Bromelioideae

Horticultural variant of Amazonian zebra plant Aechmea chantinii, copyright BotBIn.


Belongs within: Bromeliaceae.

The Bromelioideae are a group of herbaceous, often epiphytic, plants that grow with leaves arranged in water-collecting rosettes.

<==Bromelioideae
    |--Greigia SHZ05
    |    |--G. mulfordii Smith 1949 SHZ05
    |    `--G. sphacelata (Ruiz & Pavon) Regel 1865 SHZ05
    `--+--Bromelia SHZ05
       |    |--B. ananas C55
       |    |--B. balansae OMM08
       |    |--B. keratas BS05
       |    |--B. pinguin B10
       |    |--B. plumieri (Morren) Smith 1967 SHZ05
       |    `--B. serra Grisebach 1879 SHZ05
       |--+--Deinacanthon urbanianum (Mez) Mez 1896 SHZ05
       |  `--Ochagavia SHZ05
       |       |  i. s.: O carnea SHZ05
       |       |--O. elegans Philippi 1856 SHZ05
       |       `--+--O. litoralis (Philippi) Zizka, Trumpler & Zoellner 2002 SHZ05
       |          `--Fascicularia bicolor (Ruiz & Pavon) Mez 1896 SHZ05
       |               |--F. b. ssp. bicolor SHZ05
       |               `--F. b. ssp. canaliculata SHZ05
       `--+--Fernseea itatiaiae (Wawra) Baker 1889 SHZ05
          `--+--Orthophytum supthutii Gross & Barthlott 1900 SHZ05
             |--Cryptanthus SHZ05
             |    |--C. glaziovii Mez 1891 SHZ05
             |    `--+--C. bahianus Smith 1943 SHZ05
             |       `--Acanthostachys strobilacea (Schultes) Klotzsch 1840 SHZ05
             |--+--Neoglaziovia variegata (Arruda da Camara) Mez 1894 SHZ05
             |  `--Ananas SHZ05
             |       |--A. comosus (Linnaeus) Merrill 1917 SHZ05
             |       |--A. nanus (Smith) Smith 1962 SHZ05
             |       `--A. sativus FS-K03
             `--+--+--Ronnbergia petersii Smith 1973 SHZ05
                |  `--‘Aechmea’ subg. Pothuava SHZ05
                |       |--A. drakeana André 1888 SHZ05
                |       `--A. squarrosa L03
                `--+--+--‘Quesnelia’ lateralis Wawra 1880 SHZ05
                   |  `--+--Billbergia SHZ05
                   |     |    |--B. decora Poeppig & Endlicher 1838 SHZ05
                   |     |    `--B. nutans Wendland ex Regel 1869 SHZ05
                   |     `--+--Edmundoa lindenii (Regel) Leme 1997 SHZ05
                   |        |--‘Aechmea (subg. Platyaechmea)’ fasciata (Lindley) Baker 1879 SHZ05
                   |        |--+--‘Aechmea (subg. Pothuava)’ nudicaulis (Linnaeus) Grisebach 1864 SHZ05
                   |        |  `--‘Quesnelia’ liboniana (de Johnge) Mez 1922 SHZ05
                   |        |--+--‘Aechmea (subg. Platyaechmea)’ distichantha Lemaire 1853 SHZ05
                   |        |  `--‘Aechmea’ subg. Ortgiesia SHZ05
                   |        |       |--A. gracilis Lindman 1891 SHZ05
                   |        |       `--+--A. calyculata (Morren) Baker 1879 SHZ05
                   |        |          |--A. kertesziae Reitz 1952 SHZ05
                   |        |          `--‘A. (subg. Lamprococcus)’ racinae Smith 1941 SHZ05
                   |        `--+--Nidularium procerum Lindman 1891 SHZ05
                   |           |--Wittrockia superba Lindman 1891 SHZ05
                   |           `--Neoregelia SHZ05
                   |                |--N. binotii (Antoine) Smith 1936 SHZ05
                   |                `--+--N. laevis (Mez) Smith 1934 SHZ05
                   |                   `--‘Aechmea (subg. Ortgiesia)’ pimenti-velosoi Reitz 1952 SHZ05
                   `--+--Lymania alvimii (Smith & Read) Read 1984 SHZ05
                      |--Streptocalyx poeppigii Beer 1856 SHZ05
                      |--Hohenbergia stellata Schultes 1830 SHZ05
                      |--Chevaliera SHZ05
                      |    |--‘Aechmea’ comata L03
                      |    `--C. sphaerocephala Baker 1879 SHZ05
                      |--Araeococcus SHZ05
                      |    |--A. flagellifolius Harms 1929 SHZ05
                      |    `--A. goeldianus Smith 1955 SHZ05
                      |--+--‘Quesnelia’ edmundoi Smith 1955 SHZ05
                      |  `--Canistrum fosterianum Smith 1952 SHZ05
                      |--Portea SHZ05
                      |    |--P. leptantha Harms 1929 SHZ05
                      |    `--+--P. petropolitana (Wawra) Mez 1892 SHZ05
                      |       `--‘Aechmea’ (subg. Macrochordion) lamarchei Mez 1892 SHZ05
                      |--+--Hohenbergiopsis guatemalensis (Smith) Smith & Read 1976 SHZ05
                      |  |--Ursulaea tuitensis (Magana & Lott) Read & Baensch 1994 SHZ05
                      |  `--+--Androlepis skinneri (Koch) Brongniart ex Houllet 1870 SHZ05
                      |     `--‘Aechmea’ subg. Podaechmea SHZ05
                      |          |--A. lueddemanniana (Koch) Mez 1934 SHZ05
                      |          `--A. mexicana Baker 1879 SHZ05
                      `--Aechmea SHZ05
                           |  i. s.: A. bracteata C-MM-R07
                           |         A. bromeliifolia SHZ05
                           |--A. subg. Aechmea SHZ05
                           |    |--A. filicaulis (Grisebach) Mez 1894 SHZ05
                           |    `--A. mertensii (Meyer) Schultes 1809 SHZ05
                           |--A. subg. Lamprococcus SHZ05
                           |    |--A. farinosa (Regel) Smith 1966 SHZ05
                           |    |--A. fulgens Brongniart 1841 SHZ05
                           |    `--A. warasii Pereira 1972 SHZ05
                           `--A. (subg. Platyaechmea) chantinii (Carrière) Baker 1889 SHZ05

