Sage-leaved rock rose Cistus salvifolius, copyright Sten Porse.

Belongs within: Malvales.

The Cistaceae, rock roses, are a group of aromatic shrubs that are most diverse in the Mediterranean region, with species also present in North and South America. In the latter region they are represented by a single genus, Pakaraimaea, that was until recently classified with the Dipterocarpaceae.

Characters (from the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website): Herbs to shrubs; root hairs absent; phloem not stratified; nodes 1:1; petiole bundles arcuate; cuticle waxes absent; hairs glandular, or simple, clustered, or stellate, each cell with a basal internal compartment; leaves usually opposite (occasionally spiral), lamina venation more or less conduplicate-curved, margin toothed, secondary veins pinnate or palmate, stipules present or absent; calyx and corolla more or less opposite, sepals 5, 2 outer smaller than others, petals crumpled in bud; anthers (3-)many and centrifugal; pollen often starchy; gynoecium opposite petals or median member abaxial, placentation usually parietal (occasionally axile), style hollow, stigmas small to capitate and/or lobed, dry, with multicellular multiseriate papillae; ovules (1-)2-many/carpel, straight, outer integument ca 2 cells across, inner integument 2-4 cells across, parietal tissue ca 2 cells across, nucellar cap ca 2 cells across, hypostase present; testa often mucilaginous; embryo more or less strongly curved, long, cotyledons thin, curved or folded, radicle short, stout.

    |--Tuberaria guttata PT98
    |--Helianthemum WM09
    |    |--H. canum H91
    |    |--H. grandiflorum WM09
    |    `--H. salicifolium PT98
    |--Fumana PL04
    |    |--F. arabica (Linnaeus) Spach 1836 PL04
    |    |--F. procumbens H91
    |    `--F. thymifolia PT98
    |--Pakaraimaea [Pakaramaeoideae] APG16
    `--Cistus C74
         |--C. albidus C74
         |--C. incanus Linnaeus 1753 PL04
         |    |--C. i. ssp. incanus PL04
         |    `--C. i. ssp. creticus (Linnaeus) Heywood 1968 PL04
         |--C. ladanifer SA04
         |--C. laurifolius JK80
         |--C. monspeliensis C74
         |--C. parviflorus PT98
         `--C. salvifolius Linnaeus 1753 PL04

*Type species of generic name indicated


[APG16] Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 1–20.

[C74] Coineau, Y. 1974. Éléments pour une monographie morphologique, écologique et biologique des Caeculidae (Acariens). Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, nouvelle série, Série A, Zoologie 81: 1–299, 24 pls.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255–260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[JK80] John, J., & K.-P. Kolbe. 1980. The systematic position of the “Theales” from the viewpoint of serology. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 8: 241–248.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95–116.

[PL04] Pohl, G., & I. Lenski. 2004. Zur Verbreitung und Vergesellschaftung von Pennisetum orientale Rich. in Nordeuböa (Griechenland) (Poaceae, Paniceae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 209–223.

[SA04] Serrano, A. R. M., & C. A. S. Aguiar. 2004. Three new species of the genus Geocharis Ehlers, 1883 from Portugal (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Graellsia 60 (1): 71–80.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853–3858.

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