Arecoideae

Mountain cabbage palm Prestoea montana, photographed by Jose D. Alicea.


Belongs within: Arecaceae.

The Arecoideae is the largest of the generally recognised palm subfamilies, containing about 1100 species.

Synapomorphies (from the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website): Hypodermal cells hexagonal, transversely elongate; flowers in triads or in two vertical rows; style branches separate; n = 16.

<==Arecoideae
    |--Wettinia Z03
    |--Reinhardtia Z03
    |--Dypsis Z03
    |--Neonicholsonia Z03
    |--Archontophoenix alexandrae Z03, E99
    |--Laccospadix Z03
    |--Calyptrocalyx Z03
    |--Drymophloeus [incl. Coleospadix] Z03
    |--Normanbya Z03
    |--Adonidia Z03
    |--Ptychosperma elegans [incl. P. capitis-yorkii] Z03
    |--Loxococcus Z03
    |--Lemurophoenix Z03
    |--Siphokentia Z03
    |--Hydriastele Z03
    |--Gulubia Z03
    |--Nenga Z03
    |--Pinanga Z03
    |--Iguanura Z03
    |--Heterospathe Z03
    |--Rhopaloblaste Z03
    |--Dictyospermum Z03
    |--Actinorhytis Z03
    |--Physokentia Z03
    |--Oncosperma tigillarium Z03, K03
    |--Verschaffeltia Z03
    |--Roscheria Z03
    |--Phoenicophorium Z03
    |--Nephrospermum Z03
    |--Beccariophoenix Z03
    |--Lytocaryum Z03
    |--Polyandrococos Z03
    |--Syagrus [incl. Rhyticocos] Z03
    |    `--S. coronata B04
    |--Areca Z03
    |    |--A. catechu Z03
    |    `--A. sapida C45
    |--Euterpe Z03
    |    |--E. edulis DS86
    |    `--E. oleracea DS04
    |--Oenocarpus [incl. Jessenia] Z03
    |    |--‘Jessenia’ batana DS86
    |    `--O. mapora SDK-L03
    |--Ptychococcus Z03
    |    |--P. arecinus [=Ptychosperma arecina Beccari 1877] Z03
    |    |--P. lepidotus Z03
    |    `--P. paradoxus [=Drymophloeus paradoxus Scheffer 1876, Ptychosperma paradoxa (Scheffer) Scheffer 1876] Z03
    |--Caryota Z03
    |    |--C. mitis P88
    |    |--C. no P88
    |    `--C. obtusifolia P88
    |         |--C. o. var. obtusifolia P88
    |         `--C. o. var. aequatorialis P88
    `--Prestoea Z03
         |--P. longepetiolata Z03
         |    |--P. l. var. longepetiolata Z03
         |    `--P. l. var. cuatrecasasii Z03
         |--P. montana [incl. Euterpe globosa] J87
         `--P. pubens Z03

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B04] Brown, B. V. 2004. Revision of the subgenus Udamochiras of Melaloncha bee-killing flies (Diptera: Phoridae: Metopininae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 140: 1-42.

[C45] Colenso, W. 1845. Memoranda of an excursion, made in the Northern Island of New Zealand, in the summer of 1841-2; intended as a contribution towards the natural productions of the New Zealand groupe: with particular reference to their botany (concluded). Tasmanian Journal of Natural Science 2: 241-308.

[DS04] Davis, J. I., D. W. Stevenson, G. Petersen, O. Seberg, L. M. Campbell, J. V. Freudenstein, D. H. Goldman, C. R. Hardy, F. A. Michelangeli, M. P. Simmons, C. D. Specht, F. Vergara-Silva & M. Gandolfo. 2004. A phylogeny of the monocots, as inferred from rbcL and atpA sequence variation, and a comparison of methods for calculating jackknife and bootstrap values. Systematic Botany 29 (3): 467-510.

[DS86] Dixon, J. R. & P. Soini. 1986. The Reptiles of the Upper Amazon Basin, Iquitos Region, Peru. Milwaukee Public Museum: Milwaukee.

[E99] Eriksson, O. E. (ed.) 1999. Notes on ascomycete systematics. Nos 2440-2755. Myconet 2: 1-41.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum – Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1-136.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81-98.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SDK-L03] Saw, L. G., J. Dransfield & D. M. Keith-Lucas. 2003. Morphological diversity of the genus Licuala (Palmae). Telopea 10 (1): 187-206.

[Z03] Zona, S. 2003. Endosperm condition and the paradox of Ptychococcus paradoxus. Telopea 10 (1): 179-185.

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