Melastomatineae

An unidentified species of Ossaea, photographed by J. D. Wells.


Belongs within: Myrtales.
Contains: Miconia.

The Melastomatineae is a clade of mostly tropical and subtropical plants recognised primarily on the basis of molecular analysis. The majority of species within the clade are placed in the family Melastomataceae, whose members have contorted corollas. Smaller families include the Crypteroniaceae, a group of trees found in south-east Asia, and the southern African trees and shrubs of the Penaeaceae.

Synapomorphies (from the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website): Connective abaxially much expanded; endothecial thickening absent/atypical; nectary absent; exotestal cells ± longitudinally elongated.

<==Melastomatineae T00
    |--+--Penaea [Penaeaceae] WM09
    |  |    `--P. mucronata WM09
    |  `--Crypteroniaceae WM09
    |       |--Axinandra T00
    |       |--Crypteronia paniculata WM09
    |       `--Dactylocladus T00
    `--Melastomataceae WM09
         |  i. s.: Dissochaeta monticula K03
         |         Lijndenia YY22
         |         Melastoma malabathricum P88
         |         Adelobotrys D03
         |         Rhyncanthera dichotoma M-FR08
         |         Ekmaniocharis crassinervis J87
         |         Conostegia MM96
         |           |--C. icosandra J87
         |           `--C. suberastulata MM96
         |         Henriettea J87
         |           |--H. barkeri [incl. H. elliptica] J87
         |           `--H. tuberculosa LB99
         |         Tibouchina longifolia J87
         |         Heterotrichum J87
         |           |--H. angustifolium J87
         |           `--H. umbellatum J87
         |         Medinilla P88
         |           |--M. clarkei P88
         |           |--M. scortechinii P88
         |           `--M. speciosa P88
         |         Clidemia WM09
         |           |--C. capillaris J87
         |           |--C. densiflora LB99
         |           |--C. dentata WM09
         |           `--C. hirta MM96
         |         Sonerila P88
         |           |--S. heterophylla P88
         |           |--S. picta P88
         |           |--S. pulneyensis M03
         |           `--S. rudis P88
         |         Calycogonium J87
         |           |--C. apiculatum J87
         |           |--C. calycopteris J87
         |           |--C. squamulosum SWK87
         |           `--C. torbecianum J87
         |         Pachyanthus J87
         |           |--P. cubensis J87
         |           |    |--P. c. ssp. cubensis J87
         |           |    `--P. c. ssp. blancheanus J87
         |           `--P. hotteana J87
         |         Meriania J87
         |           |--M. brevipedunculata Judd & Skean 1987 JS87
         |           |--M. ekmanii J87
         |           |--M. involucrata J87
         |           |--M. parvifolia Judd & Skean 1987 JS87
         |           `--M. squamulosa J87
         |         Mecranium J87
         |           |--M. alpestre J87
         |           |--M. birimosum J87
         |           |--M. haitiense [incl. M. salicifolium] J87
         |           |--M. microdictyum J87
         |           |--M. multiflorum J87
         |           |--M. revolutum Skean & Judd 1986 JS87
         |           |--M. tricostatum J87
         |           `--M. tuberculatum J87
         |         Monochaetum MM96
         |         Osbeckia D07
         |           |--O. nepalensis D07
         |           `--O. princeps C55
         |--Chaetostoma [Microlicieae] KM03
         |    `--*C. pungens de Candolle 1828 (see below for synonymy) KM03
         `--Miconieae JS87
              |--Miconia JS87
              `--Ossaea JS87
                   |--O. alloeotricha JS87
                   |--O. barahonensis JS87
                   |--O. curvipila JS87
                   |--O. limon J87
                   |--O. macrophylla LB99
                   |--O. scalpta JS87
                   |--O. setulosa JS87
                   `--O. woodsii Judd & Skean 1987 JS87

Melastomatineae incertae sedis:
  Olinia [Oliniaceae] T00
  Rhynchocalyx [Rhynchocalycaceae] T00
    `--R. lawsonioides WO05
  Alzatea [Alzateaceae] T00
  Memecylaceae T00
    |--Astronia T00
    `--Memecylon WO05
         |--M. edule P88
         |--M. elaeagni WO05
         |--M. flavescens Gamble 1919 MM02
         |--M. malabaricum SR07
         `--M. subcordatum VM03

*Chaetostoma pungens de Candolle 1828 (nom. cons. prop.) [incl. Rhexia armata Sprengel 1825 (nom. rej. prop.), C. armatum (Sprengel) Cogniaux in Martius 1885] KM03

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[D07] Dash, S. S. 2007. Useful plants of Kabi Sacred Grove, Sikkim. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 79-88.

[D03] David, J. C. 2003. Orthographic conundrums: The problem of –opsis and –botrys. Taxon 52: 603-608.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[JS87] Judd, W. S., & J. D. Skean, Jr. 1987. Three new angiosperms from Parc National Pic Macaya, Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 137-150.

[KM03] Koschnitzke, C., & A. B. Martins. 2003. (1586) Proposal to conserve the name Chaetostoma pungens against Rhexia armata (Melastomataceae, Microlicieae). Taxon 52: 366-367.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81-98.

[LB99] Loiselle, B. A. & J. G. Blake. 1999. Dispersal of melastome seeds by fruit-eating birds of tropical forest understory. Ecology 80: 330-336.

[M03] Matthew, K. M. 2003. An integrated programme for local Floras, conservation research and environmental awareness generation in south India. Telopea 10 (1): 73-80.

[M-FR08] Morais-Filho, J. C., & G. Q. Romero. 2008. Microhabitat use by Peucetia flava (Oxyopidae) on the glandular plant Rhyncanthera dichotoma (Melastomataceae). Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 374-378.

[MM96] Mound, L. A., & R. Marullo. 1996. The thrips of Central and South America: an introduction (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Memoirs on Entomology, International 6: 1-487.

[MM02] Murugan, C., V. S. Manickam, M. M. Josephine & V. Sundaresan. 2002. Extended distribution of two rare and endangered taxa from Tirunelveli Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 545-546.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SR07] Sankar, R. V., K. Ravikumar, N. M. Ganesh Babu & D. K. Ved. 2007. Botany of Anapady MPCA, Palghat district, Kerala with special emphasis on species of conservation concern. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49 (1-4): 165-172.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: Dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441-647.

[VM03] Viswanathan, M. B. & U. Manikandan. 2003. A new species of Balsaminaceae, Impatiens tirunelvelica, from peninsular India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1-4): 189-194.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853-3858.

[WO05] Wilson, P. G., M. M. O'Brien, M. M. Heslewood & C. J. Quinn. 2005. Relationships within Myrtaceae sensu lato based on a matK phylogeny. Plant Systematics and Evolution 251: 3-19.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1-62.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS