Glass anemone shrimp Periclimenes brevicarpalis, copyright Hectonichus.

Belongs within: Caridea.
Contains: Macrobrachium, Palaemonetes.

The Palaemonidae are a group of shrimps with well-developed, prominent chelae on the first pair of pereiopods, as well as normal chelae on the second pair. They have been divided between the largely free-living Palaemoninae and the commensal Pontoniinae.

    |  i. s.: Pseudoclimenes holthuisi Bruce 2008 MG-H11
    |         Bechleja rostrata Feldmann et al. 1981 BWW93
    |--Pontoniinae TSH09
    |    |--Lipkebe holthuisi M85
    |    |--Hamodactylus TSH09
    |    |--Neopontonides TSH09
    |    |--Vir philippinensis Bruce & Svoboda 1984 TSH09
    |    |--Palaemonella Dana 1852 H86
    |    |    `--P. burnsi Holthuis 1973 H86
    |    |--Pontonia M85
    |    |    |--P. flavomaculata Heller 1864 KK03
    |    |    |--P. margarita Smith 1869 M88
    |    |    `--P. pinnophylax (Otto 1821) KK03
    |    `--Periclimenes Costa 1844 H86
    |         |--P. aleator Bruce 1991 MG-H11
    |         |--P. americanus (Kingsley 1878) M88
    |         |--P. amethysteus PP64
    |         |--P. brevicarpalis Schenkel 1902 TSH09
    |         |--P. iridescens Lebour 1949 M88
    |         |--P. longicaudatus (Stimpson 1860) M88
    |         |--P. magnus Holthuis 1951 M88
    |         |--P. perryae M85
    |         |--P. pholeter Holthuis 1973 H86
    |         |--P. scriptus (Risso 1822) KK03
    |         `--P. yaldwyni HS01
    `--Palaemoninae H86
         |--Macrobrachium H86
         |--Palaemonetes H86
         |--Creaseria Holthuis 1950 H86
         |    `--C. morleyi (Creaser 1936) H86
         |--Neopalaemon Hobbs 1973 H86
         |    `--N. nahuatlus Hobbs 1973 H86
         |--Troglindicus Sankolli & Shenoy 1979 H86
         |    `--T. phreaticus Sankolli & Shenoy 1979 H86
         |--Bithynops Holthuis 1973 H86
         |    |--B. luscus Holthuis 1973 H86
         |    `--B. perspicax Holthuis 1977 H86
         |--Troglocubanus Holthuis 1949 H86
         |    |--T. calcis (Rathbun 1912) H86
         |    |--T. eigenmanni (Hay 1903) H86
         |    |--T. gibarensis (Chace 1943) H86
         |    |--T. inermis (Chace 1943) H86
         |    |--T. jamaicensis Holthuis 1963 H86
         |    `--T. perezfarfanteae Villalobos 1974 H86
         `--Palaemon DM11
              |  i. s.: P. adspersus Rathke 1837 (nom. cons.) H86 [incl. Cancer squilla Linnaeus 1758 (n. o.) G03]
              |         P. affinis Milne Edwards 1837 H86
              |         P. biunguiculatus Lucas 1846 E12
              |         P. concinnus Dana 1852 H86
              |         P. elegans Rathke 1837 KK03
              |         P. jamaicensis F15
              |         P. lar L02
              |         P. longirostris Milne-Edwards 1837 KK03
              |         P. macrodactylus Rathbun 1902 OM03
              |         P. northropi [=Palaeander northropi] M85
              |         P. pandaliformis M85
              |         P. paucidens De Haan 1844 OM03
              |         P. ritteri CB93
              |         P. serratus (Pennant 1777) PH03
              |         P. squilla L02
              |         P. suttkusi SC17
              |         P. varians B64
              |         P. xiphias Risso 1816 KK03
              `--P. (Eupalaemon) DM11
                   |--P. (E.) dux Lenz 1910 DM11
                   |--P. (E.) foai Cout. 1902 DM11
                   |--P. (E.) lanchesteri De Man 1911 (see below for synonymy) DM11
                   |--P. (E.) lenzii De Man 1911 DM11
                   |--P. (E.) macrobrachion Herklots 1851 DM11
                   `--P. (E.) ‘paucidens’ Hilgendorf 1893 non De Haan 1844 DM11

Palaemon (Eupalaemon) lanchesteri De Man 1911 [=P. paucidens Lanchester 1901 nec De Haan 1844 nec Hilgendorf 1893] DM11

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B64] Brady, G. S. 1864. On the zoology of Hylton Dene, near Sunderland. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33 (Notices and Abstracts): 100.

[BWW93] Briggs, D. E. G., M. J. Weedon & M. A. Whyte. 1993. Arthropoda (Crustacea excluding Ostracoda). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 321–342. Chapman & Hall: London.

[CB93] Cash, C. E., & R. T. Bauer. 1993. Adaptations of the branchial ectoparasite Probopyrus pandalicola (Isopoda: Bopyridae) for survival and reproduction related to ecdysis of the host, Palaemonetes pugio (Caridea: Palaemonidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 13 (1): 111–124.

[DM11] De Man, J. G. 1911. On the West-African species of the subgenus Eupalaemon Ortm. Notes from the Leyden Museum 33: 261–264.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l'Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F15] Fowler, H. W. 1915. Cold-blooded vertebrates from Florida, the West Indies, Costa Rica, and eastern Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 244–269.

[G03] Grave, S. de. 2003. Historical patterns in the description of north east Atlantic Decapoda. Journal of Crustacean Biology 23 (3): 669–677.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H86] Holthuis, L. B. 1986. Decapoda. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 589–615. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[KK03] Kocataş, A., & T. Katağan. 2003. The decapod crustacean fauna of the Turkish seas. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 63–74.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[M85] Markham, J. C. 1985. A review of the bopyrid isopods infesting caridean shrimps in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean, with special reference to those collected during the Hourglass cruises in the Gulf of Mexico. Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises 7 (3): 1–156.

[M88] Markham, J. C. 1988. Descriptions and revisions of some species of Isopoda Bopyridae of the northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Zoologische Verhandelingen 246: 1–63.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O'Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[OM03] Oh, C.-W., C.-W. Ma, R. G. Hartnoll & H.-L. Suh. 2003. Reproduction and population dynamics of the temperate freshwater shrimp, Neocaridina denticulata denticulata (de Haan, 1844), in a Korean stream. Crustaceana 76 (8): 993–1015.

[PH03] Pinheiro, M. A. A., & G. Y. Hattori. 2003. Embryology of the mangrove crab Ucides cordatus (Brachyura: Ocypodidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 23 (3): 729–737.

[SC17] Schwentner, M., D. J. Combosch, J. P. Nelson & G. Giribet. 2017. A phylogenomic solution to the origin of insects by resolving crustacean-hexapod relationships. Current Biology 27: 1818–1824.

[TSH09] Titelius, M. A., A. Sampey & C. G. Hass. 2009. Crustaceans of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, north Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 145–176.

Last updated: 13 March 2022.

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