Turbininae

Horned turban Turbo cornutus, copyright Kwansei Shell Database.


Belongs within: Turbinoidea.

The Turbininae are a group of marine gastropods with strong, solid shells bearing a calcareous operculum; whorls may be rounded or more or less carinate.

<==Turbininae [Astraeinae, Astraliinae, Turbinacea]
    |--Senectus Swainson 1840 [Senectinae] BR05
    |    `--S. radiata F66
    |--Rothpletzella Böhm 1895 KC60
    |    `--R. infracarinata (Kittl 1894) [=Coelocentrus infracarinatus; incl. *R. richthofeni Böhm 1895] KC60
    |--Coelobolma Cossmann 1918 KC60
    |    `--*C. corbarica Cossmann 1918 KC60
    |--Ninella Gray 1850 KC60
    |    `--*N. torquata (Gmelin 1791) KC60, WG71 [=Turbo torquatus KC60; incl. N. whitleyi Iredale 1949 WG71]
    |--Subninella Thiele 1929 KC60
    |    `--*S. undulata (Solander 1786) KC60, WG71 [=Turbo undulatus KC60, Limax undulatus H09]
    |--Tectariopsis Cossmann 1888 KC60
    |    `--*T. henrici (Caillat 1835) [=Turbo henrici] KC60
    |--Modelia Gray 1840 KC60, P61
    |    `--*M. granosa (Martyn 1784) P61 (see below for synonymy)
    |--Guildfordia Gray 1850 KC60
    |    |--*G. (Guildfordia) triumphans (Philippi 1841) KC60 [=Astralium triumphans KC60, Calcar triumphans H04]
    |    `--G. (Pseudastralium Schepman 1908) KC60
    |         `--G. (*P.) abyssorum (Schepman 1908) [=Astralium (*P.) abyssorum] KC60
    |--Lunella Röding 1798 [=Ocana Adams 1861] KC60
    |    |--L. cinerea (Born 1778) (see below for synonymy) KC60
    |    |--L. reclusa F66
    |    `--L. smaragda (Gmelin 1791) P61 (see below for synonymy)
    |--Bolma Risso 1826 [Bolmidae] BR05 [incl. Oobolma Sacco 1896 KC60]
    |    |--*B. rugosa (Linné 1767) [=Turbo rugosus, Astraea (*Bolma) rugosa] KC60
    |    `--B. guttata MG-H11
    |         |--B. g. guttata MG-H11
    |         `--B. g. millegranosa (Kuroda & Habe 1958) MG-H11
    |--Cookia Lesson 1832 KC60
    |    |--*C. sulcata (Gemlin 1791) P61 [=Turbo sulcatus P61, Astraea (*Cookia) sulcata KC60, Trochus sulcatus KC60]
    |    |    |--C. s. sulcata F27a
    |    |    `--C. s. kielmansegi (Zelebor 1866) (see below for synonymy) F27a
    |    `--C. aureolum (Hedley 1907) [=Astralium aureolum] F27a
    |--Astralium Link 1807 BR05 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--*A. calcar (Linné 1758) [=Turbo calcar, Astraea (*Astralium) calcar, *Calcar calcar] KC60
    |    |--A. aureum Hedley 1907 H09
    |    |--A. bathyraphe Smith 1899 F27a
    |    |--A. imperiale H04
    |    |--A. nobile Gray 1847 H09
    |    |--A. petrosum (Martyn 1787) [=Trochus petrosus] H09
    |    |--A. rhodostoma (Lamarck 1822) BW09
    |    `--A. tentoriiforme (Jonas 1845) [=Trochus tentoriiformis] H09
    |--Astraea Röding 1798 BR05 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |  i. s.: A. aspinosa Usticke 1971 BC01
    |    |         A. caelata HW78
    |    |         A. longispina LYR78
    |    |         A. pileola Reeve 1842 WG71
    |    |         A. tecta IZ77
    |    |           |--A. t. tecta IZ77
    |    |           `--A. t. americana (Gmelin 1791) IZ77
    |    |--A. (Astraea) KC60
    |    |    |--A. (A.) heliotropium (Martyn 1784) KC60 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |--A. (A.) bicarinata (Suter 1917) [=Imperator bicarinata] F27a
    |    |    `--‘Imperator’ hudsoniana F27a
    |    |--A. (Bellastraea Iredale 1924) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*B.) kesteveni (Iredale 1924) [=*Bellastraea kesteveni] KC60
    |    |--A. (Distellifer Iredale 1937) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*D.) wallisi (Iredale 1932) [=*Distellifer wallisi] KC60
    |    |--A. (Incilaster Finlay 1927) KC60
    |    |    |--A. (*I.) marshalli (Thomson 1907) [=Turbo marshalli] KC60
    |    |    `--A. (I.) transenna Suter 1917 [=Calcar transenna] F27a
    |    |--A. (Lithopoma Gray 1850) [incl. Pachypoma Gray 1850] KC60
    |    |    |--A. (*L.) tuber (Linné 1767) [=Trochus tuber] KC60
    |    |    |--A. (‘Pachypoma’) barbarensis Dall 1919 O27
    |    |    `--A. (‘Pachypoma’) inaequalis Martyn 1784 O27
    |    |         |--A. i. inaequalis O27
    |    |         |--A. i. montereyensis Oldroyd 1927 O27
    |    |         `--A. i. pacifica Dall 1919 O27
    |    |--A. (Micrastraea Cotton 1939) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*M.) aurea (Jonas 1844) [=Trochus aureus] KC60
