellnick 1926 FH93
    |    |--Gitodinychus Berlese 1917 FH93
    |    |--Trematuroides Cooreman 1960 FH93
    |    |--Trichodinychus Berlese 1917 FH93
    |    |--Trichointerstructura Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Trichosociata Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Urolaelaps Berlese 1916 FH93
    |    |--Urospina Sellnick 1931 FH93
    |    |--Trematura Berlese 1917 ET79
    |    |    |--*T. patavina (Can. 1885) [=Uropoda patavina] ET79
    |    |    `--T. jacksoni ET79
    |    |--Leiodinychus Berlese 1917 FH93
    |    |    |--L. orbicularis LO91
    |    |    `--L. parasititucs SH01
    |    `--Oodinychus Berlese 1917 FH93
    |         |--*O. janeti (Berlese 1904) [=Urodinychus janeti] ET79
    |         |--O. granulatus Sellnick 1963 FH93
    |         |--O. jurassicus Schweizer 1961 S61
    |         |--O. karawaiewi Berlese 1903 S61
    |         |--O. margaritaensis Sellnick 1963 FH93
    |         |--O. ovalis (Koch 1839) MS91 [=Uropoda ovalis S61]
    |         `--O. venezolanus Sellnick 1963 FH93
    |--Urodinychidae [Rotundabaloghiidae, Urodinychini] VKC07
    |    |--Angulobaloghia Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Appendiculobovella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Calouropoda Berlese 1916 FH93
    |    |--Dinychopsis Berlese 19126 FH93
    |    |--Formosaobovella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Indotrachytes Deb & Raychandhuri 1965 FH93
    |    |--Olouropoda Berlese 1916 FH93
    |    |--Paradinychus Berlese 1916 FH93
    |    |    `--*P. venustus Berlese 1916 B16
    |    |--Phaulotrachytes Oudemans 1913 FH93
    |    |--Polyaspidiella Berlese 1910 FH93
    |    |--Pulchellaobovella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |--Styluropoda Trägåardh 1952 FH93
    |    |--Urocyclella Berlese 1913 FH93
    |    |--Urocyclellopsis Willmann 1953 FH93
    |    |--Dinychura Berlese 1913 FH93
    |    |    `--D. cordieri Berlese 1916 [=Discourella cordieri] ET79
    |    |--Vinicoloraobovella Hirschmann 1979 FH93
    |    |    `--V. americana (Hirschmann 1972) (see below for synonymy) FH93
    |    |--Dendrouropoda Willmann 1959 FH93
    |    |    `--D. vallei S79
    |    |--Neoseius Oudemans 1903 FH93
    |    |    `--N. novus WP99
    |    |--Sellnickiobovella Hirschmann 1984 FH93
    |    |    |--S. hilli (Sellnick 1970) [=Fuscuropoda hilli] FH93
    |    |    `--S. marmorea (Fox 1948) [=Fuscuropoda marmorea] FH93
    |    |--Urosternella Berlese 1903 FH93
    |    |    |--U. cylindrica (Berlese 1913) [=Urodinychus cylindricus] FH93
    |    |    `--U. neptuni S79
    |    |--Urodinychus Berlese 1903 ET79
    |    |    |--*U. carinatus (Berlese 1888) [=Uropoda carinata] ET79
    |    |    |--U. karawaiewi S22
    |    |    `--U. ovalis S22
    |    `--Rotundabaloghia Hirschmann 1975 VKC07, K07a
    |         |--R. benyovszkyi Kontschán 2007 K07a
    |         |--R. liriformes Hirschmann 1992 VKC07
    |         `--R. madagascarensis Kontschán 2007 K07a
    `--Uropodidae [Castriidinychidae, Cillibidae, Deraiophoridae, Phaulodinychidae, Uropoden, Uropodini] LKW09
         |--Habeogula LKW09
         |--Uropoda LKW09
         |--Australiuropoda Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Ceyloniphorus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Discotrachytes Berlese 1916 FH93
         |--Foveolaturopoda Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Gibbauropoda Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Heterodinychus Berlese 1912 FH93
         |--Interrupturopoda Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Jerzywisniewskia Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Karguropoda Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Laqueaturopoda Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Manuleatophorus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Neobirophorus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Multiporuropoda Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Odonturopoda Marais 1977 FH93
         |--Penicillaturopoda Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Spiculaturopoda Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Spinosissuropoda Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Dentatadinychus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Marginalidinychus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Toplaidinychus Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--Uropolyaspis Berlese 1903 ET79
         |    `--*U. hamulifera (Michael 1894) [=Uropoda hamulifera] ET79
         |--Cyclacarus Ewing 1933 FH93
         |    `--C. aberrans Ewing 1933 FH93
         |--Kaszabjbaloghia Hirschmann 1973 [Kaszabjbaloghiidae] H98
         |    `--K. hirschmanni Hiramatsu 1978 H98
         |--Olodiscus Berlese 1917 ET79
         |    |--*O. integer (Berlese 1910) [=Discopoma integra] ET79
         |    `--O. minima ET79
         |--Neodiscopoma Vitzthum 1943 [incl. Discopoma Berlese 1904 non Canestrini & Canestrini 1882] ET79
         |    |--*N. splendida (Kramer 1882) ET79 (see below for synonymy)
         |    `--N. pulcherrima (Berlese 1904) [=Discopoma pulcherrima] S61
         |--Metadinychus Berlese 1916 FH93
         |    |--M. argasiformis Berlese 1916 FH93
         |    |--M. exilis (Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979) [=Uropoda (Metadinychus) exilis] FH93
         |    `--M. pura (Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979) [=Uropoda (Metadinychus) pura] FH93
         |--Tuberdinychus Schweizer 1961 FH93
         |    |--*T. subterranus (Schweizer 1922) [=Urodinychus subterranus] S61
         |    |--T. fumicolus Schweizer 1961 S61
         |    `--T. parvus Schweizer 1961 S61
         |--Castriidinychus Hirschmann 1973 H98
         |    |--C. baloghi Hirschmann 1975 H98
         |    |--C. kaszabi Hirschmann 1975 H98
         |    `--C. mahunkai Hirschmann 1975 H98
         |--Diphaulocylliba Vitzthum 1925 FH93
         |    |--*D. amplior (Berlese 1923) [=Phaulocylliba amplior] V25
         |    |--D. debilior Vitzthum 1925 V25
         |    |--D. ingens Vitzthum 1925 V25
         |    `--D. permagna (Canestrini 1897) [=Discopoma permagna] V25
         |--Phaulocylliba Berlese 1903 FH93
         |    |--*P. ventricosa Berlese 1903 V25
         |    |--P. inflata Berlese 1920 V25
         |    |--P. littoralis (Trouessart 1902) [=Discopoma littorale; incl. P. berlesi Halbert 1915] V25
         |    |--P. misella (Berlese 1916) [=Cyllibano (Microcylliba) misella] V25
         |    |--P. orbicularis (Müller 1882) S61 (see below for synonymy)
         |    `--P. virgata (Hull 1918) [=Cillibano virgata] V25
         |--Deraiophorus Canestrini 1897 LKW09, FH93
         |    |--D. australis Hirschmann 1973 H98
         |    |--D. maya (Krantz 1969) LKW09, FH93 [=Eutrachytes maya FH93]
         |    |--D. neobiroi Hirschmann 1973 H98
         |    |--D. novaehollandiae (Domrow 1957) [=Urodiaspis novaehollandiae] H98
         |    |--D. simplicior (Domrow 1957) [=Eutrachytes simplicior] H98
         |    `--D. truncatus (Berlese 1888) [=Celaeno truncata] FH93
         `--Piracarus crozetensis P94

