Nautilida


The Upper Triassic nautilid Clymenonautilus ehrlichi, from Kummel (1964).


Belongs within: Cephalopoda.
Contains: Tainoceratoidea, Aipoceratidae, Solenochilidae, Clydonautilaceae, Trigonoceratidae, Centroceratidae, Nautilaceae.

The Nautilida were a group of nautiloid cephalopods first appearing in the Lower Devonian. Most species were coiled, though a few early forms were cyrtoconic or straight. Nautilids include the only cephalopods other than ammonoids and coleoids to survive the end of the Triassic, and the only coiled nautiloids to survive into the Carboniferous. Nautilids usually possess a narrow siphuncle with thin connecting rings (Teichert & Moore 1964).

<==Nautilida [Lateradulata, Nautilacea, Nautilina]
    |--+--Tainoceratoidea K64
    |  `--Aipocerataceae [Solenochilaceae, Solenochilida] K64
    |       |--Aipoceratidae H99
    |       |--Solenochilidae H99
    |       `--Scyphoceratidae K64
    |            |--Scyphoceras Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954 K64
    |            |    `--*S. dionysi Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954 K64
    |            |--Dentoceras Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954 [Dentoceratidae] K64
    |            |    `--*D. magnum Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954 K64
    |            |--Mariceras Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954 K64
    |            |    `--*M. ferum Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954 K64
    |            `--Venatoroceras Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954 K64
    |                 `--*V. verae Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954 K64
    `--+--Clydonautilaceae K64
       `--Trigonocerataceae [Centrocerataceae, Centroceratida, Centroceratina] K64
            |--Trigonoceratidae K64
            |--Centroceratidae K64
            `--+--Permoceras Miller & Collinson 1953 [Permoceratidae] K64
               |    `--*P. bitauniense (Haniel 1915) [=Nautilus (Aganides) bitauniensis] K64
               |--+--Nautilaceae K64
               |  `--Syringonautilidae [Clymenonautilinae, Syringonautilinae] K64
               |       |--Clymenonautilus Hyatt in Zittel 1900 [=Clymenionautilus (l. c.)] K64
               |       |    `--*C. ehrlichi (Mojsisovics 1873) [=Nautilus ehrlichi] K64
               |       |--Syringonautilus Mojsisovics 1902 K64
               |       |    `--*S. lilianus (Mojsisovics 1882) [=Nautilus lilianus] K64
               |       |--Juvavionautilus Mojsisovics 1902 K64
               |       |    `--*J. heterophyllus (Hauer 1849) [=Nautilus heterophyllus] K64
               |       |--Oxynautilus Mojsisovics 1902 K64
               |       |    `--*O. acutus (Hauer 1846) [=Nautilus acutus] K64
               |       `--Syringoceras Hyatt 1894 K64
               |            |--*S. granulosostriatum (Klipstein 1843) [=Ammonites granulosostriatus] K64
               |            `--S. credneri K64
               `--Grypoceratidae [Domatoceratidae, Grypoceratinae, Gryponautilidae] K64
                    |--Gryponautilus Mojsisovics 1902 K64
                    |    `--*G. galeatus (Mojsisovics 1873) [=Nautilus galeatus] K64
                    |--Menuthionautilus Collignon 1933 K64
                    |    `--*M. kieslingeri (Collignon 1933) [=Nautilus (*Menuthionautilus) kieslingeri] K64
                    |--Paradomatoceras Del├ępine 1937 K64
                    |    `--*P. applanatum Del├ępine 1937 K64
                    |--Parastenopoceras Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954 K64
                    |    `--*P. khvorovae Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954 K64
                    |--Plummeroceras Kummel 1953 K64
                    |    `--*P. plummeri (Kummel 1953) [=Grypoceras (*Plummeroceras) plummeri] K64
                    |--Pselioceras Hyatt 1884 K64
                    |    `--*P. ophioneum (Waagen 1879) [=Nautilus ophioneus] K64
                    |--Titanoceras Hyatt 1884 K64
                    |    `--*T. ponderosum (Meek 1872) [=Nautilus ponderosus] K64
                    |--Virgaloceras Schindewolf 1954 K64
                    |    `--*V. noduliferum (Reed 1944) [=Gastrioceras noduliferum] K64
                    |--Stearoceras Hyatt 1893 (see below for synonymy) K64
                    |    |--*S. gibbosum (Hyatt 1891) [=Endolobus gibbosus] K64
                    |    |--S. hesperium Miller & Youngquist 1949 P68
                    |    `--S. simplex K64
                    |--Domatoceras Hyatt 1891 (see below for synonymy) K64
                    |    |--*D. umbilicatum Hyatt 1891 K64
                    |    |--D. kleihegei K64
                    |    |--D. northropi Miller & Unklesbay 1942 P68
                    |    `--D. moorei K64
                    |--Grypoceras Hyatt 1883 K64
                    |    |--*G. mesodicum (Quenstedt 1845) [=Nautilus mesodicus] K64
                    |    |--G. brahmanicum K64
                    |    |--G. hexagonalis K64
                    |    |--G. milleri K64
                    |    `--G. obtusum K64
                    |--Stenopoceras Hyatt 1893 K64
                    |    |--*S. dumblei (Hyatt 1891) [=Phacoceras dumblei] K64
                    |    |--S. abundum K64
                    |    |--S. cooperi K64
                    |    |--S. inexpectans Miller 1945 P68
                    |    |--S. smithi K64
                    |    `--S. whitei Miller & Youngquist 1949 P68
                    `--Epidomatoceras Turner 1954 H99
                         |--*E. planotergatum (M’Coy 1844) (see below for synonymy) H99
                         |--E. aemelum Shimansky 1967 H99
                         |--E. cricki (Foord 1891) H99
                         |--E. doohylense (Foord 1900) [=Coelonautilus doohylensis, Pseudometacoceras doohylensis] H99
                         |--E. flemingi Turner 1965 H99
                         |--E. gradus (Foord 1891) [=Coelonautilus gradus, Stroboceras gradus] H99
                         |--E. maccoyi Turner 1954 H99
                         |--E. neilsoni Turner 1965 H99
                         |--E. subsulcatum (Phillips 1836) H99
                         `--E. vivum Shimansky 1967 H99