    |    |--A. (Opella Finlay 1927) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*O.) subfimbriata Suter 1917 KC60
    |    |--A. (Ormastralium Sacco 1896) [incl. Tylastralium Sacco 1896] KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*O.) fimbriata (Borson 1821) [=Trochus fimbriatus] KC60
    |    |--A. (Pagocalcar Iredale 1937) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*P.) limbifera (Kiener 1850) [=Trochus limbiferus] KC60
    |    |--A. (Pomaulax Gray 1850) O27
    |    |    |--A. (*P.) japonicus (Dunker 1845) [=Trochus japonicus] KC60
    |    |    `--A. (P.) undosa Wood 1828 O27 [=Imperator undosa F27a]
    |    |--A. (Rugastella Iredale 1937) KC60
    |    |    `--A. (*R.) rotularia (Lamarck 1822) [=Trochus rotularius] KC60
    |    `--A. (Uvanilla Gray 1850) KC60
    |         `--A. (*U.) unguis (Wood 1828) [=Trochus unguis] KC60
    `--Turbo Linnaeus 1758 BR05 (see below for synonymy)
         |  i. s.: T. castanea Gmelin 1791 (see below for synonymy) BC01
         |         T. cepoides F27a
         |         T. concinnus Philippi 1847 H09
         |         T. etheridgei Lycett 1857 F27b
         |         T. foliaceus Philippi 1846 H09
         |         T. gemmatus Reeve 1848 H09
         |         T. grangensis Pritchard 1909 [=T. hamiltonensis Pritchard 1898 non Harris 1897] F27b
         |         T. haynesi Preston 1914 BW09
         |         T. imperialis Gmelin 1791 H09
         |         T. intercostalis Menke 1843 WMJ09
         |         T. jonathani Dekker, Moolenbeek & Dance 1992 BC01
         |         T. lajonkairii Deshayes 1839 H14
         |         T. militaris C60
         |         T. nivosus Reeve 1848 H09
         |         T. porphyrites (Martyn 1784) [=Helix porphyrites] H09
         |         T. postulatus Bartrum 1919 F27a
         |         T. radiatus Gmelin 1791 BW09
         |         T. rubricinctus Mighels 1845 J49
         |         T. saxosus [=Callopoma saxosum] C60
         |         T. sparverius Gmelin 1791 H09
         |         T. speciosus Reeve 1848 H09
         |         T. tenisoni Finlay 1927 [=T. etheridgei Tenison-Woods 1877 non Lycett 1857] F27b
         |         T. tumidulus Reeve 1848 H09
         |--*T. (Turbo) petholatus Linnaeus 1758 KC60 (see below for synonymy)
         |--T. (Barbotella Cossmann 1918) KC60
         |    `--T. (*B.) hoernesi Barbot 1869 KC60
         |--T. (Batillus Schumacher 1817) [=Angarina Bayle 1878, Delphinulopsis Wright 1878 non Laube 1868] KC60
         |    `--T. (*B.) cornutus Gmelin 1791 [=*Angarina cornuta, *Delphinulopsis cornutus] KC60
         |--T. (Callopoma Gray 1850) KC60
         |    `--T. (*C.) fluctuosus (Wood 1828) KC60
         |--T. (Carswellena Iredale 1931) KC60
         |    `--T. (*C.) exquisitus Angas 1877 KC60
         |--T. (Dentallopoma Beets 1942) KC60
         |    `--T. (*D.) denticolumellaris Beets 1942 KC60
         |--T. (Dinassovica Iredale 1937) WG71
         |    |--T. (*D.) verconis (Iredale 1937) [=*Dinassovica verconis] KC60
         |    `--T. (D.) jourdani Kiener 1839 WG71
         |--T. (Euninella Cotton 1939) KC60
         |    |--T. (*E.) gruneri Philippi 1846 KC60
         |    `--T. (E.) hamiltonensis Harris 1897 DK10
         |--T. (Halopsephus Rehder 1943) KC60
         |    `--T. (H.) haraldi Robertson 1958 [=*Halopsephus pulcher Rehder 1943 non Turbo pulcher Dillwyn 1817] KC60
         |--T. (Lunatica Röding 1798) [incl. Olearia Klein ex Herrmannsen 1847 non Moench 1802 (ICBN)] KC60
         |    `--T. (L.) marmoratus Linnaeus 1758 [incl. T. olearius Linné 1758, *Lunatica olearia] KC60
         |--T. (Marmarostoma Swainson 1829) [=Marmorostoma (l. c.)] KC60
         |    |--T. (*M.) chrysostomus Linnaeus 1758 KC60
         |    |--T. (M.) albofasciatus Bozzetti 1994 BC01
         |    |--T. (M.) argyrostomus Linnaeus 1758 WG71
         |    |--T. (M.) pulcher Reeve 1842 WG71
         |    `--T. (M.) squamiger Reeve 1843 PP78
         |--T. (Sarmaticus Gray 1847) [incl. Cidaris Swainson 1840 non Leske 1778] KC60
         |    `--T. (*S.) sarmaticus Linné 1758 KC60
         |--T. (Sarmaturbo Powell 1938) KC60
         |    `--T. (*S.) superbus Zittel 1864 KC60
         `--T. (Taeniaturbo Woodring 1928) KC60
              `--T. (*T.) canaliculatus Hermann 1781 KC60

