Miturgidae

Subadult male Cheiracanthium mildei, copyright John R. Maxwell.


Belongs within: Lycosoidea.

The Miturgidae are a group of ecribellate spiders with two-segmented posterior spinnerets.

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to very large araneomorph spiders; eight eyes, grate-shaped tapetum; three pairs of weak spines on venter of tibiae I & II of females; males lack tibial crack; two tarsal claws; ecribellate; posterior spinnerets two-segmented, distal segment long or short; spigots only apical on posterior median spinnerets of females; entelegyne.

<==Miturgidae
    |  i. s.: Pacificana Hogg 1904 PVD10
    |           `--*P. cockayni Hogg 1904 PVD10
    |--Miturginae JD-S07
    |    |--Diaprograpta Simon 1909 JD-S07, PVD10
    |    |--Mituliodon JD-S07
    |    |--Prochora JD-S07
    |    |--Syrisca JD-S07
    |    |--Syspira JD-S07
    |    |--Zealoctenus Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |    `--*Z. cardronaensis Forster & Wilton 1973 PVD10
    |    |--Teminius JD-S07
    |    |    |--T. affinis JD-S07
    |    |    `--T. insularis (Lucas 1857) L-M-HG08
    |    `--Miturga Thorell 1870 CH12
    |         |--M. agelenina B96
    |         |--M. albomaculata E07
    |         |--M. gilva B96
    |         |--M. lineata B96
    |         `--M. severa Simon 1909 M54
    `--Cheiracanthium Koch 1839 [=Chiracanthium; Cheiracanthidae, Eutichurinae] PVD10
         |--*C. punctorium (Villers 1789) CH12
         |--C. antungense Chen & Huang 2012 CH12
         |--C. bibundicum Strand 1908 J98
         |--C. brevicalcaratum M54
         |--C. erraticum K01
         |--C. eutittha Bösenberg & Strand 1906 CH12
         |--C. falcatum Chen, Huang et al. 2006 CH12
         |--C. filiapophysium Chen & Huang 2012 CH12
         |--C. gracile M54
         |--C. inclusum MC02
         |--C. insulanum (Thorell 1878) (see below for synonymy) CH12
         |--C. lascivum Karsch 1879 CH12
         |--C. mildei MC02
         |--C. mondrainensis Main 1954 [=Chiracanthium mondrainensis] M54
         |--C. mordax Koch 1866 (see below for synonymy) CH12
         |--C. nervosum M54
         |--C. ningmingensis Zhang & Yin 1999 CH12
         |--C. palasgicum (Koch 1837) K55
         |--C. pennuliferum M54
         |--C. pichoni Schenkel 1963 CH12
         |--C. stratioticum Koch 1873 PVD10
         |--C. taiwanicum Chen, Huang et al. 2006 CH12
         |--C. tenue M54
         |--C. torricellianum Strand 1910 [=Chiracanthium torricellianum] S10
         |--C. torsivum Chen & Huang 2012 CH12
         `--C. virescens (Sundevall 1833) BBM02

Cheiracanthium insulanum (Thorell 1878) [=Eutittha insulana; incl. C. adjacensoides Song et al. 1990, C. bikakapenalcolium Barrion & Litsinger 1995, C. hugiscium Barrion & Litsinger 1995, C. payteus Barrion & Litsonger 1995, C. tigbauanensis Barrion & Litsinger 1995, C. tingilium Barrion & Litsinger 1995] CH12

Cheiracanthium mordax Koch 1866 [incl. C. diversum Koch 1873, C. gilvum Koch 1873, C. submordax Zhang et al. 1993] CH12

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BBM02] Bonte, D., L. Baert & J.-P. Maelfait. 2002. Spider assemblage structure and stability in a heterogeneous coastal dune system (Belgium). Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 331–343.

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[CH12] Chen, S.-H., & W.-J. Huang. 2012. The Spider Fauna of Taiwan—Araneae: Miturgidae, Anyphaenidae, Clubionidae. National Taiwan Normal University.

[E07] Elliott, M. G. 2007. Annotated catalogue of the Pompilidae (Hymenoptera) of Australia. Zootaxa 1428: 1-83.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[K55] Kraus, O. 1955. Spinnen von Korsika, Sardinien und Elba (Arach., Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 371–394.

[K01] Kulczyński, V. 1901. Arachnoideák [Arachnoidea]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 311–369. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[L-M-HG08] Lo-Man-Hung, N. F., T. A. Gardner, M. A. Ribeiro-Júnior, J. Barlow & A. B. Bonaldo. 2008. The value of primary, secondary, and plantation forests for Neotropical epigeic arachnids. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 394–401.

[M54] Main, B. Y. 1954. Spiders and Opiliones. In: Willis, J. H. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 37–53. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[MC02] Miliczky, E. R., & C. O. Calkins. 2002. Spiders (Araneae) as potential predators of leafroller larvae and egg masses (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in central Washington apple and pear orchards. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 78 (2): 140–150.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[S10] Strand, E. 1910. Spinnentiere aus Neuguinea (Opiliones, Psechridae und Clubionidae) gesammelt von Dr. Schlaginhaufen. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königl. Zoologischen und Anthropologisch-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 13 (5): 1–16.

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