Rosales

Pear Pyrus communis 'Pepi', copyright Tauno Erik.


Belongs within: Fabidae.
Contains: Crataegus, Cotoneaster, Rosoideae, Prunus, Spiraeoideae, Sorbus, Rhamnaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Ulmaceae, Urticaceae, Moraceae, Celtidaceae, Cannabaceae.

The Rosales is a clade of flowering plants uniting the Rosaceae with members of the previously recognised orders Rhamnales and Urticales. Members of the latter group are commonly wind-pollinated. The Rosaceae are a diverse group of plants with typically five petals and sepals to a flower, and usually with numerous stamens forming a complete ring within the flower.

Characters (from the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website): mucilage cells present; roots diarch; prismatic crystals in ray cells (absent in Barbeyaceae and Elaeagnaceae); inflorescence cymose; hypanthium present, nectariferous, sepals valvate, petals clawed; stigma dry; ovule 1/carpel, epitropous, micropyle endostomal; calyx and/or hypanthium persistent in fruit.

Rosales WM09
    |--Rosaceae WM09
    |    |  i. s.: Crataegus PCM03
    |    |         Mespilus germanica PCM03, R-CT01
    |    |         Cydonia Y98
    |    |           |--C. oblonga Y98
    |    |           |--C. sinensis C55b
    |    |           `--C. vulgaris C55b
    |    |         Osteomeles YY22
    |    |         Maddenia YY22
    |    |         Nuttalia YY22
    |    |         Parastemon YY22
    |    |         Sibiraea YY22
    |    |         Lecostomion YY22
    |    |         Pygeum YY22
    |    |         Eriobotrya japonica H06 [=Photinia japonica LO98]
    |    |         Aruncus dioicus O88
    |    |           |--A. d. ssp. dioicus O88
    |    |           `--A. d. ssp. triternatus O88
    |    |         Cotoneaster H06
    |    |         Pourthiaea villosa LO98
    |    |           |--P. v. var. villosa LO98
    |    |           `--P. v. var. laevis [incl. Eleagnus longipes] LO98
    |    |         Photinia G07b
    |    |           |--P. × fraseri Dress 1961 CD07
    |    |           |--P. glabra LO98
    |    |           `--P. pyrifolia DI03
    |    |         Chaenomeles sinensis [=Pyrus chinensis] LO98
    |    |         Rhaphiolepis umbellata MH98
    |    |           |--R. u. var. umbellata MH98
    |    |           `--R. u. var. integerrima MH98
    |    |         Pyracantha H06
    |    |           |--P. angustifolia H06
    |    |           `--P. crenulata H06
    |    |         Micromeles Decaisne 1874 (see below for synonymy) G07b
    |    |           |--M. corymbifera G07b
    |    |           |--M. cuspidata G07b
    |    |           |--M. griffithii G07b
    |    |           |--M. meghalayensis G07b
    |    |           |--M. polycarpa G07b
    |    |           |--M. rhamnoides G07b
    |    |           `--M. thomsonii G07b
    |    |         Amelanchier H91
    |    |           |--A. canadensis H59
    |    |           |--A. ovalis H91
    |    |           `--A. vulgaris C55a
    |    |         Sorbaria V09
    |    |           |--S. sorbifolia RJ11
    |    |           `--S. tomentosa V09
    |    |         Adenostema fasciculata PL12
    |    |--Rosoideae EH03
    |    |--Amygdaloideae [Prunoideae] T00
    |    |    |--Exochorda T00
    |    |    |--Omleria T00
    |    |    |--Princepia T00
    |    |    |--Prunus EH03
    |    |    |--Laurocerasus caroliniana M93
    |    |    |--Persica C55b
    |    |    |    |--P. laevis C55b
    |    |    |    `--P. vulgaris C55b
    |    |    `--Amygdalus C55b
    |    |         |--A. communis C55b
    |    |         `--A. nana C55a
    |    |--Spiraeoideae T00
    |    `--Maloideae [Pyroideae] G07a
    |         |--Kageneckia T00
    |         |--Vauquelinia californica T00, CP13
    |         |--Lindleya T00
    |         |--Porteranthus T00
    |         |--Sorbus G07a
    |         |--Docynia Decaisne 1874 G05
    |         |    |--D. hookeriana Decaisne 1874 G05
    |         |    `--D. indica (Wallich) Decaisne 1874 (see below for synonymy) G05
    |         |         |--D. i. var. indica G05
    |         |         `--D. i. var. griffithiana (Decaisne) Ghora 2005 [=D. griffithiana Decaisne 1874] G05
    |         |--Malus G07b
    |         |    |--M. domestica TG88
    |         |    |--M. ioensis RJ11
    |         |    |--M. pumila FP01
    |         |    |--M. purpureae SB07
    |         |    |--M. sieboldii [incl. Pyrus toringo] LO98
    |         |    `--M. sylvestris SW03
    |         `--Pyrus G07b
    |              |--P. amygdaliformis EP91
    |              |--P. aria C55a
    |              |--P. communis R-CT01
    |              |--P. hondoensis TS93
    |              |--P. malus SW03
    |              |--P. pashia H42
    |              |--P. pyraster R-CT01
    |              `--P. pyrifolia [incl. P. communis var. sinensis] LO98
    `--+--Rhamnales T00
       |    |--Rhamnaceae WM09
       |    |--Dirachma [Dirachmaceae] T00
       |    |--Barbeya [Barbeyaceae, Barbeyales, Barbeyanae] T00
       |    `--Elaeagnaceae T00
       `--Urticales HQC03
            |  i. s.: Cecropia WI-B09 [Cecropiaceae HQC03]
            |           |--C. exima K06
            |           |--C. obtusifolia WI-B09
            |           |--C. peltata K06
            |           |--C. pittieri RJ11
            |           `--C. reticulata H11
            |--Ulmaceae WM09
            `--+--+--Urticaceae WM09
               |  `--Moraceae WM09
               `--+--Celtidaceae WM09
                  `--Cannabaceae WM09

Docynia indica (Wallich) Decaisne 1874 [=Pyrus indica Colebr. ex Wallich 1831, Cydonia indica (Wallich) Spach 1834, Eriolobus indica (Wallich) Schneid. 1906] G05

Micromeles Decaisne 1874 [=Pyrus sect. Micromeles Hooker 1878, Sorbus sect. Micromeles Rehder 1927] G07b

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

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[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

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Last updated: 3 July 2018.

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