Hyacinthoideae

Grape hyacinth Muscari neglectum, copyright Meneerke bloem.


Belongs within: Hyacinthaceae.
Contains: Ledebouria, Lachenalia.

The Hyacinthoideae is the largest of the subfamilies recognised in the Hyacinthaceae, including the northern Holarctic members of the family together with a number of southern African taxa. Members of the Hyacinthoideae have a penicillate stigma and ellipsoid or globose to pear-shaped seeds (Manning et al. 2004). Phylogenetic analysis supports the separation of the Northern Hemisphere taxa as the tribe Hyacintheae, with most of the southern African species being placed in the tribe Massonieae except for the phylogenetically isolated Pseudoprospero firmifolium (Manning et al. 2004).

Hyacinthoideae MGF04
    |--Pseudoprospero Speta 1998 [Pseudoprospereae] MGF04
    |    `--*P. firmifolium [=Scilla firmifolia] MGF04
    |--Hyacintheae MGF04
    |    |--Barnardia scilloides MGF04
    |    |--+--Oncostema peruviana MGF04
    |    |  `--Tractema verna MGF04
    |    |--+--Brimeura amethystina MGF04
    |    |  `--Scilla MGF04 [incl. Endymion HE80, Hyacinthoides HE80]
    |    |       |--S. altissimum C74
    |    |       |--S. autumnalis PT98
    |    |       |--S. hispanica HE80
    |    |       |--S. hycinthina YG03
    |    |       |--S. lucileae MGF04
    |    |       |--S. non-scripta (Linnaeus) Hoffmannsegg & Link 1803 [=Hyacinthoides non-scripta] HE80
    |    |       |--S. peruviana Linnaeus 1753 HE80
    |    |       `--S. sibirica D30
    |    `--+--+--Puschkinia scilloides MGF04
    |       |  |--Hyacinthella MGF04
    |       |  |    |--H. acutiloba MGF04
    |       |  |    `--H. leucophaea H09
    |       |  `--+--Alrawia bella MGF04
    |       |     `--Hyacinthus orientalis MGF04
    |       `--+--‘Scilla’ albescens MGF04
    |          `--+--Bellevallia MGF04
    |             |    |--B. flexuosa MGF04
    |             |    `--B. saviczii MGF04
    |             `--Muscari MGF04
    |                  |  i. s.: M. armeniacum Baker 1878 HE80
    |                  |         M. botryoides H91
    |                  |         M. commutatum PT98
    |                  |         M. latifolium V09
    |                  |         M. racemosum C55
    |                  |         M. weissii PT98
    |                  |--M. macrocarpum MGF04
    |                  `--+--M. chalusicum MGF04
    |                     `--+--M. comosum (Linnaeus) Miller 1768 MGF04, PL04
    |                        |--M. neglectum MGF04
    |                        `--M. tenuiflora MGF04
    `--Massonieae [Lachenaliinae, Ledebouriinae, Massoniinae] MGF04
         |--Merwilla Speta 1998 MGF04
         |    |--*M. dracomontana [=Scilla dracomontana] MGF04
         |    `--M. plumbea (Lindley) Speta 1998 (see below for synonymy) MGF04
         `--+--Ledebouria MGF04
            |--Schizocarphus Van der Merwe 1943 MGF04
            |    `--*S. nervosus [=Ornithogalum nervosum] MGF04
            |--Eucomis L’Hér. 1789 MGF04
            |    |  i. s.: E. pallidiflora MGF04
            |    |           |--E. p. ssp. pallidiflora MGF04
            |    |           `--E. p. ssp. pole-evansii (Br.) Reyneke ex Manning in Manning, Goldblatt & Fay 2004 (see below for synonymy) MGF04
            |    |--*E. regia [=Fritillaria regia; incl. Ornithogalum nanum (Burm.f.) Thunberg 1794] MGF04
            |    `--+--E. autumnalis MGF04
            |       `--E. humilis MGF04
            |--+--Spetaea Wetschnig & Pfosser 2003 MGF04
            |  |    `--*S. lachenaliiflora MGF04
            |  `--Daubenya Lindley 1813 (see below for synonymy) MGF04
            |       |  i. s.: ‘Neobakeria’ marginata MGF04
            |       |--‘Neobakeria’ angustifolia MGF04
            |       |--D. capensis [=*Androsiphon capense] MGF04
            |       |--‘Neobakeria’ comata MGF04
            |       |--D. namaquensis [=*Neobakeria namaquensis] MGF04
            |       |--+--*D. aurea MGF04
            |       |  `--‘Androsiphon’ alba MGF04
            |       `--+--D. stylosa [=*Amphisiphon stylosa] MGF04
            |          `--‘Neobakeria’ zeyheri MGF04
            `--+--Veltheimia Gled. 1771 MGF04
               |    |--*V. capensis [=Aletris capensis] MGF04
               |    `--V. bracteata MGF04
               `--+--Lachenalia MGF04
                  |--Namophila Müll.-Doblies & Müll.-Doblies 1997 MGF04
                  |    `--*N. uropetala MGF04
                  `--Massonia Thunberg ex Houtt. 1780 [incl. Whiteheadia Harv. 1868] MGF04
                       |--M. etesionamibensis (Müll.-Doblies & Müll.-Doblies) Manning & Goldblatt in Manning, Goldblatt & Fay 2004 (see below for synonymy) MGF04
                       `--+--M. bifolia (Jacq.) Manning & Goldblatt in Manning, Goldblatt & Fay 2004 (see below for synonymy) MGF04
                          `--+--*M. depressa MGF04
                             |--M. pustulata MGF04
                             `--+--M. echinata MGF04
                                `--M. heterandra MGF04