Metagynella Berlese in Trouessart & Berlese 1919 FH93 [incl. Metagynura Balogh 1943 FH93, Metagynellidae, Metagynuridae LKW09]

*Neodiscopoma splendida (Kramer 1882) ET79 [=Discopoma splendida ET79; incl. D. splendidae var. porticensis Berlese 1904 S61]

Phaulocylliba orbicularis (Müller 1882) S61 [incl. Discopoma romana Canestrini & Canestrini 1882 V25, P. romana S61]

Prodinychus americanus (Banks 1904) [=Dinychus americanus; incl. Uroobovella sellnickiamericana Hirschmann 1979] FH93

Vinicoloraobovella americana (Hirschmann 1972) [=Uroobovella americana, Fuscuropoda ameriana Moser & Roton 1971 (n. n.); incl. U. neoamericana Hirschmann & Zirngiebl-Nicol 1972] FH93

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B16] Berlese, A. 1916. Centuria terza di Acari nuovi. Redia 12: 289–338.

[D81] Domrow, R. 1981. A small lizard stifled by phoretic deutonymphal mites (Uropodina). Acarologia 22 (3): 247–252.

[EU03] Ekiz, A. N., & R. Urhan. 2003. A new record of Uroobovella Berlese, 1903 (Acari: Uropodina) from Turkey with some ecological notes. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 105–111.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[K07a] Kontschán, J. 2007a. Two new Rotundabaloghia Hirschmann, 1975 species from Madagascar (Acari: Mesostigmata: Uropodina). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 99: 171–176.

[K07b] Kontschán, J. 2007b. Some new records of Uropodina mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) from Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro with descriptions of two new species. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 99: 177–188.

[KA90] Krantz, G. W., & B. D. Ainscough. 1990. Acarina: Mesostigmata (Gamasida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 583–665. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[KGG07] Krantz, G. W., L. A. Gómez & V. E. Gonzalez. 2007. Parasitism in the Uropodina: a case history from Colombia. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 29–38. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[LO91] Lehtinen, P. T., & I. Oksala. 1991. Astigmatic and prostigmatic mites of grain stores, mills and sawmills in Finland. In: Schuster, R., & P. W. Murphy (eds) The Acari: Reproduction, development and life-history strategies pp. 519–520. Chapman & Hall: London.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

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