Deuteronymphs of Uropoda orbicularis on dung beetle Aphodius, from Szymkowiak et al. (2007).

Belongs within: Uropodoidea.

Uropoda is a genus of mites commonly found in manure or compost, or attached to insects as phoretic deuteronymphs. The subgenus Phaulodinychus, sometimes treated as a distinct genus, contains species inhabiting wrack on the seashore and possesses an ambulacra on the first leg tarsus; this ambulacra is absent in Uropoda sensu stricto. The seashore species Uropoda mitis is believed to respire via the plastron during regular periods when it is submerged by the tide (Lindquist et al. 2009). In forms sometimes treated as a distinct genus Cilliba, the marginal shield is posteriorly continuous whereas other species have it absent or fragmented towards the rear (Evans & Till 1979).

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Marginal shield absent posteriorly; genital shield of female produced into acute spine; levator tendon of movable digit of chelicera lacking a sclerotised node; palptibia and tarsus distinct, palpfemur with four setae; coxae I flattened, enlarged, concealing the tritosternum; legs I without ambulacra

<==Uropoda Latreille 1806 FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    |--*U. (Uropoda) orbicularis (Müller 1776) ET79, FH93 (see below for synonymy)
    `--U. (Phaulodinychus Berlese 1904) LKW09, FH93 (see below for synonymy)
         |--*Phaulodinychus’ repletus Berlese 1903 ET79 [incl. Halouropoda interrupta Halbert 1915 E57]
         |--‘Trachyuropoda (Dinychura)’ alpina Schweizer 1922 [=Phaulodiaspis alpina] S61
         |--U. (P.) ampla Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979 [=Phaulodinychus amplus] FH93
         |--U. (P.) cubaensis Hiramatsu 1980 FH93
         |--U. (P.) difoveolatasimilis Hirschmann 1972 VKC07
         |--U. (P.) grandis Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--U. (P.) krantzi LKW09
         |--‘Phaulodinychus’ lagena S61
         |--U. (P.) lindquisti Hirschmann 1972 FH93
         |--U. (P.) marihirschmanni Hiramatsu 1977 VKC07
         |--U. (P.) maritima Hiramatsu 1977 VKC07
         |--U. (P.) minor (Halbert 1915) W96 [=Cilliba minor E57]
         |--U. (P.) mitis (Leonardi 1899) VKC07
         |--U. (P.) multipora Hirschmann & Zirngiebl-Nicol 1969 [=Phaulodinychus multiporus] FH93
         |--‘Phaulodinychus’ orchestiidarum (Barrois 1887) A81
         |--U. (P.) penicillata Hirschmann & Zirngiebl-Nicol 1969 [=Phaulodinychus penicillatus] FH93
         |--U. (P.) permagna Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979 [=Phaulodinychus permagnus] FH93
         |--U. (P.) procera Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979 [=Phaulodinychus procerus] FH93
         |--U. (P.) procerasimilis Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1979 FH93
         |--U. (P.) repleta (Berlese 1903) W96
         |--U. (P.) schusterii VKC07
         |--U. (P.) similibrasiliensis Hirschmann 1992 VKC07
         `--U. (P.) smithi Hirschmann 1972 FH93