Domatoceras Hyatt 1891 [incl. Penascoceras Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954, Permodomatoceras Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954, Pseudometacoceras Miller, Dunbar & Condra 1933, Stenodomatoceras Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954] K64

*Epidomatoceras planotergatum (M’Coy 1844) [=Nautilus (Discites) planotergatus, Coelonautilus planotergatus, Domatoceras planotergatus, Epidomatoceras planotergatus, Pseudometacoceras planotergatus] H99

Stearoceras Hyatt 1893 [incl. Neodomatoceras Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954, Parapenascoceras Ruzhentsev & Shimanskiy 1954] K64

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[H99] Histon, K. 1999. A revision of A. H. Foord’s monograph of Irish Carboniferous nautiloid cephalopods (1897-1901). Part 2. Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society 153: 63-129.

[K64] Kummel, B. 1964. Nautiloidea – Nautilida. In Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt. K. Mollusca 3. Cephalopoda – General Features – Endoceratoidea – Actinoceratoidea – Nautiloidea – Bactritoidea (R. C. Moore, ed.) pp. K383-K457. The Geological Society of America and the University of Kansas Press.

[P68] Purnell, L. R. 1968. Catalog of the Type Specimens of Invertebrate Fossils. Part I: Paleozoic Cephalopoda. United States National Museum Bulletin 262: 1-198.

Teichert, C., & R. C. Moore. 1964. Classification and stratigraphic distribution. In Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt. K. Mollusca 3. Cephalopoda – General Features – Endoceratoidea – Actinoceratoidea – Nautiloidea – Bactritoidea (R. C. Moore, ed.) pp. K94-K106. The Geological Society of America and the University of Kansas Press.

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