Comitas kamakurana, copyright Korina Sangiouloglou.

Belongs within: Conoidea.

Comitas is a genus of relatively large, tall-spired conoids with a sculpture of long fold-like axials and a leaf-shaped operculum (Powell 1966).

Characters (from Powell 1966): Shell moderately large to very large, up to 95 mm, elongate-fusiform, with tall spire and moderately long, straight to slightly flexed, unnotched anterior canal. Protoconch papillate, of two smooth whorls, carinate or subcarinate over last whorl. Adult sculpture of long fold-like axials, crossed by dense spiral lirae. Suture submargined by very weak fold at most. Sinus moderately deep, rather broadly U-shaped, on shoulder slope, but nearer to periphery than to suture. Operculum leaf-shaped, with terminal nucleus. Radula of "wishbone"-type, paired marginals but with distal limb detached.

<==Comitas Finlay 1926 [incl. Carinacomitas Powell 1942] P66
    |--C. fusiformis (Hutton 1877) P66 (see below for synonymy)
    |--C. abnormis King 1933 P66
    |--C. aldingensis Powell 1944 [=C. (Carinacomitas) aldingensis] P66
    |--C. allani Powell 1942 P66
    |--C. anteridion (Watson 1881) [=Pleurotoma (Surcula) anteridion] P66
    |--C. arcana (Smith 1899) [=Pleurotoma (Surcula) arcana] P66
    |--C. bilix Marwick 1931 P66
    |--C. breviplicata (Smith 1899) [=Pleurotoma (Surcula) breviplicata] P66
    |--C. chuni (von Martens 1902) MG-H11 [=Pleurotoma (Pseudomata) chuni P66]
    |--C. clarae (Tenison-Woods 1880) [=Pleurotoma clarae, *Carinacomitas clarae] P66
    |--C. crenularoides (Pritchard 1896) [=Drillia crenularoides] P66
    |--C. declivis Powell 1931 P66
    |--C. eurina (Smith 1899) [=Pleurotoma (Surcula) eurina] P66
    |--C. galatheae Powell 1969 MG-H11
    |--C. habei Shuto 1961 [=C. (Fusiturricula) habei] P66
    |--C. hillegondae (Martin 1931) [=Pleurotoma hillegondae] P66
    |--C. ilariae Bozzetti 1991 BC01
    |--C. imperfecta King 1933 P66
    |--C. kaderlyi (Lischke 1872) [=Pleurotoma kaderlyi] P66
    |--C. kaipara Laws 1939 P66
    |--C. kamakurana (Pilsbry 1895) P66 (see below for synonymy)
    |--C. kayalensis (Dey 1962) [=Turricula kayalensis] P66
    |--C. kuroharai (Oyama 1962) [=Turricula kuroharai] P66
    |--C. latescens (Hutton 1873) [=Pleurotoma latescens] P66
    |--C. latiaxialis (Marshall 1918) [=Surcula latiaxialis] P66
    |--C. lurida (Adams & Reeve 1850) [=Pleurotoma lurida] P66
    |--C. margaritae (Smith 1904) [=Pleurotoma (Surcula) margaritae] P66
    |--C. melvilli (Schepman 1913) [=Surcula melvilli] P66
    |--C. miyazakiensis Shuto 1961 [=C. (Fusiturricula) miyazakiensis] P66
    |--C. murrawolga (Garrard 1961) [=Turricula murrawolga] P66
    |--C. onokeana King 1933 P66
    |    |--C. o. onokeana P66
    |    `--C. o. vivens Dell 1956 P66
    |--C. pagodaeformis (Schepman 1913) [=Drillia pagodaeformis] P66
    |--C. pseudoclarae Powell 1944 P66
    |--C. saldanhae (Barnard 1958) [=Turris saldanhae] P66
    |--C. salebrosa (Harris 1897) [=Pleurotoma salebrosa] P66
    |--C. sibogae (Schepman 1913) [=Spergo sibogae] P66
    |--C. sobrina (Yokoyama 1923) [=Drillia sobrina] P66
    |--C. solitaria (King 1933) [=Insolentia solitaria] P66
    |--C. stolida (Hinds 1843) [=Pleurotoma stolida] P66
    |--C. subcarinapex Powell 1942 [=C. (Carinacomitas) subcarinapex] P66
    |--C. subsuturalis (Martens 1902) P66
    |--C. symbiotes (Wood-Mason & Alcock 1891) [=Pleurotoma symbiotes] P66
    |    |--C. s. symbiotes P66
    |    `--C. s. subcorpulenta (Smith 1894) [=Pleurotoma (Surcula) subcorpulenta] P66
    |--C. terrisae Vella 1954 P66
    |--C. thisbe (Smith 1906) [=Pleurotoma (Surcula) thisbe] P66
    |--C. torquayensis Powell 1944 P66
    |--C. trailli (Hutton 1873) [=Pleurotoma trailli; incl. Surcula verrucosa Suter 1899] P66
    `--C. wynyardensis (Pritchard 1896) [=Pleurotoma wynyardensis] P66

Comitas fusiformis (Hutton 1877) P66 [=Drillia fusiformis P66; incl. Surcula huttoni Suter 1914 P66, Surcula oamarutica Suter 1917 P66, *Comitas oamarutica P66, Turricula oamarutica F27]

Comitas kamakurana (Pilsbry 1895) P66 [=Pleurotoma kamakurana P66; incl. Turricula (Surcula) laysanica Dall 1919 P66, D19]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[D19] Dall, W. H. 1919. Descriptions of new species of mollusks of the family Turritidae from the west coast of America and adjacent regions. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 56 (2288): 1–86, pls 1–24.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[P66] Powell, A. W. B. 1966. The molluscan families Speightiidae and Turridae: an evaluation of the valid taxa, both Recent and fossil, with lists of characteristic species. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum 5: 1–184, pls 1–23.

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