Daubenya Lindley 1813 [incl. Amphisiphon Barker 1936, Androsiphon Schltr. 1924, Neobakeria Schltr. 1924] MGF04

Eucomis pallidiflora ssp. pole-evansii (Br.) Reyneke ex Manning in Manning, Goldblatt & Fay 2004 [=E. pole-evansii Br. 1918] MGF04

Massonia bifolia (Jacq.) Manning & Goldblatt in Manning, Goldblatt & Fay 2004 [=Eucomis bifolia Jacq. 1791, Whiteheadia bifolia (Jacq.) Baker 1873; incl. *W. latifolia] MGF04

Massonia etesionamibensis (Müll.-Doblies & Müll.-Doblies) Manning & Goldblatt in Manning, Goldblatt & Fay 2004 [=Whiteheadia etesionamibensis Müll.-Doblies & Müll.-Doblies 1997] MGF04

Merwilla plumbea (Lindley) Speta 1998 [=Scilla plumbea Lindley 1830; incl. S. kraussii Baker 1873, S. natalensis Planchon 1855, Merwilla natalensis] MGF04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C74] Coineau, Y. 1974. Éléments pour une monographie morphologique, écologique et biologique des Caeculidae (Acariens). Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, nouvelle série, Série A, Zoologie 81: 1–299, 24 pls.

[D30] Druce, G. C. 1930. Account of a botanical tour in Cyprus. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 141: 50–52.

[HE80] Healy, A. J., & E. Edgar. 1980. Flora of New Zealand vol. 3. Adventive cyperaceous, petalous and spathaceous monocotyledons. P. D. Hasselberg, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[H09] Heltmann, H. 2009. Der Königstein (Piatra Craiului), die Perle der Burzenländer Gebirge. Mauritiana 20 (3): 515–527.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255–260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[MGF04] Manning, J. C., P. Goldblatt & M. F. Fay. 2004. A revised generic synopsis of Hyacinthaceae in sub-Saharan Africa, based on molecular evidence, including new combinations and the new tribe Pseudoprospereae. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 60 (3): 533–568.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95–116.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the Wild Fauna and Flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

[YG03] Yadav, S. R., & S. P. Gaikwad. 2003. A revision of the Indian Aponogetonaceae. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1–4): 39–76.

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