Astraea Röding 1798 BR05 [=Canthorbis Swainson 1840 KC60, Macropelmus Gistel 1848 KC60; incl. Imperator Montfort 1810 KC60; Imperatorina, Imperatorinae]

Astraea (Astraea) heliotropium (Martyn 1784) KC60 [=Trochus heliotropium KC60, *Imperator heliotropia F27a; incl. Trochus imperialis Gmelin 1791 KC60, *Astraea imperialis KC60, *Canthorbis imperialis KC60, *Macropelmus imperialis KC60, Liotia solitaria Suter 1908 F27a, Angaria solitaria F27a]

Astralium Link 1807 BR05 [=Calcar Montfort 1810 KC60; incl. Cyclocantha Swainson 1840 KC60, Stella Herrmannsen 1849 KC60]

Cookia sulcata kielmansegi (Zelebor 1866) [=Risella kielmansegi; incl. Astrea sulcata davisii Stowe 1872, Astralium pyramidale Webster 1905] F27a

Lunella cinerea (Born 1778) [=Turbo (Lunella) cinereus; incl. T. versicolor Gmelin 1791, *Lunella versicolor, *Ocana versicolor] KC60

Lunella smaragda (Gmelin 1791) P61 [=Helix smaragdus F27a, Turbo (Lunella) smaragdus F27a; incl. Turbo (Lunella) radina Webster 1905 F27a]

*Modelia granosa (Martyn 1784) P61 [=Trochus granosus F27a, Turbo (Modelia) granosus KC60; incl. Pseudoliotia imperforata Suter 1908 F27a, Collonista imperforata F27a, Leptothyra imperforata F27a, Liotia (Arene) shandi Suter 1908 F27a]

Turbo Linnaeus 1758 BR05 [=Laeviturbo Cossmann 1918 KC60, Turbonus BR05; incl. Amphiboliturbo Magne 1940 KC60, Collonista F27a, Neocollonia Kuroda & Habe 1954 KC60]

Turbo castanea Gmelin 1791 [incl. T. castaneus muricatus Usticke 1959, T. castaneus versicolor Usticke 1959 non T. versicolor Gmelin 1791] BC01

*Turbo (Turbo) petholatus Linnaeus 1758 KC60 [=*Laeviturbo petholatus KC60; incl. T. petholatus var. humerosus Smith 1907 BC01]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[C60] Cox, L. R. 1960. Gastropoda: general characteristics of Gastropoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I84–I169. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[DK10] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2010. Eocene molluscs from the Merlinleigh Sandstone, Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 26 (1): 23–41.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[F66] Fraser, L. 1866. Communication of a list of mollusks collected by R. Swinhoe, Esq., in Formosa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 146.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[HW78] Hoffman, D. L., & P. J. Weldon. 1978. Flight responses of two intertidal gastropods (Prosobranchia: Trochidae) to sympatric predatory gastropods from Barbados. Veliger 20 (4): 361–366.

[H14] Hosie, A. M. 2014. Review of the stalked barnacle genus Koleolepas (Cirripedia: Thoracica: Koleolepadidae), with new records from Australian waters. Records of the Western Australian Museum 29 (1): 1–9.

[IZ77] Ingham, R. E., & J. A. Zischke. 1977. Prey preferences of carnivorous intertidal snails in the Florida Keys. Veliger 20 (1): 49–51.

[J49] Johnson, R. I. 1949. Jesse Wedgwood Mighels with a bibliography and a catalogue of his species. Occasional Papers on Mollusks 1 (14): 213–231.

[KC60] Knight, J. B., L. R. Cox, A. M. Keen, R. L. Batten, E. L. Yochelson & R. Robertson. 1960. Gastropoda: systematic descriptions. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia pp. I169–I331. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[LYR78] Linsley, R. M., E. L. Yochelson & D. M. Rohr. 1978. A reinterpretation of the mode of life of some Paleozoic frilled gastropods. Lethaia 11: 105–112.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II pt. III. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[PP78] Poorman, F. L., & L. H. Poorman. 1978. Additional molluscan records from Bahía de Los Angeles, Baja California Norte. Veliger 20 (4): 369–374.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[WMJ09] Wells, F. E., M. Mulligan & D. S. Jones. 2009. Prevention of introduction of species brought into Geraldton Harbour, Western Australia, by the dredge Leonardo da Vinci. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (2): 153–158.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

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