Pionidae

Forelia sp., copyright Centre for Biodiversity Genomics.


Belongs within: Hygrobatoidea.
Contains: Piona.

The Pionidae are a diverse, cosmopolitan family of mites found in springs, streams and standing water bodies, the larvae of which are parasites on Chironomidae (Walter et al. 2009).

Pionidae
    |--Najadicola [Najadicolinae] WL09
    |    `--N. ingens WL09
    |--Hydrochoreutes [Hydrochoreutinae] WL09
    |    |--H. minor WL09
    |    `--H. ungulatus D01
    |--Pioninae WL09
    |    |--Nautarachna muskoka WL09
    |    `--Piona WL09
    |--Huitfeldtiinae WL09
    |    |--Huitfeldtia rectipes WP99
    |    `--Larri Harvey 1996 WL09, H98
    |         `--L. laffa Harvey 1996 H98
    |--Schminkeinae WL09
    |    |--Twinforksella WL09
    |    `--Schminkea Schwoerbel 1984 S86
    |         `--S. pacifica Schwoerbel 1984 S86
    |--Foreliinae WL09
    |    |--Pionacercus WL09
    |    |    |--P. uncinatus BK91
    |    |    `--P. vatrax (Koch 1837) GS91
    |    |--Pseudofeltria WL09
    |    |    |--P. laversi WL09
    |    |    `--P. multipora WL09
    |    `--Forelia WL09
    |         |--F. borealis WL09
    |         |--F. liliacea BK91
    |         |--F. onondaga WL09
    |         |--F. ovalis WL09
    |         `--F. spatulifera BK91
    `--Tiphyinae WL09
         |--Pionopsis lutescens (Hermann 1804) WL09, PH91
         |--Neotiphys pionoidellus WL09
         |--Pionides WL09
         |--Acercella Lundblad 1941 WL09, H98
         |    |--A. falcipes Lundblad 1941 H98
         |    `--A. poorginup Harvey 1996 H98
         |--Australotiphys Cook 1986 WL09, H98
         |    |--A. barmutai Harvey 1996 H98
         |    |--A. himonius Harvey 1996 H98
         |    `--A. magnisetus Cook 1986 [=Australiotiphys (l. c.) magnisetus] H98
         `--Tiphys WL09
              |--T. gracilipes WL09
              |--T. latipes (O.F.M. 1776) GS91
              |--T. ornatus (Koch 1836) L91
              `--T. torris (O.F.M. 1776) GS91

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BK91] Biesiadka, E., & W. Kowalik. 1991. Water mites (Hydracarina) as indicators of trophy and pollution in lakes. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 475–481. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[D01] Daday, E. 1901. Édesvizi mikroszkópi állatok [Mikroskopische Süsswasserthiere]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 375–470. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[GS91] Gerecke, R., & J. Schwoerbel. 1991. Water quality and water mites (Acari, Actinedida) in the Upper Danube region, 1959-1984. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 483–491. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[L91] Leimann, J. 1991. Structure and formation of the sperm package of Piona carnea (Koch, 1836) (Prostigmata, Hydrachnidia), a copulating water mite. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 449–454. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[PH91] Punčochár, P., & J. Hrbáček. 1991. Water mites in the plankton of Hubenov Reservoir and their relations to fish stock composition. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 449–457. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[S86] Schwoerbel, J. 1986. Acari: “Hydrachnellae”. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 652–696. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

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