Malpighiales

Yellow tulipwood Drypetes deplanchei, from CSIRO.


Belongs within: Rosidae.
Contains: Linum, Picodendraceae, Phyllanthaceae, Rhizophoraceae, Chrysobalanales, Violineae, Ochnineae, Clusiaceae, Euphorbiaceae.

The Malpighiales is a large clade of flowering plants supported primarily by molecular analyses. Morphological synapomorphies for the clade are few, except for a toothed leaf lamina margin and dry stigma (Angiosperm Phylogeny Website).

<==Malpighiales [Euphorbiales, Hypericineae]
    |--+--Humiriaceae WM09
    |  |    |--Humiria balsaminifera DL07, WM09
    |  |    |--Vantanea DL07
    |  |    `--Sacoglottis gabonensis FGN07
    |  `--Linaceae WM09
    |       |--Hugonia [Hugoniaceae] DL07
    |       `--+--Linum DL07
    |          `--Reinwardtia indica DL07, WM09
    `--+--+--+--Picodendraceae DL07
       |  |  `--Phyllanthaceae WM09
       |  `--+--Ctenolophon [Ctenolophonaceae] DL07
       |     `--Rhizophoraceae WM09
       `--+--+--+--Chrysobalanales WM09
          |  |  `--Daphniphyllanae [Balanopineae, Daphniphyllineae] D01
          |  |       |--Daphniphyllum MH98 [Daphniphyllaceae, Daphniphyllales D01]
          |  |       |    |--D. himalense SN88
          |  |       |    `--D. macropodum MH98
          |  |       `--Balanopaceae DL07 [Balanopales D01]
          |  |            |--Balanops DL07
          |  |            `--Trilocularia YY22
          |  `--Putranjivaceae [Drypeteae] WM09
          |       |--Lingelsheimia T00
          |       |--Putranjiva T00
          |       |--Sibangea T00
          |       |--Lophopyxis [Lophopyxidaceae] DL07
          |       `--Drypetes DL07
          |            |--D. australasica P82
          |            |--D. deplanchei PT01
          |            |    |--D. d. ssp. deplanchei PT01
          |            |    `--D. d. ssp. affinis PT01
          |            `--D. roxburghii WM09
          `--+--+--Violineae WM09
             |  `--+--Ochnineae WM09
             |     `--+--Clusiaceae WM09
             |        `--Irvingiaceae WM09
             |             |--Desbordesia T00
             |             |--Irvingia malayana DL07, WM09
             |             `--Klainedoxa DL07
             `--+--Euphorbiaceae WM09
                `--+--Elatinaceae WM09
                   |    |--Bergia DL07
                   |    |    |--B. ammanioides VB02
                   |    |    |--B. polyantha VB02
                   |    |    `--B. suffruticosa PP07
                   |    `--Elatine DL07
                   |         |--E. americana CA27
                   |         |--E. gratioloides Cunningham 1840 (see below for synonymy) CA27
                   |         `--E. triandra WM09
                   `--Malpighiaceae WM09
                        |  i. s.: Bannisterieae H03
                        |           |--Banisteria D01
                        |           |--Brachylophon H03
                        |           `--Rhyssopteris H03
                        |         Microsteira YY22
                        |         Gaudichaudioideae T00
                        |         Stigmaphyllon J87
                        |           |--S. angulosum J87
                        |           `--S. emarginatum J87
                        |         Tetrapterys citrifolia J87
                        |         Bunchosia ekmanii J87
                        |--Byrsonima [Byrsonimoideae] DL07
                        |    |--B. coriacea SWK87
                        |    |--B. crassifolia WM09
                        |    |--B. lucida J87
                        |    `--B. wadsworthii SWK87
                        `--+--Acridocarpus DL07
                           `--+--Thryallis DL07
                              `--+--Dicella DLO07
                                 `--Malpighia [Malpighioideae] DL07
                                      |--M. coccigera Linnaeus 1753 CD07
                                      `--M. macracantha J87

Malpighiales incertae sedis:
  Ixonanthaceae DL07
    |--Allantospermum T00
    |--Cyrillopsis T00
    |--Phyllocosmus T00
    |--Ixonanthes DL07
    `--Ochthocosmus DL07
  Gonystylaceae T00
    |--Gonystylus bancanus T00, H03
    |--Aetoxylon T00
    `--Amyxa T00
  Pandaceae DL07
    |--Panda T00
    |--Microdesmis DL07
    `--Centroplacus BB07

Elatine gratioloides Cunningham 1840 [incl. E. americana var. australiensis Bentham 1863] CA27

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB07] Bhattacharyya, P. K. & K. Bhattacharyya. 2007. A comparison of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification (2003) with system of Takhtajan (1997) and Cronquist (1988). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 95-120.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1-E44.

[CA27] Cockayne, L., & H. H. Allan. 1927. Notes on New Zealand floristic botany, including descriptions of new species, &c. (No. 5). Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 48-72.

[DL07] Davis, C. C., M. Latvis, D. L. Nickrent, K. J. Wurdack & D. A. Baum. 2007. Floral gigantism in Rafflesiaceae. Science 315: 1812.

[D01] Doweld, A. B. 2001. The systematic relevance of fruit and seed structure in Bersama and Melianthus (Melianthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 227: 75-103.

[FGN07] Fontaine, B., O. Gargominy & E. Neubert. 2007. Land snail diversity of the savanna/forest mosaic in Lopé National Park, Gabon. Malacologia 49 (2): 313-338.

[H03] Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: Vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10 (1): 311-449.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[MH98] Morikawa, H., A. Higaki, M. Nohno, M. Takahashi, M. Kamada, M. Nakata, G. Toyohara, Y. Okamura, K. Matsui, S. Kitani, K. Fujita, K. Irifune & N. Goshima. 1998. More than a 600-fold variation in nitrogen dioxide assimilation among 217 plant taxa. Plant, Cell and Environment 21: 180-190.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P. & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 15-78.

[PT01] Pemberton, L. M. S., S.-L. Tsai, P. H. Lovell & P. J. Harris. 2001. Epidermal patterning in seedling roots of eudicotyledons. Annals of Botany 87: 649-654.

[P82] Pickard, J. 1982. Catastrophic disturbance and vegetation on Little Slope, Lord Howe Island. Australian Journal of Ecology 7: 161-170.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

[SN88] Suzuki, M., & S. Noshiro. 1988. Wood structure of Himalayan plants. In The Himalayan Plants vol. 1 (H. Ohba & S. B. Malla, eds) The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 341-379.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441-647.

[VB02] Vijay, S. K., & T. N. Bhardwaja. 2002. Vegetation and phenodynamics of wetlands of central Rajasthan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 573-581.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853-3858.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1-62.

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