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BS05] Barfuss, M. H. J., R. Samuel, W. Till & T. F. Stuessy. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships in subfamily Tillandsioideae (Bromeliaceae) based on DNA sequence data from seven plastid regions. American Journal of Botany 92 (2): 337–351.

[B10] Boucher, S. 2010. Agromyzidae (leaf-mining flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1057–1071. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C-MM-R07] Castaño-Meneses, G., & B. E. Mejía-Recamier. 2007. Community structure of mites in Tillandsia violacea (Bromeliaceae) from a temperate forest of central Mexico. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 657–664. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[FS-K03] Foissner, W., M. Strüder-Kypke, G. W. M. van der Staay, S. Y. Moon-van der Staay & J. H. P. Hackstein. 2003. Endemic ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) from tank bromeliads (Bromeliaceae): a combined morphological, molecular, and ecological study. European Journal of Protistology 39 (4): 365–372.

[L03] Leme, E. M. C. 2003. Nominal extinction and the taxonomist’s responsibility: the example of Bromeliaceae in Brazil. Taxon 52: 299–302.

[OMM08] Osses, F., E. G. Martins & G. Machado. 2008. Oviposition site selection by the bromeliad-dweller harvestman Bourguyia hamata (Arachnida: Opiliones). Journal of Ethology 26 (2): 233–241.

[SHZ05] Schulte, K., R. Horres & G. Zizka. 2005. Molecular phylogeny of Bromelioideae and its implications on biogeography and the evolution of CAM in the family (Poales, Bromeliaceae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (1): 113–125.

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