Melastomatineae

Unidentified species of Ossaea photographed by J. D. Wells.


Belongs within: Myrtales.
Contains: Olinia, Miconia.

The Melastomatineae is a clade of mostly tropical and subtropical plants recognised primarily on the basis of molecular analysis. The majority of species within the clade are placed in the family Melastomataceae, members of which have contorted corollas. Smaller families include the Crypteroniaceae, a group of trees found in south-east Asia, and the southern African trees and shrubs of the Penaeaceae. The false waterberry Rhynchocalyx lawsonioides is a small tree restricted to coastal forest in the Natal and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa, regarded as vulnerable to threats from logging and habitat destruction.

Synapomorphies (from the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website): Connective abaxially much expanded; endothecial thickening absent/atypical; nectary absent; exotestal cells ± longitudinally elongated.

<==Melastomatineae T00
    |  i. s.: Olinia T00
    |         Rhynchocalyx [Rhynchocalycaceae] T00
    |           `--R. lawsonioides WO05
    |         Alzatea [Alzateaceae] T00
    |--+--Penaea [Penaeaceae] WM09
    |  |    `--P. mucronata WM09
    |  `--Crypteroniaceae WM09
    |       |--Axinandra T00
    |       |--Crypteronia paniculata WM09
    |       `--Dactylocladus T00
    `--Melastomataceae [Memecylaceae] WM09
         |  i. s.: Dissochaeta monticula K03
         |         Lijndenia YY22
         |         Melastoma M65
         |           |--M. affine LK14
         |           |--M. malabathricum P88
         |           `--M. polyanthum M65
         |         Adelobotrys D03
         |         Rhyncanthera dichotoma M-FR08
         |         Ekmaniocharis crassinervis J87
         |         Conostegia MM96
         |           |--C. icosandra J87
         |           |--C. suberastulata MM96
         |           `--C. talapensis BT87
         |         Henriettea LB99
         |           |--H. barkeri [incl. H. elliptica] J87
         |           `--H. tuberculosa LB99
         |         Tibouchina longifolia J87
         |         Heterotrichum J87
         |           |--H. angustifolium J87
         |           `--H. umbellatum J87
         |         Medinilla P88
         |           |--M. clarkei P88
         |           |--M. scortechinii P88
         |           `--M. speciosa P88
         |         Clidemia LB99
         |           |--C. capillaris J87
         |           |--C. densiflora LB99
         |           |--C. dentata WM09
         |           |--C. hirta MM96
         |           `--C. rubra F11
         |         Sonerila P88
         |           |--S. heterophylla P88
         |           |--S. picta P88
         |           |--S. pulneyensis M03
         |           `--S. rudis P88
         |         Calycogonium J87
         |           |--C. apiculatum J87
         |           |--C. calycopteris J87
         |           |--C. squamulosum SWK87
         |           `--C. torbecianum J87
         |         Pachyanthus J87
         |           |--P. cubensis J87
         |           |    |--P. c. ssp. cubensis J87
         |           |    `--P. c. ssp. blancheanus J87
         |           `--P. hotteana J87
         |         Meriania J87
         |           |--M. brevipedunculata Judd & Skean 1987 JS87
         |           |--M. ekmanii J87
         |           |--M. involucrata J87
         |           |--M. parvifolia Judd & Skean 1987 JS87
         |           `--M. squamulosa J87
         |         Mecranium J87
         |           |--M. alpestre J87
         |           |--M. birimosum J87
         |           |--M. haitiense [incl. M. salicifolium] J87
         |           |--M. microdictyum J87
         |           |--M. multiflorum J87
         |           |--M. revolutum Skean & Judd 1986 JS87
         |           |--M. tricostatum J87
         |           `--M. tuberculatum J87
         |         Monochaetum MM96
         |         Osbeckia D07
         |           |--O. australiana LK14
         |           |--O. nepalensis D07
         |           `--O. princeps C55
         |         Leandra BRS09
         |           |--L. (sect. Oxymeris) altomacaensis Baumgratz & D’El Rei Souza 2009 (see below for synonymy) BRS09
         |           |--L. gracilis BRS09
         |           |--L. lutea BRS09
         |           `--L. sublanata RJ11
         |         Marcetia N10
         |         Tristemma virusanum CW92
         |         Topobea brachyura H11
         |         Melastomites druidum Unger 1850 CBH93
         |         Acrovena CBH93
         |         Appendicularia DC. 1828 KC01
         |         Chitonia Don 1823 KC01
         |         Meisneria DC. 1828 KC01
         |         Astronia T00
         |         Memecylon SR07
         |           |--M. edule P88
         |           |--M. elaeagni WO05
         |           |--M. flavescens Gamble 1919 MM02
         |           |--M. malabaricum SR07
         |           |--M. pauciflorum LK14
         |           `--M. subcordatum VM03
         |--Chaetostoma [Microlicieae] KM03
         |    `--*C. pungens de Candolle 1828 (see below for synonymy) KM03
         `--Miconieae JS87
              |--Miconia LB99
              `--Ossaea JS87
                   |--O. alloeotricha JS87
                   |--O. barahonensis JS87
                   |--O. curvipila JS87
                   |--O. limon J87
                   |--O. macrophylla LB99
                   |--O. scalpta JS87
                   |--O. setulosa JS87
                   `--O. woodsii Judd & Skean 1987 JS87

