Spotted spiny lobster Panulirus guttatus, copyright Jarek Tuszynski.

Belongs within: Achelata.

The Stridentes are a clade of spiny lobsters possessing a stridulatory organ at the base of the antenna. During reproduction, males spread a hardened or gelatinous speramtophoric mass across the posterior sternal segments of the female, from which sperm are released by actions of the latter (George 2005a, b).

<==Stridentes G05b
    |--Linuparus somniosus G05b, RD05
    |--Puerulus G05b
    |    |--P. angulatus (Bate 1888) MG-H11
    |    `--P. sewelli RD05
    |--Palinurus G05b
    |    |--P. delagoae G05b
    |    |--P. elephas (Fabricius 1787) DAS03
    |    |--P. gilchristi G05b
    |    `--P. vulgaris Latreille 1804 DAS03 [incl. Phyllosoma palinuri H04]
    `--Panulirus Gray 1847 G05b, B55
         |  i. s.: P. paessleri (Pfeffer 1897) [=Palinurus paessleri] B55
         |--+--+--P. gracilis Streets 1871 G05a, B55
         |  |  `--P. inflatus (Bouvier 1895) G05a, B55 [=Palinurus inflatus B55]
         |  |--+--P. laevicauda G05a
         |  |  |--P. polyphagus G05a
         |  |  `--P. regius de Brito Capello 1864 G05a, DAS03
         |  `--+--P. homarus (Linnaeus 1758) G05a, KM05
         |     |    |--P. h. homarus G05a
         |     |    |--P. h. megasculpta G05a
         |     |    `--P. h. rubellus G05a
         |     |--P. ornatus (Fabricus 1798) G05a, TSH09
         |     |--P. stimpsoni G05a
         |     `--P. versicolor (Latreille 1804) G05a, TSH09
         `--+--P. argus Latreille 1804 G05a, SBL05
            |    |--P. a. argus G05b
            |    `--P. a. westoni G05b
            |--+--P. echinatus G05a
            |  |--P. guttatus Latreille 1804 G05a, DAS03
            |  |--P. interruptus G05a
            |  `--P. penicillatus G05a
            |--+--P. femoristriga (von Martens 1872) G05a, CN01 (see below for synonymy)
            |  `--P. longipes (Milne-Edwards 1868) G05a, CN01
            |       |--P. l. longipes CN01
            |       `--P. l. bispinosus Borradaile 1899 CN01
            `--+--P. brunneiflagellum Sekiguchi & George 2005 G05a
               |--P. cygnus George 1962 G05a, MG-H11
               |--P. japonicus (von Siebold 1824) G05a, DAS03
               |--P. marginatus G05a
               `--P. pascuensis G05a

Panulirus femoristriga (von Martens 1872) G05a, CN01 [=Palinurus femoristriga CN01, Pan. longipes femoristriga CN01; incl. Pan. albiflagellum Chan & Chu 1996 CN01]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B55] Bott, R. 1955. Dekapoden (Crustacea) aus El Salvador. 2. Litorale Dekapoden, au├čer Uca. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 45–70.

[CN01] Chan, T.-Y., & P. K. L. Ng. 2001. On the nomenclature of the commercially important spiny lobsters Panulirus longipes femoristriga (von Martens, 1872), P. bispinosus Borradaile, 1899, and P. albiflagellum Chan & Chu, 1996 (Decapoda, Palinuridae). Crustaceana 74 (1): 123–127.

[DAS03] Dixon, C. J., S. T. Ahyong & F. R. Schram. 2003. A new hypothesis of decapod phylogeny. Crustaceana 76: 935–975.

[G05a] George, R. W. 2005a. Comparative morphology and evolution of the reproductive structures in spiny lobsters, Panulirus. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 39 (3): 493–501.

[G05b] George, R. W. 2005b. Evolution of life cycles, including migration, in spiny lobsters (Palinuridae). New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 39: 503–514.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[KM05] Kulmiye, A. J., & K. M. Mavuti. 2005. Growth and moulting of captive Panulirus homarus homarus in Kenya, western Indian Ocean. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 39 (3): 539–549.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O'Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[RD05] Radhakrishnan, E. V., V. D. Deshmukh, M. K. Manisseri, M. Rajamani, J. K. Kizhakudan & R. Thangaraja. 2005. Status of the major lobster fisheries in India. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 39 (3): 723–732.

[SBL05] Sharp, W. C., R. D. Bertelsen & V. R. Leeworthy. 2005. Long-term trends in the recreational lobster fishery of Florida, United States: landings, effort, and implications for management. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 39 (3): 733–747.

[TSH09] Titelius, M. A., A. Sampey & C. G. Hass. 2009. Crustaceans of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, north Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 145–176.

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