Miconia

Miconia salicifolia, photographed by Philipp Weigell.


Belongs within: Melastomatineae.

Miconia is a large genus of more than 900 species of trees and shrubs native to tropical parts of the Americas. It can be distinguished from closely related taxa by the possession of berry fruits.

Characters (from Liogier 1995): Shrubs or trees of diverse size and habit; leaves membranous to coriaceous, those of a pair sometimes unequal, variously pubescent; inflorescences paniculiform, spiciform or rarely corymbiform, terminal or rarely lateral; flowers 4-8-parted, usually 5-parted, mostly small, generally white; hypanthium tubular to urceolate; calyx-tube usually well developed but short, the sepals obsolete or present, variable in shape and size, the outer teeth commonly minute, rarely surpassing the sepals; petals mostly small, often inequilateral or retuse and flabellate-veined; stamens isomorphic or dimorphic, the filaments slender or complanate; anthers subulate, oblong, linear or obovate, 2-celled or 4-celled, opening by 1 or 2 pores or by 1 or 2 longitudinal slits; connective simple or variously prolonged or appendaged at base; ovary wholly or partly inferior, 2-several-celled, ovules usually numerous; style straight or declinate, commonly elongate, stigma truncate, capitate or peltate; fruit a many-seeded berry.

<==Miconia
    |--M. alboviridis J87
    |--M. apiculata [incl. M. niedenzuana] JS87
    |--M. argentata G88
    |--M. barkeri JS87
    |--M. favosa J87
    |--M. ferruginea J87
    |--M. hypioides JS87
    |--M. laevigata JS87
    |--M. lanceolata J87
    |--M. longifolia MM96
    |--M. luteola J87
    |--M. (sect. Chaenopleura) macayana Judd & Skean 1987 JS87
    |--M. mirabilis JS87
    |--M. ossaeifolia JS87
    |--M. prasina SWK87
    |--M. salicifolia R96
    |--M. rigidissima JS87
    |--M. selleana J87
    |--M. simplex LB99
    |--M. sintenisii SWK87
    |--M. subcompressa [incl. M. plumieri] JS87
    |--M. tetrastoma JS87
    `--M. xenotricha JS87

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[G88] Grubb, P. J. 1988. The uncoupling of disturbance and recruitment, two kinds of seed bank, and persistence of plant populations at the regional and local scales. Annales Zoologici Fennici 25: 23-26.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[JS87] Judd, W. S., & J. D. Skean, Jr. 1987. Three new angiosperms from Parc National Pic Macaya, Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 137-150.

Liogier, H. A. 1995. Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: Spermatophyta vol. 4. Melastomataceae to Lentibulariaceae. Universidad de Puerto Rico.

[LB99] Loiselle, B. A. & J. G. Blake. 1999. Dispersal of melastome seeds by fruit-eating birds of tropical forest understory. Ecology 80: 330-336.

[MM96] Mound, L. A., & R. Marullo. 1996. The thrips of Central and South America: an introduction (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Memoirs on Entomology, International 6: 1-487.

[R96] Righi, G. 1996. Colombian earthworms. Studies on Tropical Andean Ecosystems 4: 485-607.

[SWK87] Snyder, N. F. R., J. W. Wiley & C. B. Kepler. 1987. The Parrots of Luquillo: Natural history and conservation of the Puerto Rican parrot. Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology: Los Angeles.

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