Unidentified species of Ossaea photographed by J. D. Wells.

Belongs within: Myrtales.
Contains: Olinia, Crypteroniaceae, Miconia.

The Melastomatineae is a clade of mostly tropical and subtropical plants recognised primarily on the basis of molecular analysis. The majority of species within the clade are placed in the family Melastomataceae, members of which have contorted corollas. Smaller families include the Penaeaceae, a southern African group of trees and shrubs with leathery leaves. The false waterberry Rhynchocalyx lawsonioides is a small tree restricted to coastal forest in the Natal and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa, regarded as vulnerable to threats from logging and habitat destruction. The Neotropical Alzatea is a small tree resembling a species of Myrtaceae but with a superior ovary.

Synapomorphies (from the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website): Connective abaxially much expanded; endothecial thickening absent/atypical; nectary absent; exotestal cells more or less longitudinally elongated.

<==Melastomatineae T00
    |  i. s.: Olinia T00
    |         Rhynchocalyx [Rhynchocalycaceae] T00
    |           `--R. lawsonioides WO05
    |         Alzatea [Alzateaceae] T00
    |--+--Penaea [Penaeaceae] WM09
    |  |    `--P. mucronata WM09
    |  `--Crypteroniaceae WM09
    `--Melastomataceae [Memecylaceae] WM09
         |  i. s.: Dissochaeta monticula K03
         |         Lijndenia YY22
         |         Melastoma M65
         |           |--M. affine LK14
         |           |--M. malabathricum P88
         |           `--M. polyanthum M65
         |         Adelobotrys D03
         |         Rhyncanthera dichotoma M-FR08
         |         Ekmaniocharis crassinervis J87
         |         Conostegia MM96
         |           |--C. icosandra J87
         |           |--C. suberastulata MM96
         |           `--C. talapensis BT87
         |         Henriettea LB99
         |           |--H. barkeri [incl. H. elliptica] J87
         |           `--H. tuberculosa LB99
         |         Tibouchina longifolia J87
         |         Heterotrichum J87
         |           |--H. angustifolium J87
         |           `--H. umbellatum J87
         |         Medinilla P88
         |           |--M. clarkei P88
         |           |--M. scortechinii P88
         |           `--M. speciosa P88
         |         Clidemia LB99
         |           |--C. capillaris J87
         |           |--C. densiflora LB99
         |           |--C. dentata WM09
         |           |--C. hirta MM96
         |           `--C. rubra F11
         |         Sonerila P88
         |           |--S. heterophylla P88
         |           |--S. picta P88
         |           |--S. pulneyensis M03
         |           `--S. rudis P88
         |         Calycogonium J87
         |           |--C. apiculatum J87
         |           |--C. calycopteris J87
         |           |--C. squamulosum SWK87
         |           `--C. torbecianum J87
         |         Pachyanthus J87
         |           |--P. cubensis J87
         |           |    |--P. c. ssp. cubensis J87
         |           |    `--P. c. ssp. blancheanus J87
         |           `--P. hotteana J87
         |         Meriania J87
         |           |--M. brevipedunculata Judd & Skean 1987 JS87
         |           |--M. ekmanii J87
         |           |--M. involucrata J87
         |           |--M. parvifolia Judd & Skean 1987 JS87
         |           `--M. squamulosa J87
         |         Mecranium J87
         |           |--M. alpestre J87
         |           |--M. birimosum J87
         |           |--M. haitiense [incl. M. salicifolium] J87
         |           |--M. microdictyum J87
         |           |--M. multiflorum J87
         |           |--M. revolutum Skean & Judd 1986 JS87
         |           |--M. tricostatum J87
         |           `--M. tuberculatum J87
         |         Monochaetum MM96
         |         Osbeckia LK14
         |           |--O. australiana LK14
         |           |--O. nepalensis D07
         |           `--O. princeps C55
         |         Leandra BRS09
         |           |--L. (sect. Oxymeris) altomacaensis Baumgratz & D’El Rei Souza 2009 (see below for synonymy) BRS09
         |           |--L. gracilis BRS09
         |           |--L. lutea BRS09
         |           `--L. sublanata RJ11
         |         Marcetia N10
         |         Tristemma virusanum CW92
         |         Topobea brachyura H11
         |         Melastomites druidum Unger 1850 CBH93
         |         Acrovena CBH93
         |         Appendicularia DC. 1828 KC01
         |         Chitonia Don 1823 KC01
         |         Meisneria DC. 1828 KC01
         |         Astronia T00
         |         Memecylon SR07
         |           |--M. edule P88
         |           |--M. elaeagni WO05
         |           |--M. flavescens Gamble 1919 MM02
         |           |--M. malabaricum SR07
         |           |--M. pauciflorum LK14
         |           `--M. subcordatum VM03
         |--Chaetostoma [Microlicieae] KM03
         |    `--*C. pungens de Candolle 1828 (see below for synonymy) KM03
         `--Miconieae JS87
              |--Miconia LB99
              `--Ossaea JS87
                   |--O. alloeotricha JS87
                   |--O. barahonensis JS87
                   |--O. curvipila JS87
                   |--O. limon J87
                   |--O. macrophylla LB99
                   |--O. scalpta JS87
                   |--O. setulosa JS87
                   `--O. woodsii Judd & Skean 1987 JS87

*Chaetostoma pungens de Candolle 1828 (nom. cons. prop.) [incl. Rhexia armata Sprengel 1825 (nom. rej. prop.), C. armatum (Sprengel) Cogniaux in Martius 1885] KM03

Leandra altomacaensis Baumgratz & D’El Rei Souza 2009 [incl. L. gracilis var. glazioviana Cogn. 1891 non L. glazoviana Cogniaux 1886] BRS09

*Type species of generic name indicated


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Last updated: 9 May 2021.

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