Uropoda incertae sedis:
  U. amblyoponae Banks 1916 (n. d.) [=U. amblyopenae (l. c.)] H98
  U. americana Riley 1877 FH93
  U. australiensis Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1978 H98
  U. bermudaensis Ewing 1920 FH93
  U. bifrons Banks 1916 (n. d.) H98
  U. bilobata Banks 1916 (n. d.) H98
  U. bisetosa Banks 1914 FH93
  U. cassidea (Hermann 1804) K07 (see below for synonymy)
  ‘Discopoma’ circularis Banks 1898 [=Cilliba circularis] FH93
  U. clavisetosa Banks 1914 FH93
  U. convexifrons Banks 1916 (n. d.) H98
  U. corbicularis (Womersley 1961) [=Uropoda corbicularis] H98
  U. dentifrons Banks 1916 (n. d.) H98
  U. discus Stoll 1893 FH93
  U. duplicata Banks 1916 (n. d.) H98
  U. echinata Stoll 1893 FH93
  U. erlagensis Hirschmann & Zirngiebl-Nicol 1969 K07
  U. formicae Fitch 1855 FH93
  U. fusca Ewing 1909 FH93
  U. hallidayi (Athias-Binche & Bloszyk 1988) [=Australocilliba hallidayi] H98
  U. hungarica Kontschán 2004 K07
  U. illinoiensis Ewing 1909 FH93
  U. kuchtaorum (Athias-Binche & Bloszyk 1988) [=Australocilliba kuchtaorum] H98
  U. levigata Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1978 H98
  U. longifrons Banks 1916 (n. d.) H98
  U. longisetosa Ewing 1920 FH93
  U. lucifuga Packard 1888 FH93
  U. luculenta VKC07
  U. mazsalakiae Kontschán 2005 K07
  U. obliquifrons Banks 1916 (n. d.) H98
  U. orchestiidarum Barrois 1887 V25
  U. piriformis Stoll 1893 FH93
  U. provocans Banks in Newell 1908 FH93
  U. pudica Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1978 H98
  U. pulcherrima (Berlese 1903) K07 [=Discopoma pulcherrima S61, Neodiscopoma pulcherrima S61]
  U. punctulata Banks 1898 FH93
  U. robusta Ewing 1920 FH93
  ‘Cilliba’ robustiunguis Ewing 1920 FH93
  U. sartor Hull 1918 [=Lonchothura sartor] H98
  U. scelera Vitzthum 1926 FH93
  U. scitula Hiramatsu & Hirschmann 1978 H98
  U. splendida Kramer 1882 K07 (see below for synonymy)
  U. submarginata Banks 1916 (n. d.) H98
  U. tasmanica Banks 1916 (n. d.) H98
  U. treati Hirschmann 1980 FH93
  U. trichordis Hiramatsu 1981 H98
  U. trilobata Banks 1916 (n. d.) H98

Nomina nuda: Uropoda depressa Banks in Motter 1898 FH93
             Uropoda essigi Banks in Essig 1958 FH93

Uropoda Latreille 1806 FH93 [=Uroporus (l. c.) FH93; incl. Australocilliba Athias-Binche & Bloszyk 1988 H98, Cilliba Heyden 1826 FH93, Cillibano Gervais in Walkenaer 1844 FH93, Corbidinychus Womersley 1961 H98, Cyllibano Berlese 1904 FH93, Discopoma Canestrini & Canestrini 1882 FH93, Discopoma Berlese 1904 non Canestrini & Canestrini 1882 ET79, Glyphopsis Michael 1894 FH93, Neodiscopoma Vitzthum 1943 ET79]

Uropoda cassidea (Hermann 1804) K07 [=Notaspis cassideus CF77, *Cilliba cassidea ET79, Cyllibano cassideus S22, Discopoma cassidea V25, Oribata cassidea CF77; incl. Uropoda truncata CF77]

Uropoda splendida Kramer 1882 K07 [=*Neodiscopoma splendida E57; incl. N. splendidae var. porticensis Berlese 1904 S61]

Uropoda (Phaulodinychus Berlese 1904) LKW09, FH93 [incl. Halouropoda Halbert 1915 FH93, Phaulodiaspis Vitzthum 1925 FH93]

*Uropoda (Uropoda) orbicularis (Müller 1776) ET79, FH93 [=Acarus orbicularis FH93; incl. A. vegetans Latreille 1806 non DeGeer 1768 E57]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A81] Ainscough, B. D. 1981. Uropodine studies. I. Suprageneric classification in the cohort Uropodina Kramer, 1882 (Acari: Mesostigmata). International Journal of Acarology 7: 47–56.

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[E57] Evans, G. O. 1957. An introduction to the British Mesostigmata (Acarina) with keys to families and genera. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 43: 203–259.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[K07] Kontschán, J. 2007. Some new records of Uropodina mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) from Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro with descriptions of two new species. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 99: 177–188.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 124–232. Texas Tech University Press.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S61] Schweizer, J. 1961. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Parasitiformes Reuter, mit 246 Arten und Varietäten und 268 meist kombinierten Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84: i–vii, 1–207.

[VKC07] Vázquez, M. M., H. Klompen & C. I. Chargoy. 2007. Study of the Uropodina (Acari: Mesostigmata) in tropical forests of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico and Belize. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 43–50. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[V25] Vitzthum, H. 1925. Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag no. 5). Acarinae. Supplementa Entomologica 11: 1–79.

[W96] Weigmann, G. 1996. Zonation and phenology of Uropodina (Uropodidae) in marine littoral saltmarshes. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 603–606. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

Last updated: 31 March 2021.

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