Bee orchid Ophrys apifera, copyright Hans Hillewaert.

Belongs within: Orchidaceae.

Ophrys, the bee orchids, is a group of orchids in which the flower's labellum is modified to resemble a particular species of pollinating insect, thus attracting males of that species to act as pollinators when they attempt to copulate with the 'female'.

    |--O. apifera PT98
    |--O. aranifera H91
    |--O. ferrum-equinum PT98
    |--O. holoserica PT98
    |    |--O. h. ssp. holoserica PT98
    |    `--O. h. ssp. heterochila PT98
    |--O. insectifera BM76
    |--O. lutea PT98
    |    |--O. l. ssp. lutea PT98
    |    |--O. l. ssp. galilaea PT98
    |    `--O. l. ssp. minor PT98
    |--O. regis-ferdinandii PT98
    |--O. sphegodes PT98
    `--O. umbilicata PT98

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BM76] Bohart, R. M. & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255-260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: Flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95-116.

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