*Chaetostoma pungens de Candolle 1828 (nom. cons. prop.) [incl. Rhexia armata Sprengel 1825 (nom. rej. prop.), C. armatum (Sprengel) Cogniaux in Martius 1885] KM03

Leandra altomacaensis Baumgratz & D’El Rei Souza 2009 [incl. L. gracilis var. glazioviana Cogn. 1891 non L. glazoviana Cogniaux 1886] BRS09

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BT87] Baker, E. W., & D. M. Tuttle. 1987. The false spider mites of Mexico (Tenuipalpidae: Acari). United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1706: 1–237.

[BRS09] Baumgratz, J. F. A. & M. L. D'El Rei Souza. 2009. Leandra altomacaensis (Melastomataceae), a new species from Brazil. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 167-170.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CW92] Cassis, G., & T. A. Weir. 1992. Rutelinae. In: Houston, W. W. K. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 9. Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea pp. 359–382. AGPS Press: Canberra.

[CBH93] Collinson, M. E., M. C. Boulter & P. L. Holmes. 1993. Magnoliophyta (‘Angiospermae’). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 809–841. Chapman & Hall: London.

[D07] Dash, S. S. 2007. Useful plants of Kabi Sacred Grove, Sikkim. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 79–88.

[D03] David, J. C. 2003. Orthographic conundrums: The problem of –opsis and –botrys. Taxon 52: 603–608.

[F11] Fraga, R. M. 2011. Family Icteridae (New World blackbirds). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 684–807. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[H11] Hilty, S. L. 2011. Family Thraupidae (tanagers). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 46–329. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[JS87] Judd, W. S., & J. D. Skean Jr. 1987. Three new angiosperms from Parc National Pic Macaya, Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 137–150.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby's Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[KM03] Koschnitzke, C., & A. B. Martins. 2003. (1586) Proposal to conserve the name Chaetostoma pungens against Rhexia armata (Melastomataceae, Microlicieae). Taxon 52: 366–367.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81–98.

[LB99] Loiselle, B. A., & J. G. Blake. 1999. Dispersal of melastome seeds by fruit-eating birds of tropical forest understory. Ecology 80: 330–336.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M03] Matthew, K. M. 2003. An integrated programme for local Floras, conservation research and environmental awareness generation in south India. Telopea 10 (1): 73–80.

[M65] Michener, C. D. 1965. A classification of the bees of the Australian and South Pacific regions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 130: 1–362.

[M-FR08] Morais-Filho, J. C., & G. Q. Romero. 2008. Microhabitat use by Peucetia flava (Oxyopidae) on the glandular plant Rhyncanthera dichotoma (Melastomataceae). Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 374–378.

[MM96] Mound, L. A., & R. Marullo. 1996. The thrips of Central and South America: an introduction (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Memoirs on Entomology, International 6: 1–487.

[MM02] Murugan, C., V. S. Manickam, M. M. Josephine & V. Sundaresan. 2002. Extended distribution of two rare and endangered taxa from Tirunelveli Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 545–546.

[N10] Norrbom, A. L. 2010. Tephritidae (fruit flies, moscas de frutas). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 909–954. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[RJ11] Rising, J. D., A. Jaramillo, J. L. Copete, P. G. Ryan & S. C. Madge. 2011. Family Emberizidae (buntings and New World sparrows). In: Hoyo, J. del, A. Elliott & D. A. Christie (eds) Handbook of the Birds of the World vol. 16. Tanagers to New World Blackbirds pp. 428–683. Lynx Edicions: Barcelona.

[SR07] Sankar, R. V., K. Ravikumar, N. M. Ganesh Babu & D. K. Ved. 2007. Botany of Anapady MPCA, Palghat district, Kerala with special emphasis on species of conservation concern. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 165–172.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441–647.

[VM03] Viswanathan, M. B., & U. Manikandan. 2003. A new species of Balsaminaceae, Impatiens tirunelvelica, from peninsular India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 189–194.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853–3858.

[WO05] Wilson, P. G., M. M. O'Brien, M. M. Heslewood & C. J. Quinn. 2005. Relationships within Myrtaceae sensu lato based on a matK phylogeny. Plant Systematics and Evolution 251: 3–19.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1–62.

Last updated: 25 December 2019.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS